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Talk about your hometown essay

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Describe your hometown - Escapist Magazine

AT#038;T “Don’t text while driving” Essay. About Your. This deadly Combination is statistics for dissertation, brought to a heart wrenching point in the YouTube video called “Don’t text while driving” is also a campaign started by ATT in talk about hometown, 2010 “It can wait”. Everyday people are killed in car accidents. Motor vehicles are responsible for the lives of many innocent drivers and research interest paper passengers on the road. A common reason responsible for about hometown, these accidents involve texting while driving. Texting and on global for class 6 driving projects horrific accidents whose consequences can be fatal and talk about your essay life changing.

ATT supports drivers to not text and drive on essays amp effluvia media the road through their “Don’t text while driving” advertisements. In one of the short stories, a young man suffers from brain damage as a consequence to the text message “Where r” he was sending while operating a motor vehicle. Another one of talk about hometown essay ATT’s short stories personifies a sister of a texting and driving victim. ATT’s video sets a sympathetic mood, uses trustworthy spokespersons and help with for dissertation uses style in textual information to appeal to the audience while convincing viewers to not text and drive. ATT’s “Don’t text while driving” video establishes a relatable mood highlighted by the setting of the stories. Opening this powerful video is Missouri State Officer Grant Hendrix, he was the first responder on the scene of Mariah West’s fatal accident. He describes her physical disfigurement from her car violently colliding with a freeway barrier. Getting choked up Officer Hendrix then says, “it’s funny the first thing I noticed about her was her shoes lying in the roadway in a large pool blood I noticed her shoes and I thought this is about essay, a young girl, that#8217;s the first thing I thought when I saw this girl and at that point is why I noticed her cap and gown was still in her car and that she was going to graduate the next day this was just a really horrific seen all because of a senseless text message” (0:54) Seeing a veteran officer get emotional, even admitting he sees these sorts of things often makes a powerful statement. Near the media end of the video he making a poignant statement saying, “She paid the ultimate price for her life I’ve had to do this more than once she was not the only victim that I have dealt with and talk your hometown it never gets any easier and it won#8217;t get any easier was it worth it losing your life over interviews, that text message”(7:18) In the “Yeah” story with the sister of a victim, the setting is in the comfort of a home. Audiences can relate to the setting because almost everyone has or strives to have a place to call home.

Ashley, the sister of a texting a driving victim, can no longer be at comfort in her own home without her sister. Knowing she sent the talk your essay text message that caused the death of her sister is something she finds difficult overlook. In contrast, the “Where r” commercial ends with a young man in a rehabilitation center. Essays Media. He sits in the middle of the clinic holding a sign of the text that changed his life. About Your Hometown Essay. Surrounding him is essay warming for class, a wheel chair, exercise balls, and building blocks meant for children. The setting portrays his new life learning how to function in order to have a normal life again.

In both cases, the setting appeals to pathos but in about your essay, contrasting ways. The audience can relate to both situations by with statistics for dissertation, having a place to call home and your hometown essay what the consequences of texting a driving would be if one’s life was changed forever. The relaxed familiarity of a home can quickly change the mood of an audience after a traumatic experience. Essay On Global Warming For Class 6. Additionally, a rehabilitation clinic is not an ideal place for a person to about your hometown, want to essay on global warming 6, spend the rest of about hometown his or her life. Pathos is seen in these advertisements by connecting to the audience’s emotions. The setting evokes feelings of essays amp effluvia media sympathy with the audience to create a relatable mood. Not only does the setting persuade audiences to not text and drive, the speakers presented in about your hometown essay, the commercials are credible and trustworthy. ATT has respectfully not hired actors to essay warming for class 6, speak about the hazards of texting and driving in their commercials. Talk About Hometown. Instead they use real people who have personal knowledge and essays on job experience of the effects of texting a driving. ATT effectively uses ethos by getting the audience to identify with the spokesperson. About Your Essay. They are normal citizens whose lives were completely changed because of a text message.

The sister in the “Yeah” story Ashley, tells of her sister saying how funny she was and how her sister was always texting her. One could tell they had a strong relationship before it was destroyed by the fatal car accident. Likewise, by just listening to the man with brain damage talk, the audience sympathizes with him. As he struggles to put on a shirt, we see the physical effects the accident has taken on interview questions research paper him. This video also strongly appeals to pathos because it makes the audience pity the speakers. Hometown. An emotional connection is made by the audience and paper the speakers in your, these advertisements.

With that said, ATT addresses the problem of texting and driving through ethos and essays courage pathos presented by the commercial’s speakers. Along with identifying with the speakers, ATT’s “Don’t text while driving” video portrays a unique style to convince the audience to not text and your hometown essay drive. For example, after the speaker tells his or her story, a blank white screen appears with the individual text message in essays amp effluvia media, bold, black letters. The bland screen with opposite colors proposes a straightforward persuasion technique that forces the talk essay audience to focus on the screen and the message being presented. These simple approaches appeal to pathos because each holds a strong message that stimulates the audiences’ emotions.

At the amp effluvia media end of the about your video, ATT provides source information from Virginia Tech Institute dated from the year 2009. “Studies show that you are 23 times more likely to be involved in an accident when texting and driving”. (8:21) All of the textual information presented in the advertisement depicts pathos. ATT constructs a reasonable argument of not texting and driving through the style demonstrated throughout the essays video. Indeed, texting and driving is talk about your essay, a rising problem in society. Many lives are taken or even changed forever because of this selfless act. More people need to be informed of the on global warming for class consequences of texting and driving, and ATT did just that. About Hometown. ATT’s “Don’t text while driving” video convinces viewers to not text and drive through their many persuasive techniques.

The commercials not only stimulate the audiences’ perspective, they effectively use visual stimuli to present and help with statistics for dissertation desist drivers from texting and driving. Essay. In light of the speakers’ credibility, ethos is present in essays on job, the video as well. The settings, moods, speakers, and style all contribute to the persuasion of an audience in this video. ATT not only sells cell phones, the company took it upon themselves to present a problem caused by cell phones. ATT has the ability to engage an audience while promoting a cause and advertising their cell phone company in their “Don’t text while driving” video. On a personal note I have found myself guilty of doing this from time to time, I am ashamed to admit it but it’s true. I don’t believe anyone should be texting while driving, but how do I argue against something I am guilty of myself? Do I use the old adage “do as I say, not as I do”? That seems very hypocritical, but after watching this video I have to say stop and think before picking up that phone while driving. It moved me the most seeing the sister Ashley wrought with guilt over her sister’s death. This was the most powerful for me, having lost someone I too felt guilty over losing it stamped ATT’s message right in my heart.

Lisa Walsh. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 13 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on talk about your hometown AT#038;T “Don’t text while driving” for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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Chapter 2: My Hometown Talk about your Hometown in English

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards dedicated himself to your essay, a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the interview questions paper place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this new project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service.

His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the ascension of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (1607), Attorney General (1613), and eventually Lord Chancellor (1618). About Hometown. While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of bribery and forced to leave public office. He then retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. Help Statistics For Dissertation. He died in 1626, leaving behind a cultural legacy that, for talk about your, better or worse, includes most of the foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world as we currently know it. Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam, the for class 6 Viscount St. Albans, and Lord Chancellor of England) was born in London in 1561 to about your essay, a prominent and well-connected family.

His parents were Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord Keeper of the help with Seal, and hometown, Lady Anne Cooke, daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, a knight and one-time tutor to the royal family. Essays Amp Effluvia Media. Lady Anne was a learned woman in her own right, having acquired Greek and Latin as well as Italian and talk, French. Interview Research Paper. She was a sister-in-law both to Sir Thomas Hoby, the talk your essay esteemed English translator of Castiglione, and to Sir William Cecil (later Lord Burghley), Lord Treasurer, chief counselor to essays, Elizabeth I, and hometown, from 1572-1598 the most powerful man in England. Bacon was educated at home at the family estate at Gorhambury in essay warming for class Herfordshire. In 1573, at the age of just twelve, he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where the stodgy Scholastic curriculum triggered his lifelong opposition to Aristotelianism (though not to the works of Aristotle himself). In 1576 Bacon began reading law at Gray’s Inn. Yet only a year later he interrupted his studies in order to take a position in talk about hometown the diplomatic service in France as an assistant to the ambassador. In 1579, while he was still in France, his father died, leaving him (as the essays second son of a second marriage and the youngest of six heirs) virtually without support. With no position, no land, no income, and no immediate prospects, he returned to talk your essay, England and statistics for dissertation, resumed the study of about hometown law. Bacon completed his law degree in 1582, and in 1588 he was named lecturer in legal studies at Gray’s Inn.

In the meantime, he was elected to Parliament in 1584 as a member for Melcombe in Dorsetshire. He would remain in Parliament as a representative for various constituencies for the next 36 years. In 1593 his blunt criticism of a new tax levy resulted in an unfortunate setback to his career expectations, the essays interviews Queen taking personal offense at his opposition. Any hopes he had of becoming Attorney General or Solicitor General during her reign were dashed, though Elizabeth eventually relented to the extent of appointing Bacon her Extraordinary Counsel in 1596. It was around this time that Bacon entered the talk about your essay service of Robert Devereux, the Earl of Essex, a dashing courtier, soldier, plotter of intrigue, and sometime favorite of the essays amp effluvia media Queen. No doubt Bacon viewed Essex as a rising star and a figure who could provide a much-needed boost to his own sagging career. Unfortunately, it was not long before Essex’s own fortunes plummeted following a series of military and political blunders culminating in a disastrous coup attempt.

When the coup plot failed, Devereux was arrested, tried, and eventually executed, with Bacon, in his capacity as Queen’s Counsel, playing a vital role in the prosecution of the case. In 1603, James I succeeded Elizabeth, and Bacon’s prospects for talk about your, advancement dramatically improved. After being knighted by on global warming for class the king, he swiftly ascended the ladder of state and from 1604-1618 filled a succession of high-profile advisory positions: 1604 – Appointed King’s Counsel. 1607 – Named Solicitor General. 1608 – Appointed Clerk of the talk about your essay Star Chamber. 1613 – Appointed Attorney General. Media. 1616 – Made a member of the about your hometown Privy Council. 1617 – Appointed Lord Keeper of the essay Royal Seal (his father’s former office). 1618 – Made Lord Chancellor. As Lord Chancellor, Bacon wielded a degree of power and influence that he could only have imagined as a young lawyer seeking preferment.

Yet it was at this point, while he stood at the very pinnacle of success, that he suffered his great Fall. About Hometown Essay. In 1621 he was arrested and charged with bribery. Essays Amp Effluvia Media. After pleading guilty, he was heavily fined and sentenced to a prison term in talk about your hometown essay the Tower of essays courage London. Although the fine was later waived and Bacon spent only four days in talk the Tower, he was never allowed to sit in essays courage Parliament or hold political office again. The entire episode was a terrible disgrace for Bacon personally and a stigma that would cling to talk about your hometown, and injure his reputation for years to come. As various chroniclers of the case have pointed out, the accepting of gifts from suppliants in essays on job a law suit was a common practice in Bacon’s day, and it is also true that Bacon ended up judging against the two petitioners who had offered the fateful bribes. Yet the damage was done, and talk your, Bacon to interview research paper, his credit accepted the judgment against him without excuse. According to talk your, his own Essayes, or Counsels , he should have known and done better. (In this respect it is questions, worth noting that during his forced retirement, Bacon revised and republished the Essayes , injecting an about your hometown, even greater degree of shrewdness into a collection already notable for its worldliness and keen political sense.) Macaulay in a lengthy essay declared Bacon a great intellect but (borrowing a phrase from Bacon’s own letters) a “most dishonest man,” and media, more than one writer has characterized him as cold, calculating, and arrogant. Yet whatever his flaws, even his enemies conceded that during his trial he accepted his punishment nobly, and moved on.

Bacon spent his remaining years working with renewed determination on his lifelong project: the reform of learning and the establishment of an intellectual community dedicated to the discovery of scientific knowledge for the “use and benefit of talk your essay men.” The former Lord Chancellor died on research interest paper 9 April, 1626, supposedly of a cold or pneumonia contracted while testing his theory of the preservative and insulating properties of snow. In a way Bacon’s descent from political power was a fortunate fall, for it represented a liberation from the bondage of public life resulting in a remarkable final burst of literary and scientific activity. As Renaissance scholar and talk your hometown essay, Bacon expert Brian Vickers has reminded us, Bacon’s earlier works, impressive as they are, were essentially products of essays courage his “spare time.” It was only during his last five years that he was able to concentrate exclusively on writing and produce, in talk your essay addition to a handful of minor pieces: Two substantial volumes of history and biography, The History of the Reign of King Henry the essays courage Seventh and talk your hometown, The History of the Reign of King Henry the Eighth. De Augmentis Scientiarum (an expanded Latin version of his earlier Advancement of Learning). The final 1625 edition of his Essayes, or Counsels. The remarkable Sylva Sylvarum, or A Natural History in paper Ten Centuries (a curious hodge-podge of scientific experiments, personal observations, speculations, ancient teachings, and analytical discussions on topics ranging from the causes of hiccups to talk about hometown essay, explanations for the shortage of rain in Egypt).

Artificially divided into ten “centuries” (that is, ten chapters, each consisting of one hundred items), the work was apparently intended to be included in Part Three of the Magna Instauratio. Amp Effluvia Media. His utopian science-fiction novel The New Atlantis, which was published in talk about essay unfinished form a year after his death. Various parts of his unfinished magnum opus Magna Instauratio (or Great Instauration), including a “Natural History of essays courage Winds” and a “Natural History of about your essay Life and Death.” These late productions represented the capstone of a writing career that spanned more than four decades and encompassed virtually an entire curriculum of literary, scientific, and philosophical studies. Despite the fanatical claims (and very un-Baconian credulity) of on job a few admirers, it is a virtual certainty that Bacon did not write the works traditionally attributed to William Shakespeare. Talk About Your. Even so, the Lord Chancellor’s high place in the history of English literature as well as his influential role in the development of English prose style remain well-established and secure. Indeed even if Bacon had produced nothing else but his masterful Essayes (first published in 1597 and then revised and expanded in 1612 and 1625), he would still rate among the top echelon of 17th-century English authors.

And so when we take into account his other writings, e.g., his histories, letters, and warming, especially his major philosophical and scientific works, we must surely place him in the first rank of English literature’s great men of hometown essay letters and among its finest masters (alongside names like Johnson, Mill, Carlyle, and Ruskin) of non-fiction prose. Bacon’s style, though elegant, is by research paper no means as simple as it seems or as it is hometown, often described. On Global For Class 6. In fact it is actually a fairly complex affair that achieves its air of talk about essay ease and clarity more through its balanced cadences, natural metaphors, and carefully arranged symmetries than through the use of research paper plain words, commonplace ideas, and straightforward syntax. (In this connection it is talk about, noteworthy that in statistics the revised versions of the talk hometown essay essays Bacon seems to have deliberately disrupted many of his earlier balanced effects to produce a style that is actually more jagged and, in effect, more challenging to the casual reader.) Furthermore, just as Bacon’s personal style and living habits were prone to help with statistics, extravagance and never particularly austere, so in about his writing he was never quite able to resist the occasional grand word, magniloquent phrase, or orotund effect. (As Dr. Johnson observed, “A dictionary of the English language might be compiled from Bacon’s works alone.”) Bishop Sprat in his 1667 History of the Royal Society honored Bacon and praised the society membership for supposedly eschewing fine words and fancy metaphors and adhering instead to a natural lucidity and “mathematical plainness.” To write in media such a way, Sprat suggested, was to follow true, scientific, Baconian principles. And while Bacon himself often expressed similar sentiments (praising blunt expression while condemning the your essay seductions of figurative language), a reader would be hard pressed to find many examples of such spare technique in Bacon’s own writings.

Of Bacon’s contemporary readers, at least one took exception to the view that his writing represented a perfect model of plain language and transparent meaning. After perusing the New Organon , King James (to whom Bacon had proudly dedicated the volume) reportedly pronounced the work “like the peace of God, which passeth all understanding.” As a work of narrative fiction, Bacon’s novel New Atlantis may be classified as a literary rather than a scientific (or philosophical) work, though it effectively belongs to both categories. According to Bacon’s amanuensis and first biographer William Rawley, the novel represents the first part (showing the design of a great college or institute devoted to the interpretation of nature) of paper what was to have been a longer and more detailed project (depicting the entire legal structure and about your hometown essay, political organization of an ideal commonwealth). The work thus stands in the great tradition of the utopian-philosophical novel that stretches from Plato and More to Huxley and Skinner. The thin plot or fable is little more than a fictional shell to contain the media real meat of Bacon’s story: the elaborate description of Salomon’s House (also known as the College of the talk your hometown Six Days Works), a centrally organized research facility where specially trained teams of investigators collect data, conduct experiments, and (most importantly from questions paper, Bacon’s point of view) apply the knowledge they gain to talk your essay, produce “things of use and practice for man’s life.” These new arts and statistics for dissertation, inventions they eventually share with the about your outside world. In terms of its sci-fi adventure elements, the New Atlantis is about as exciting as a government or university re-organization plan. But in terms of its historical impact, the novel has proven to be nothing less than revolutionary, having served not only as an effective inspiration and model for the British Royal Society, but also as an early blueprint and prophecy of the modern research center and international scientific community. c. On Job. Scientific and Philosophical Works. It is never easy to summarize the thought of a prolific and talk essay, wide-ranging philosopher. Yet Bacon somewhat simplifies the task by his own helpful habits of systematic classification and catchy mnemonic labeling. On Job. (Thus, for example, there are three “distempers” – or diseases – of learning,” eleven errors or “peccant humours,” four “Idols,” three primary mental faculties and categories of knowledge, etc.) In effect, by following Bacon’s own methods it is possible to produce a convenient outline or overview of his main scientific and philosophical ideas.

As early as 1592, in a famous letter to his uncle, Lord Burghley, Bacon declared “all knowledge” to be his province and vowed his personal commitment to a plan for the full-scale rehabilitation and reorganization of learning. In effect, he dedicated himself to a long-term project of intellectual reform, and the balance of about essay his career can be viewed as a continuing effort to make good on that pledge. Essays Courage. In 1620, while he was still at the peak of his political success, he published the preliminary description and plan for an enormous work that would fully answer to his earlier declared ambitions. The work, dedicated to James, was to be called Magna Instauratio (that is, the “grand edifice” or Great Instauration ), and it would represent a kind of your hometown essay summa or culmination of essays on job interviews all Bacon’s thought on subjects ranging from logic and hometown, epistemology to practical science (or what in Bacon’s day was called “natural philosophy,” the word science being then but a general synonym for on global warming, “wisdom” or “learning”). Like several of Bacon’s projects, the talk about your hometown essay Instauratio in its contemplated form was never finished. Of the intended six parts, only the first two were completed, while the other portions were only amp effluvia partly finished or barely begun. Consequently, the work as we have it is less like the vast but well-sculpted monument that Bacon envisioned than a kind of philosophical miscellany or grab-bag.

Part I of the talk your essay project, De Dignitate et Augmentis Scientiarum (“Nine Books of the Dignity and Advancement of Learning”), was published in 1623. Statistics For Dissertation. It is basically an enlarged version of the earlier Proficience and Advancement of Learning , which Bacon had presented to James in talk about hometown 1605. Part II, the Novum Organum (or “New Organon”) provides the author’s detailed explanation and essay on global warming for class 6, demonstration of the correct procedure for interpreting nature. It first appeared in 1620. Together these two works present the essential elements of Bacon’s philosophy, including most of the essay major ideas and principles that we have come to associate with the terms “Baconian” and “Baconianism.” Relatively early in his career Bacon judged that, owing mainly to an undue reverence for the past (as well as to essays courage, an excessive absorption in cultural vanities and talk your essay, frivolities), the intellectual life of Europe had reached a kind of impasse or standstill. Yet he believed there was a way beyond this stagnation if persons of learning, armed with new methods and insights, would simply open their eyes and on job interviews, minds to the world around them. This at talk about, any rate was the essays media basic argument of his seminal 1605 treatise The Proficience and Advancement of Learning , arguably the first important philosophical work to be published in English. It is in this work that Bacon sketched out the hometown essay main themes and ideas that he continued to refine and develop throughout his career, beginning with the essays on job notion that there are clear obstacles to or diseases of learning that must be avoided or purged before further progress is possible. “There be therefore chiefly three vanities in studies, whereby learning hath been most traduced.” Thus Bacon, in the first book of the Advancement . About. He goes on to refer to these vanities as the three “distempers” of learning and research paper, identifies them (in his characteristically memorable fashion) as “fantastical learning,” “contentious learning,” and “delicate learning” (alternatively identified as “vain imaginations,” “vain altercations,” and “vain affectations”).

By fantastical learning (“vain imaginations”) Bacon had in mind what we would today call pseudo-science: i.e., a collection of your hometown essay ideas that lack any real or substantial foundation, that are professed mainly by interest paper occultists and charlatans, that are carefully shielded from outside criticism, and that are offered largely to talk your hometown essay, an audience of credulous true believers. In Bacon’s day such “imaginative science” was familiar in essays courage the form of astrology, natural magic, and talk your essay, alchemy. By contentious learning (“vain altercations”) Bacon was referring mainly to Aristotelian philosophy and on job interviews, theology and about your, especially to essays, the Scholastic tradition of logical hair-splitting and metaphysical quibbling. But the phrase applies to any intellectual endeavor in which the principal aim is not new knowledge or deeper understanding but endless debate cherished for its own sake. Delicate learning (“vain affectations”) was Bacon’s label for about your, the new humanism insofar as (in his view) it seemed concerned not with the actual recovery of ancient texts or the essays retrieval of talk hometown essay past knowledge but merely with the revival of Ciceronian rhetorical embellishments and the reproduction of essays classical prose style. Such preoccupation with “words more than matter,” with “choiceness of phrase” and the “sweet falling of talk essay clauses” – in interviews short, with style over substance – seemed to Bacon (a careful stylist in talk about your hometown his own right) the most seductive and decadent literary vice of questions research his age. Here we may note that from Bacon’s point of view the “distempers” of learning share two main faults: Prodigal ingenuity – i.e., each distemper represents a lavish and regrettable waste of talent, as inventive minds that might be employed in more productive pursuits exhaust their energy on trivial or puerile enterprises instead. Talk About Essay. Sterile results – i.e., instead of contributing to research, the discovery of new knowledge (and thus to a practical “advancement of learning” and eventually to a better life for talk hometown essay, all), the distempers of learning are essentially exercises in personal vainglory that aim at little more than idle theorizing or the preservation of older forms of knowledge.

In short, in Bacon’s view the essays courage distempers impede genuine intellectual progress by talk your hometown beguiling talented thinkers into fruitless, illusory, or purely self-serving ventures. What is needed – and this is a theme reiterated in all his later writings on learning and human progress – is a program to re-channel that same creative energy into socially useful new discoveries. Though it is hard to pinpoint the birth of an idea, for all intents and purposes the modern idea of technological “progress” (in the with sense of a steady, cumulative, historical advance in applied scientific knowledge) began with Bacon’s The Advancement of Learning and became fully articulated in his later works. Knowledge is power, and when embodied in the form of new technical inventions and mechanical discoveries it is the force that drives history – this was Bacon’s key insight. In many respects this idea was his single greatest invention, and it is all the more remarkable for its having been conceived and promoted at a time when most English and European intellectuals were either reverencing the literary and philosophical achievements of the past or deploring the numerous signs of modern degradation and talk about your hometown essay, decline. Help Statistics For Dissertation. Indeed, while Bacon was preaching progress and declaring a brave new dawn of scientific advance, many of his colleagues were persuaded that the world was at best creaking along towards a state of senile immobility and eventual darkness. About. “Our age is questions research paper, iron, and rusty too,” wrote John Donne, contemplating the signs of universal decay in a poem published six years after Bacon’s Advancement . That history might in your hometown fact be progressive , i.e., an onward and upward ascent – and not, as Aristotle had taught, merely cyclical or, as cultural pessimists from Hesiod to Spengler have supposed, a descending or retrograde movement, became for Bacon an article of secular faith which he propounded with evangelical force and a sense of mission. In the Advancement , the idea is offered tentatively, as a kind of hopeful hypothesis. But in later works such as the New Organon , it becomes almost a promised destiny: Enlightenment and a better world, Bacon insists, lie within our power; they require only the cooperation of learned citizens and the active development of the arts and sciences.

h. Essays On Job Interviews. The Reclassification of Knowledge. In Book II of talk about your hometown De Dignitate (his expanded version of the Advancement ) Bacon outlines his scheme for essays media, a new division of human knowledge into three primary categories: History, Poesy, and Philosophy (which he associates respectively with the three fundamental “faculties” of mind – memory, imagination, and reason). Although the exact motive behind this reclassification remains unclear, one of its main consequences seems unmistakable: it effectively promotes philosophy – and especially Baconian science – above the talk essay other two branches of knowledge, in essence defining history as the research paper mere accumulation of brute facts, while reducing art and talk about essay, imaginative literature to research paper, the even more marginal status of “feigned history.” Evidently Bacon believed that in order for a genuine advancement of talk about essay learning to occur, the prestige of philosophy (and particularly natural philosophy) had to be elevated, while that of history and literature (in a word, humanism) needed to be reduced. Bacon’s scheme effectively accomplishes this by making history (the domain of fact, i.e., of everything that has happened ) a virtual sub-species of philosophy (the domain of realistic possibility, i.e., of amp effluvia media everything that can theoretically or actually occur ). Meanwhile, poesy (the domain of everything that is imaginable or conceivable ) is set off to the side as a mere illustrative vehicle. In essence, it becomes simply a means of recreating actual scenes or events from the past (as in history plays or heroic poetry) or of allegorizing or dramatizing new ideas or future possibilities (as in talk your essay Bacon’s own interesting example of “parabolic poesy,” the essays on job interviews New Atlantis .) To the second part of his Great Instauration Bacon gave the title New Organon (or “True Directions concerning the Interpretation of Nature”). Talk Hometown Essay. The Greek word organon means “instrument” or “tool,” and Bacon clearly felt he was supplying a new instrument for guiding and correcting the statistics for dissertation mind in its quest for talk your hometown, a true understanding of nature. The title also glances at Aristotle’s Organon (a collection that includes his Categories and for dissertation, his Prior and Posterior Analytics ) and thus suggests a “new instrument” destined to transcend or replace the older, no longer serviceable one. (This notion of surpassing ancient authority is your hometown essay, aptly illustrated on research the frontispiece of the 1620 volume containing the New Organon by a ship boldly sailing beyond the talk about hometown mythical pillars of Hercules, which supposedly marked the end of the known world.)

The New Organon is presented not in the form of a treatise or methodical demonstration but as a series of aphorisms, a technique that Bacon came to favor as less legislative and dogmatic and more in the true spirit of help with scientific experiment and critical inquiry. About Essay. Combined with his gift for illustrative metaphor and interview questions paper, symbol, the essay aphoristic style makes the New Organon in many places the interview most readable and literary of all Bacon’s scientific and philosophical works. In Book I of the New Organon (Aphorisms 39-68), Bacon introduces his famous doctrine of the “idols.” These are characteristic errors, natural tendencies, or defects that beset the talk about hometown mind and questions research paper, prevent it from achieving a full and accurate understanding of nature. Bacon points out that recognizing and counteracting the idols is as important to talk about essay, the study of nature as the recognition and refutation of bad arguments is to logic. Incidentally, he uses the word “idol” – from the Greek eidolon (“image” or “phantom”) – not in on global warming 6 the sense of a false god or heathen deity but rather in the sense employed in Epicurean physics. Thus a Baconian idol is a potential deception or source of misunderstanding, especially one that clouds or confuses our knowledge of external reality. Bacon identifies four different classes of idol.

Each arises from talk about essay, a different source, and each presents its own special hazards and difficulties. 1. The Idols of the Tribe. These are the natural weaknesses and tendencies common to human nature. Because they are innate, they cannot be completely eliminated, but only interest paper recognized and compensated for. Some of Bacon’s examples are: Our senses – which are inherently dull and talk hometown, easily deceivable. (Which is why Bacon prescribes instruments and for dissertation, strict investigative methods to correct them.) Our tendency to discern (or even impose) more order in phenomena than is actually there. As Bacon points out, we are apt to find similitude where there is actually singularity, regularity where there is talk about essay, actually randomness, etc. Our tendency towards “wishful thinking.” According to Bacon, we have a natural inclination to essays courage, accept, believe, and talk your hometown, even prove what we would prefer to be true. Our tendency to rush to conclusions and make premature judgments (instead of gradually and painstakingly accumulating evidence).

2. Questions Research. The Idols of the Cave. Unlike the idols of the tribe, which are common to all human beings, those of the cave vary from individual to individual. Talk About Your Hometown Essay. They arise, that is to say, not from nature but from culture and thus reflect the peculiar distortions, prejudices, and beliefs that we are all subject to owing to our different family backgrounds, childhood experiences, education, training, gender, religion, social class, etc. Examples include: Special allegiance to a particular discipline or theory. High esteem for interview questions research, a few select authorities.

A “cookie-cutter” mentality – that is, a tendency to reduce or confine phenomena within the talk about your hometown terms of our own narrow training or discipline. 3. On Global Warming 6. The Idols of the talk about essay Market Place. These are hindrances to clear thinking that arise, Bacon says, from the “intercourse and on global warming for class, association of men with each other.” The main culprit here is language, though not just common speech, but also (and perhaps particularly) the special discourses, vocabularies, and jargons of various academic communities and disciplines. He points out that “the idols imposed by words on the understanding are of two kinds”: “they are either names of things that do not exist” (e.g., the talk crystalline spheres of Aristotelian cosmology) or faulty, vague, or misleading names for things that do exist (according to Bacon, abstract qualities and value terms – e.g., “moist,” “useful,” etc. – can be a particular source of confusion). 4. Research Paper. The Idols of the Theatre. Like the idols of the cave, those of the theatre are culturally acquired rather than innate. About Hometown Essay. And although the metaphor of a theatre suggests an artificial imitation of truth, as in drama or fiction, Bacon makes it clear that these idols derive mainly from grand schemes or systems of philosophy – and especially from three particular types of philosophy: Sophistical Philosophy – that is, philosophical systems based only on a few casually observed instances (or on no experimental evidence at all) and thus constructed mainly out of abstract argument and with statistics, speculation. Hometown Essay. Bacon cites Scholasticism as a conspicuous example. Empirical Philosophy – that is, a philosophical system ultimately based on a single key insight (or on a very narrow base of research), which is then erected into essays courage, a model or paradigm to explain phenomena of all kinds.

Bacon cites the example of talk about essay William Gilbert, whose experiments with the statistics for dissertation lodestone persuaded him that magnetism operated as the hidden force behind virtually all earthly phenomena. Superstitious Philosophy – this is Bacon’s phrase for talk, any system of thought that mixes theology and philosophy. He cites Pythagoras and Plato as guilty of this practice, but also points his finger at essays courage, pious contemporary efforts, similar to those of talk hometown essay Creationists today, to found systems of natural philosophy on Genesis or the book of Job. At the beginning of the Magna Instauratio and in Book II of the New Organon , Bacon introduces his system of “true and perfect Induction,” which he proposes as the essential foundation of scientific method and a necessary tool for the proper interpretation of nature. Essays On Job. (This system was to have been more fully explained and demonstrated in Part IV of the Instauratio in a section titled “The Ladder of the Intellect,” but unfortunately the hometown work never got beyond an introduction.) According to on job interviews, Bacon, his system differs not only from the deductive logic and mania for syllogisms of the Schoolmen, but also from the classic induction of Aristotle and other logicians. As Bacon explains it, classic induction proceeds “at once from . Talk About Your. . . sense and interview, particulars up to the most general propositions” and then works backward (via deduction) to arrive at intermediate propositions. Thus, for about hometown, example, from a few observations one might conclude (via induction) that “all new cars are shiny.” One would then be entitled to proceed backward from this general axiom to deduce such middle-level axioms as “all new Lexuses are shiny,” “all new Jeeps are shiny,” etc. – axioms that presumably would not need to be verified empirically since their truth would be logically guaranteed as long as the original generalization (“all new cars are shiny”) is true. As Bacon rightly points out, one problem with this procedure is that if the research interest paper general axioms prove false, all the intermediate axioms may be false as well. All it takes is one contradictory instance (in this case one new car with a dull finish) and “the whole edifice tumbles.” For this reason Bacon prescribes a different path. His method is to proceed “regularly and gradually from one axiom to another, so that the most general are not reached till the last.” In other words, each axiom – i.e., each step up “the ladder of intellect” – is thoroughly tested by observation and your hometown, experimentation before the essay warming for class next step is taken.

In effect, each confirmed axiom becomes a foothold to talk about your, a higher truth, with the most general axioms representing the last stage of the process. Thus, in the example described, the Baconian investigator would be obliged to examine a full inventory of warming for class 6 new Chevrolets, Lexuses, Jeeps, etc., before reaching any conclusions about new cars in general. And while Bacon admits that such a method can be laborious, he argues that it eventually produces a stable edifice of knowledge instead of a rickety structure that collapses with the appearance of a single disconfirming instance. (Indeed, according to Bacon, when one follows his inductive procedure, a negative instance actually becomes something to be welcomed rather than feared. For instead of threatening an entire assembly, the discovery of a false generalization actually saves the investigator the trouble of talk about essay having to proceed further in a particular direction or line of essays on job interviews inquiry. Talk About Your. Meanwhile the structure of truth that he has already built remains intact.) Is Bacon’s system, then, a sound and reliable procedure, a strong ladder leading from carefully observed particulars to true and “inevitable” conclusions? Although he himself firmly believed in the utility and overall superiority of his method, many of his commentators and critics have had doubts. For one thing, it is interview, not clear that the Baconian procedure, taken by itself, leads conclusively to talk hometown, any general propositions, much less to scientific principles or theoretical statements that we can accept as universally true.

For at what point is the help Baconian investigator willing to make the leap from talk about hometown essay, observed particulars to abstract generalizations? After a dozen instances? A thousand? The fact is, Bacon’s method provides nothing to guide the investigator in this determination other than sheer instinct or professional judgment, and thus the tendency is for amp effluvia, the investigation of particulars – the about your hometown essay steady observation and collection of data – to go on continuously, and in on job interviews effect endlessly. One can thus easily imagine a scenario in talk which the piling up of instances becomes not just the initial stage in a process, but the very essence of the process itself; in effect, a zealous foraging after facts (in the New Organon Bacon famously compares the ideal Baconian researcher to a busy bee) becomes not only a means to knowledge, but an activity vigorously pursued for amp effluvia media, its own sake. Every scientist and academic person knows how tempting it is to put off the hard work of imaginative thinking in order to continue doing some form of rote research.

Every investigator knows how easy it is to about hometown, become wrapped up in data – with the unhappy result that one’s intended ascent up the Baconian ladder gets stuck in mundane matters of fact and never quite gets off the ground. It was no doubt considerations like these that prompted the English physician (and neo-Aristotelian) William Harvey, of circulation-of-the-blood fame, to quip that Bacon wrote of natural philosophy “like a Lord Chancellor” – indeed like a politician or legislator rather than a practitioner. The assessment is just to research interest, the extent that Bacon in the New Organon does indeed prescribe a new and extremely rigid procedure for the investigation of nature rather than describe the more or less instinctive and improvisational – and by no means exclusively empirical – method that Kepler, Galileo, Harvey himself, and other working scientists were actually employing. Talk Your Hometown. In fact, other than Tycho Brahe, the Danish astronomer who, overseeing a team of assistants, faithfully observed and amp effluvia, then painstakingly recorded entire volumes of astronomical data in tidy, systematically arranged tables, it is about essay, doubtful that there is another major figure in the history of science who can be legitimately termed an authentic, true-blooded Baconian. (Darwin, it is essays on job, true, claimed that The Origin of Species was based on your hometown “Baconian principles.” However, it is one thing to collect instances in order to research interest, compare species and show a relationship among them; it is quite another to theorize a mechanism, namely evolution by mutation and natural selection, that elegantly and powerfully explains their entire history and variety.) Science, that is to say, does not, and has probably never advanced according to the strict, gradual, ever-plodding method of Baconian observation and induction. It proceeds instead by unpredictable – and often intuitive and hometown, even (though Bacon would cringe at the word) imaginative – leaps and bounds.

Kepler used Tycho’s scrupulously gathered data to essays courage, support his own heart-felt and even occult belief that the movements of celestial bodies are regular and symmetrical, composing a true harmony of the spheres. Galileo tossed unequal weights from the Leaning Tower as a mere public demonstration of the fact (contrary to Aristotle) that they would fall at the same rate. He had long before satisfied himself that this would happen via the very un-Bacon-like method of mathematical reasoning and deductive thought-experiment. Harvey, by a similar process of quantitative analysis and deductive logic, knew that the blood must circulate, and it was only to about your hometown essay, provide proof of this fact that he set himself the secondary task of statistics for dissertation amassing empirical evidence and establishing the actual method by which it did so. One could enumerate – in true Baconian fashion – a host of further instances. But the point is already made: advances in scientific knowledge have not been achieved for the most part via Baconian induction (which amounts to a kind of systematic and exhaustive survey of nature supposedly leading to ultimate insights) but rather by shrewd hints and guesses – in a word by hypotheses – that are then either corroborated or (in Karl Popper’s important term) falsified by subsequent research.

In summary, then, it can be said that Bacon underestimated the role of imagination and hypothesis (and overestimated the value of minute observation and bee-like data collection) in the production of talk about your essay new scientific knowledge. Essay On Global Warming. And in this respect it is true that he wrote of science like a Lord Chancellor, regally proclaiming the benefits of his own new and talk about your hometown, supposedly foolproof technique instead of recognizing and adapting procedures that had already been tested and approved. On the other hand, it must be added that Bacon did not present himself (or his method) as the essays on job interviews final authority on the investigation of talk about your nature or, for that matter, on any other topic or issue relating to the advance of knowledge. By his own admission, he was but the Buccinator , or “trumpeter,” of such a revolutionary advance – not the founder or builder of a vast new system, but only the herald or announcing messenger of a new world to come. If anyone deserves the title “universal genius” or “Renaissance man” (accolades traditionally reserved for those who make significant, original contributions to more than one professional discipline or area of essay on global warming learning), Bacon clearly merits the designation. Like Leonardo and Goethe, he produced important work in both the arts and sciences. Like Cicero, Marcus Aurelius, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson, he combined wide and ample intellectual and literary interests (from practical rhetoric and the study of nature to moral philosophy and educational reform) with a substantial political career.

Like his near contemporary Machiavelli, he excelled in a variety of literary genres – from learned treatises to light entertainments – though, also like the great Florentine writer, he thought of himself mainly as a political statesman and practical visionary: a man whose primary goal was less to obtain literary laurels for himself than to mold the agendas and guide the policy decisions of talk about powerful nobles and heads of state. In our own era Bacon would be acclaimed as a “public intellectual,” though his personal record of service and authorship would certainly dwarf the achievements of help with statistics for dissertation most academic and political leaders today. Like nearly all public figures, he was controversial. His chaplain and first biographer William Rawley declared him “the glory of his age and nation” and portrayed him as an angel of enlightenment and social vision. His admirers in the Royal Society (an organization that traced its own inspiration and lineage to the Lord Chancellor’s writings) viewed him as nothing less than the daring originator of a new intellectual era. The poet Abraham Cowley called him a “Moses” and portrayed him as an exalted leader who virtually all by himself had set learning on a bold, firm, and entirely new path: Bacon at last, a mighty Man, arose. Whom a wise King and Nature chose. Lord Chancellour of both their Lawes. . . . The barren Wilderness he past, Did on the very Border stand. Of the about hometown great promis’d Land,

And from the Mountains Top of his Exalted Wit, Saw it himself and shew’d us it. . . . Similarly adulatory if more prosaic assessments were offered by learned contemporaries or near contemporaries from Descartes and Gassendi to interest paper, Robert Hooke and Robert Boyle. Leibniz was particularly generous and observed that, compared to Bacon’s philosophical range and lofty vision, even a great genius like Descartes “creeps on your hometown essay the ground.” On the other hand, Spinoza, another close contemporary, dismissed Bacon’s work (especially his inductive theories) completely and in effect denied that the warming 6 supposedly grand philosophical revolution decreed by Bacon, and welcomed by his partisans, had ever occurred. The response of the later Enlightenment was similarly divided, with a majority of thinkers lavishly praising Bacon while a dissenting minority castigated or even ridiculed him. The French encyclopedists Jean d’Alembert and Denis Diderot sounded the keynote of this 18th-century re-assessment, essentially hailing Bacon as a founding father of the modern era and emblazoning his name on the front page of the Encyclopedia . In a similar gesture, Kant dedicated his Critique of Pure Reason to Bacon and likewise saluted him as an early architect of modernity. Hegel, on the other hand, took a dimmer view. In his “Lectures on the History of Philosophy” he congratulated Bacon on talk about hometown essay his worldly sophistication and shrewdness of mind, but ultimately judged him to be a person of depraved character and a mere “coiner of essay for class 6 mottoes.” In his view, the Lord Chancellor was a decidedly low-minded (read typically English and utilitarian) philosopher whose instruction was fit mainly for “civil servants and shopkeepers.” Probably the fullest and most perceptive Enlightenment account of Bacon’s achievement and place in history was Voltaire’s laudatory essay in his Letters on the English . After referring to Bacon as the father of experimental philosophy, he went on to assess his literary merits, judging him to be an elegant, instructive, and witty writer, though too much given to talk about hometown essay, “fustian.” Bacon’s reputation and legacy remain controversial even today.

While no historian of science or philosophy doubts his immense importance both as a proselytizer on behalf of the empirical method and as an advocate of interview paper sweeping intellectual reform, opinion varies widely as to the actual social value and moral significance of the ideas that he represented and effectively bequeathed to us. The issue basically comes down to one’s estimate of talk about your essay or sympathy for the entire Enlightenment/Utilitarian project. Those who for the most part share Bacon’s view that nature exists mainly for human use and benefit, and who furthermore endorse his opinion that scientific inquiry should aim first and with statistics for dissertation, foremost at the amelioration of the human condition and the “relief of man’s estate,” generally applaud him as a great social visionary. On the other hand, those who view nature as an hometown, entity in its own right, a higher-order estate of essays courage which the human community is talk your essay, only a part, tend to perceive him as a kind of arch-villain – the evil originator of the idea of science as the instrument of global imperialism and technological conquest. On the interest paper one side, then, we have figures like the anthropologist and science writer Loren Eiseley, who portrays Bacon (whom he calls “the man who saw through time”) as a kind of about your Promethean culture hero. He praises Bacon as the great inventor of the idea of science as both a communal enterprise and a practical discipline in essays courage the service of humanity.

On the other side, we have writers, from talk about essay, Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Lewis Mumford to, more recently, Jeremy Rifkin and eco-feminist Carolyn Merchant, who have represented him as one of the main culprits behind what they perceive as western science’s continuing legacy of alienation, exploitation, and essays media, ecological oppression. Clearly somewhere in between this ardent Baconolotry on the one hand and strident demonization of Bacon on the other lies the real Lord Chancellor: a Colossus with feet of clay. He was by no means a great system-builder (indeed his Magna Instauratio turned out to about essay, be less of a “grand edifice” than a magnificent heap) but rather, as he more modestly portrayed himself, a great spokesman for the reform of learning and a champion of modern science. In the end we can say that he was one of the giant figures of intellectual history – and as brilliant, and flawed, a philosopher as he was a statesman. Note: The standard edition of paper Bacon’s Works and essay, Letters and warming for class, Life is still that of James Spedding, et. al., (14 volumes, London, 1857- 1874), also available in a facsimile reprint (Stuttgart, 1989).

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The Voice of Bob Marley’s Fussing and Fighting. The Voice of Bob Marley’s Fussing and Fighting. Need essay sample on talk your hometown essay, The Voice of Bob Marley’s Fussing and Fighting ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for essay for class you for only $12.90/page. “Swaddled in talk hometown, abstract ideas, convinced of their own righteousness, incapable of self-criticism, indifferent to accountability, they turned a difficult undertaking into a needlessly deadly one. When things went wrong, they found other people to blame.”

Every society and community, starting from the post-egalitarian group of people, contains and forms within them a body of people that will lead the help group in its way to survival. No matter how rudimentary this political body may be, its importance will always be noted. But the difference of such political bodies across the history lies in the fact that as societies evolve in complexity, so do the political bodies. Their concepts of rules, war and territorial boundaries develop as they acquire access to new resources or new technologies and methods. In effect, the repercussions of about your hometown essay their actions also increase in intensity. The above statement of George Packer (cited in Mason:2006) was intended to refer to the Iraqis for the longest time that their country was involved in various wars, combats or mass killings. In any nation, present are several institutions that come to play in molding its social structure. But if there is one institution that has been overly developed in today’s societies, it would probably be the amp effluvia military institution. With everyone protecting its territorial boundaries, natural resources and even its citizens from the watchful eyes of the predators and colonizers throughout the essay globe, a huge bulk of their nation’s financial budget is being allocated to help statistics for dissertation the development of the military force, be it the marine, the navy, the about armed forces or the police. Activities of these military forces inevitably lead to violence, one way or another.

Several motives are accountable for the development of violent acts. Some say more people have died because of religion than due to natural disasters; while others point their fingers to the angle of one country wanting the natural resources of another and the way they perceive to win over essays interviews such resources is initiating a war for colonialism purposes. The latter can be exemplified by about your hometown the case of the USA-Iraq war. The US military institution is probably the most developed one existing in this time. It occupies and forms numerous military bases and military alliances with different countries. The expenditures for military resources, although it varies according to the existing political system, have been larger than it was five years ago. Currently, it defines itself as engaging in a war against terrorism. (http://www.speedace.info/united_states_of_america_usa.htm) True enough, the President of the United States of America proudly puts his best foot forward as he brags about their concern to on job uplift the oppressive political regime existing in Iraq (or other countries) and to, as mentioned above, combat terrorism.

However, Packer (cited in Manson:2006) also pointed out how people, in their discussions regarding anti-war movements, seem to over simplify the talk essay oil motives of the US-Iraq conflict. Regardless of the genuine as opposed to the publicized reason for instigating war not just in Iraq but also in Afghanistan and for intervening with issues of Haiti, (http://www.speedace.info/united_states_of_america_usa.htm) massive portions of the population had been victimized and killed by such violence. Research! To add to this, it has been proven that war does not post an end to itself. Talk About Your! It even perpetuates itself by developing future chances of retaliation. The Journal Newspaper supported this as it reported that war has helped in the creation of Islamic radicalism and that the overall terrorist threat increased since the 9-11 incident. Essays Courage! (2006;page 14)

The Post-Colonial Era. Gathering colonies has been a major factor in the onset of war throughout history. Some use the colony’s citizens as slaves while others want the resources present in the geographical givens of their colonies. Although different, colonialism and terrorism can also be found in a common ground. Both of which, when powerful and talk about your hometown, intense enough to serve as reasons or motives, result to war as the for class 6 means to achieve the desired end/s. After years of battling it out your hometown essay with the colonizers, independence is a fruitful product of sweat and blood and of physical and mental efforts. But unfortunately, not all will be awarded with this. Media! However, even upon hometown achievement of a well-fought for independence, the post-colonial stage presents an adverse situation of getting things back on research, the right rhythm. If there is one characteristic present in various wars especially today, The Journal Newspaper points out that it is “the almost complete focus on the combat stages of the war and disregard for post-war planning.” (2006;page 14) Voices and Choices. Efforts are being made almost all over talk about hometown essay the world to send anti-war messages to the US government.

The biggest one, according to The Birmingham Post, is the “Peace Now” anti-war protest that rallied and shouted out their concerns across the White House as they pointed out their opinions against the policies of the Bush Administration. (2005;page 9) But, as it is, although much has been said through movements like this, people do not have enough power to counter the plans of those occupying the upper political echelon of the US government. In the first place, the government may not even be paying attention to the pleas of the interview paper people. Social movements are also manifested in various forms. It is not necessary that movements are confined in within the typical street assemblies and mobs like rallies and protests. The voices of the people can be directly expressed through battlecries, speeches or handheld signs. But they may also be conveyed through various forms of popular culture such as literature, art, music and dance among others. Popular culture includes the archetypal forms of media most accessible to the public. Talk Your Hometown! These may be used as vehicles to convey contextual ideologies of the essays courage time and place they were produced.

Hence, their existence and talk your essay, purpose may also go in a bi-directional way. Aside from for dissertation, their use as mediums of messages, they are also reflective of the talk hometown essay historical context happening at the time of their insemination. It is on job interviews recognizable that in any particular society, there is always a dominant ideology that reigns supreme over the others. Such dominant ideology, according to the Marxist point of view (Encanto: 2006), molds the mode of production being utilized by that society. More than this, the about your hometown essay dominant ideology is retained as the status quo because it is questions research perpetuated by about your popular culture. So, if the masses are oppressed by this set-up, it is likely that they will remain to do so for as long as the dominant ideology holds its position in the society.

The entrance of the period called Post-Modernism gave light to the oppressive presence of the on job interviews dominant ideology. In this school of thought, all views and perspectives, other than the dominant one, are recognized as existing and valid. Today, societies are more commonly adhering to the post modern thought. The Communist in Bob Marley. In expressing views and opinions of his time, probably the one of the most well-versed icons of popular culture, particularly music, related to your what’s happening in the USA as claimed above would be Bob Marley. Born in Trenchtown, he learned his music, history and religion here along the statistics for dissertation lines that “race and culture live together.” (Farred:2003) He grew up in a society believing that race and culture are actually different social concepts are mixed into about your hometown just one and on global warming 6, made to appear as if one is talk about your replaceable by the others. In effect, it bears the idea that a race or a culture is amp effluvia superior over about hometown the others. However, Marley thought so and acted otherwise. Marley introduced a brand of music called reggae music which is a combination of black American soul, African rhythms, drumming techniques and essays, a Caribbean twist. (ibid) Perhaps Marley achieved a status of a star and at the same time accomplishing the goal of spreading his native brand of music through out the world. Talk Your Essay! (http://www.completealbumlyrics.com/single/Bob.

In addition and more importantly, the beauty of Marley’s music resides not only in its unique rhythm, harmony and accompaniment but on amp effluvia, the lyrics as well. He used his gift of music not just for the sake of producing sound in itself but for talk hometown the purpose of capturing and expressing the social situation of Africa and its people. Research! His music represented the culture and the ideologies of his well-loved country. Spiritual influence was derived from the Rastafarianism religious belief where they gave breath once again to the idea that god is black and talk about your essay, that god is interest paper both human and divine. (Farred:2003) Indeed, Marley is a post-colonial, pro-communism/socialism artist. He featured the rights of the your hometown poor people in Third World counties as he aimed to move towards liberation from economic exploitation and oppression (ibid). Interest! He used his words to draw the image of the African life conditions.

He served as the poor people’s advocate and their hope for change. He expressed his opinion that peace is possible only talk your essay if people would stop perceiving some culture or race as superior over essays courage the other and when skin color becomes an irrelevant factor in life. (ibid) It is about essay as if Marley’s lyrics are not just advertisements and reflections of African way of research interest paper life but they also served as foundations of scenarios most likely to about your occur in their post-colonial future. Marley and Contemporary America. If the objective is to use Marley’s song to make sense of the American society of current age as described above, it is essays courage just fitting to use the 1973 song Fussing and Fighting.: “Why’s this fussing and a-fighting? I wanna know, Lord, I wanna know.

Why’s this bumping and essay, a-boring? I wanna know, Lord, I wanna know now. We should really love each other (love each other) In peace and warming, harmony (peace and harmony), ooh. Instead, we’re fussing and fighting (fussing and fighting) And them workin’ iniquity (… iniquity)

Why’s this fussing and a-fighting? I wanna know, Lord, I wanna know (… know), I wanna know now. Why’s this cheating and backbiting? (I wanna know …) I wanna know, oh, Lord, I wanna know now…” The song has no fancy rhythm and no complicated musical accompaniment. All it has with it is sheer and powerful set of talk your hometown essay lyrics, opinions and wishes. It carries a plain objective to express the intensity of his concern as evident in the way that he put a stress on some of the song’s lines. Drawing from the argument presented above that forms of popular culture are reflective of the social conditions at the time they were conceived, this song probably emerged when parts of the world were at war with each other. Happening at the dawn of the Post-Modern era, his close-to-being-radical songs were welcomed by the masses as something outside of the typical and dominant ideology of their times.

Noting the fact that his songs were geared towards liberating Africa, resistance paid less of an importance, if not negligible. Essays! He was welcomed with open arms and with great respect and admiration by people all over about your hometown essay the world. It was stipulated above that there are various explanations on what can be the force that drives the American government to pursue war against essays on job interviews, a number of countries. For the your hometown essay past 3 or more years, the United States of America has been producing a history filled with bombings, mass killings, violence and war. People around the essays courage world are witnesses to such, as reports and about hometown, news stories have always been available in essays amp effluvia, media forms accessible around the globe. Suicide bombings, deliberate killings, execution of Sadam Hussein, political interventions with other countries were among the occurrences that made this worldwide feat for peace and cooperation almost, if not really, next to never. With just a few lines, Marley clearly conveyed his message that, as it seems, is still applicable to the social conditions of America today.

Fussing and Fighting reflects an outsider’s point of view as he wondered why people engage in war and your essay, fighting when in essays amp effluvia media, fact a world full of essay love and peace is possible. It basically posted and essays on job interviews, continues to post a statement questioning the wide occurrence of violence and killing yesterday and today. It proved the fact that a lot of people realize the non-sense nature of violence and yet they still exist and still can’t eradicate or put an about end to them. He blurted out his message that there are people who can’t grasp the necessary understanding to essay on global 6 make sense of the things happening in the world. Applicable before and still applicable now, generalizations can be drawn to conclude that in societies across time and space, there always exists a wondering persona and someone who pleads for a stop in talk hometown essay, the political killings.

It just so happen that decades before the current, there was a man called Bob Marley who was brave enough to articulate his thoughts through a way that does not only made its mark during its own era but extending generations after it as well. Right from his first single called Judge Not (Farred:2003), his audience listened to his words and indeed, Marley’s presence has transcended beyond his life span. He may have died but he left a legacy that will always be socially relevant as long as politically greedy people exist in this world. In addition, his impact will always be valued until, using the thought of Karl Marx, the essay warming 6 dream for a communist society will take effect and will be realized. “Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior.

is finally and permanently discredited and your essay, abandoned, everywhere is war. Until there are no longer first class and second class citizens of any nation, Until the colour of a man’s skin is interest paper of no more significance than the colour of his eyes, there is war.” (ibid) Today, Marley serves as a pop icon for essay some who are not really familiar with his words and with what he has done. Reduced to being cultural symbols used aesthetically as designs in bags, button pins and in t-shirts, his sound is sometimes a mere beyond the mainstream type of essays media music. It is recognizable how people can be familiar with the face of Mr. Marley yet they fail to dig deeper in history to know what his life was all about. Through the music of Bob Marley, all hopes are aimed towards the realization that “viewed in the light of our own ideals, the right to essay life is so fundamental that killing the innocent to advance any purpose, however worthy, is wrong. (Savoy:2004) Encanto, G. (2004).

Constructing the on job Filipina: A History of talk your hometown essay Women’s Magazines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. Farred, G. Interviews! (2003). What’s My Name? Black Vernacular Intellectuals.Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. N.a. (2005, September 26). And in America. Talk Your Hometown! Biggest US Protest Since War Begun. The Birmingham Post, page 9.

N.a. Essays Courage! (2006). US Leak Backs Case against Iraq War. Hometown Essay! The Journal, page 14. Savoy, P. (2004). The Moral Case against the Iraq War: Viewed in on global, the Light of Our Own Ideals, the Right to Life Is So Fundamental That Killing the Innocent to Advance Any Purpose, However Worthy, Is Wrong.

The Nation, 278, page 16.

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How to Write a Comparative Essay? 9 steps. Guide for talk about, writing influential Comparative Essays with easy to understand instructions and compelling tips. This article includes 9 powerful steps and 6 incredible tips for helping you to write better Comparative essays. Comparative essays take readers into an analysis of help for dissertation, two sides. This article will provide comprehensive detailing on what makes a comparative essay. What is about your hometown, a Comparative Essay? As mentioned earlier, a comparative essay looks at comparing two separate items. Essays Courage! In reality a comparative essay both compares and contrasts both items against each other. Some of these items may include: Comparable events such as World War 1 and World War 2 Positions on a single issue such democracy in North and South Korea Statistics such as U.S. Talk About Essay! economic growth in 2008 and 2009 Literary characters such as Sherlock Holmes and help with statistics for dissertation, Hercule Poirot.

The purpose of the essay could be to discuss the common features of the opposing sides. It could also be about simply displaying the advantages and disadvantages of either side. It is a good idea to your hometown essay detail at the beginning of the essay what the content is meant to relay. That way the reader will be able to essays better follow the arguments and make easy sense of the piece. Talk About Hometown! Although there are no strict guidelines on how to format a comparative essay, the essay warming narrative should flow in talk about hometown, such a way that will allow the argument to unfold sensibly.

1. Determine that the essay will be comparative. In an research interest academic setting, a student may be asked to directly compare two items or left free to come to the conclusion that a comparative essay is what is needed. A student may also be given a specific consideration to compare such as the GDP growth statistics of two nations. They may however also be given free rein to compare the economic growth of the two nations allowing them to take into account other statistical information within this area such as unemployment and talk hometown, inflation rates. Before putting your reflections on how the two sides compare, it is a good idea to first define each side individually. Put in some research and look at research paper, each side objectively without judgements.

A short history on each side may be a helpful introduction into the comparative essay. Just as you define both sides individually, also take time to bring out why the two sides should be comparable. At this point you will also want to predetermine the specific areas that the essay will focus on. The reader will now be able to see what the points of interest will be. The writer can also take time to indicate areas that will be excluded from the argument. This is a chance to clearly state the talk about hometown essay reason for the comparison being conducted and what the writer expects to prove from the analysis of the two sides. It should tally with the description in media, the essay title. Talk Your Essay! Before tackling the main body of the help with comparative essay, it is a good idea to first make a list of the talk about hometown essay similarities and differences between the two opposing sides. Take notes of this analysis breakdown. The information gleaned from this stage is what will help fill out the main body of the text. From the comparison and contrasting done earlier, a writer can now put down their thesis statement.

There is usually one of two outcomes possible. Amp Effluvia Media! Either the differences outweigh the similarities or the similarities outweigh the differences. There are two main ways of arranging how the main part of your analysis will be laid out in the main body. The first option is the alternating pattern. Hometown Essay! In this arrangement, the writer goes into specific points one by one and plays them both sides. So for each point the writer examines the contribution from item A and essay on global for class 6, follows this with the talk about your essay contribution from item B. On Global For Class! Both are placed in one paragraph before moving on essay, to the next key point or contribution. For example when comparing the nutrient value of apples and oranges, the first paragraph could focus on whether they both contribute Vitamin A to the body and how this contributes to the consumers' health. The next paragraph would focus on Vitamin B and the body would progress in that manner.

The second way of structuring the body is interview questions paper, called the block method. Here the idea is to discuss each opposing side in its entirety before looking at the other. There are no direct comparisons made as with the alternating pattern, however the points may be arranged in talk about your essay, such a manner that the reader can clearly see how the comparisons were carried out. Essay On Global 6! Another way of showing the talk your comparisons is to make direct reference to the first item's analysis within the second item's argument. You can illustrate a similarity by pointing out 'Just as with item A, item B also . '. A disagreement could be shown by amp effluvia 'Unlike item A that . '. Hometown Essay! The alternating pattern is preferable because it is much easier to follow as the comparing and contrasting is done directly as pertains to each key point being covered. It illustrates how well the writer has explored each point and how it relates to the two subjects. It also ensures that no point is made without a comparison on the other end. Research Interest! This method is highly suitable for talk, academic papers as the professor/lecturer will be able to gauge the depth of analysis that has gone into the paper. The block method is more easily used where the two items being compared have very many similarities and using the alternating method will mean repeating one's sentences as they follow each other.

It is also useful if there are more than two subjects under comparison. Provide a very brief overview of the similarities and differences outlined in the main body. Essays! Ensure that the final conclusion draws to a close all the talk about information relayed in the main body. It should bring together all that you have illustrated. End with a firm judgment of your analysis. 1. Come up with key points and jot down your analysis of both sides. This makes it easier when working on essays courage, the main body as you only need to elaborate on your analysis of each point. 2. Be very clear on what you are analyzing. In academic papers you do not want to see a comment from your professor asking what exactly was under comparison.

Keep the chosen themes running throughout the paper. 3. About Your Hometown! Try not to repeat yourself. Essays Media! If the comparisons are proving to be similar in about your hometown, nature, use the block method when putting down your main body. 4. Provide a suitable title to your work and make sure the entire paper from the introduction to the conclusion flow sensibly. Let there be a logical sequence in your presentation. 5. Do not end your essay with the two subjects are similar yet different conclusion.

That shows a weak comparative analysis. 6. Try to media tackle each key point in a relaxed manner. Do not rush yourself or you are liable to provide jumbled or confusing information. Your Hometown! Try to keep it focused and sensible. May I know your favorite Comparative Essay Topic? I am feeling excited to read and reply your valuable comments. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by essays courage users like you.

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Home Town: Sample Answers and Topic Vocabulary for IELTS

essay on man themes Pope wrote his Essay on talk about essay Man in rhyming verse. On Global Warming. Certainly today, we think anybody that writes poetry is talk about your essay, one who is a bit odd, to say the least. Back in the eighteenth century, it was not so strange. Pope stated that he had two reasons for writing his essay in such a manner. First, he thought that principles, maxims, or precepts so written, both strike the reader more strongly at first, and are more easily retained by him afterwards. The second reason that Pope gave is that he thought that he could express himself more shortly this way than in prose itself. I here make comments about the research interest expressions and thoughts of Pope in his essay. About Hometown. I have quoted at length from his essay.

Certainly there is much I have left out, because, likely, certain verses referred to events, persons and things of the early eighteenth century which, quite frankly, I am unfamiliar with. Spattered throughout Pope's work are references to God and His great domain. Such references in the writings out of the eighteenth century are not strange. The livelihood of writers, by and large -- as was with the case of all artists back then -- depended almost entirely on the generosity of church and state, so it was necessary in those days that writers give due regard to religious authority. Research. Believing that if Pope were looking over my shoulder he would have no objection, I have left out talk religious epaulets. Within the first few lines, we see Pope wondering about the fruitlessness of life. We have no choice: we come to amp effluvia, it, look out and talk your essay then die. What we see as we look out on the scene of interview paper, man is a mighty maze!

But Pope does not think this complex of talk your hometown essay, existence is without a plan. Man might sort through the on job maze because he has a marvelous mental faculty, that of reason; man can determine the nature of the world in which he lives; he can see that all things have bearings, ties and strong connections and talk your hometown nice dependencies. He, who thro' vast immensity can pierce, See worlds on worlds compose one universe, Observe how system into system runs, What other planets circle other suns, Look'd thro'? or can a part contain the whole?

Is the great chain that draws all to agree, - And, drawn, supports - upheld by God or thee? In his next stanza, Pope makes reference to presumptuous man! Why should one be disturbed because he cannot immediately figure out all of the mysteries with which he is presented? It cannot be expected that one part of existence (man) should understand all the other parts, he then continues: As of thy mother Earth, why oaks are made. Taller or stronger than the media weeds they shade. And all that rises, rise in talk essay due degree; Then, in on global for class the sale of reas'ning life, 'tis plain. There must be, somewhere, such a rank as Man. When the dull ox, why now he breaks the clod, Is now a victim, and now Egypt's god, - Then say not Man's imperfect, Heav'n in talk your essay fault, - Say rather Man's as perfect as he ought:

His knowledge measur'd to his state and place, His time a moment, and a point his space. Pope continues with this theme into on global for class, his third stanza, in saying Heav'n from your, all creatures hides the book of fate, and continues: The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Had he thy reason, would he skip and amp effluvia play? Pleas'd to talk your essay, the last he crops the flow'ry food, And licks the hand just rais'd to shed his blood. Who sees with equal eye, as God of essays amp effluvia, all, A hero perish, or a sparrow fall,

Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd, And now a bubble burst, and now a world. Then giving way to his religious bent, makes reference to the great teacher Death and continues with his most famous lines: Hope springs eternal in the human breast; Man never is, but always to talk your hometown essay, be blest: The soul uneasy and media confin'd from home,

Rest and expatiates in a life to come. Next, Pope deals with native people of the uncivilized territories of the world, and how they do not get hung up on talk about such large questions as are expressed in Pope's essay: Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind. Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud Science never taught to stray. Far as the solar walk or milky way; Yet simple Nature to his hope has giv'n, Behind the cloud-topp'd hill, a humbler heav'n;

Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd, Some happier island in the wat'ry waste, Where slaves once more their native land behold, No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold! To be, contents his natural desire; He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire: But things, admitted to that equal sky,

His faithful dog shall bear him company. Next, we see Pope start to develop the theme that runs throughout his essay; man is part of essay 6, a larger setting, a part of nature. Man depends on talk about your nature for his very substance, and yet, treats her roughly. Destroy all creatures for essays on job interviews thy sport or gust, Yet cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjust; Ask for what end the heav'nly bodies shine,

Earth for whose use, Pride answers, 'Tis for mine! For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, Suckles each herb and spreads out ev'ry flow'r; Pope asserts that man is ruled from within, by his reason and by his passion. Better for us, perhaps, it might appear,

Were there are harmony, all virtue here; That never air or ocean felt the wind; That never passion discompos'd the mind. But all subsists by elemental strife; And passions are the elements of life. The gen'ral Order since the talk about essay whole began. Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man. Passion may be equated to instinct; and instinct is the sole guide of animals.

Instinct is all that animals need as evolution has fitted each animal to his home environment, unlike man who is in essays want of the strength of bulls, the fur of about essay, bears. Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force: All in exact proportion to the state; Nothing to add, and nothing to essays courage, abate. Each beast, each insect, happy in its own: Is Heav'n unkind to Man, and Man alone? Shall he alone, whom rational we call, Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless'd with all? Again, Pope emphasizes how nature all good and talk about your essay wise. and essays amp effluvia media what it gives, and your hometown essay what denies has perfected itself and many of questions research paper, its creations: The spider's tough how exquisitely fine! Feels at each thread, and lives along the about essay line:

In the nice bee, what sense so subtly true. From pois'nous herbs extracts the healing dew? In nature, we find life in a complete variety, - vast chain of being everything beast, bird, fish, insect. Or in the full creation leave a void, Where, one step broken, the great scale's destroy'd:

From Nature's chain whatever link you strike, Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike. The point, I think, is help, that there is a fearful balance of nature in all its variety, and we dare not destroy one aspect of nature for talk about your hometown fear of destroying the whole. All this dread order break - for whom? for thee? Vile worm! - oh madness! pride! impiety! In the last line of Pope's first epistle, he bangs home the importance of the ruling mind of nature, that while some parts might seem to paper, us to be absurd, it is part of the general frame that all of talk about your essay, nature, including ourselves, are but parts of one stupendous whole.

This whole body of essays, nature is through all life and hometown essay extends throughout all of the universe and help statistics operates unspent. Your Hometown Essay. Pope concludes his first epistle: Safe in the hand of one disposing Pow'r, Or in the natal, or the essays interviews mortal hour. All Nature is talk about your essay, but Art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see. All discord, harmony not understood, All partial evil, universal good: And, spite of pride, in erring reason's spite, One truth is clear, whatever is, is right.

Pope opens his second Epistle much the same as he opened his first. Essays Media. What is the function of man, positioned as he is somewhere between a god and a beast. Man, during that brief interlude between birth and death, experiences a chaos of talk your hometown essay, thought and essays passion, all confus'd. He finds on earth the Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all. Man's function, Pope concludes, is to make a proper study of mankind ; man is to know himself.

What man will come to know is that he is ruled by passion; passion is the talk about hometown ruler and reason it's counsellor. Alas what wonder! Man's superior part. Uncheck'd may rise and interview paper climb from talk hometown essay, art to art; But when his own great work is but begun, What Reason weaves, by Passion is undone. It is in the nature of man to with statistics for dissertation, first serve himself; but, on account of your hometown, reason, to amp effluvia media, do so with the long range in talk about your hometown view. Two Principles in human nature reign; Self-love, to urge, and Reason, to restrain;

Self-love still stronger, as its objects nigh; Reason's at distance, and in prospect lie: A person is driven by passion, driven by his desire for interview paper pleasure; temptation is strong and passion is thicker than arguments. However, a person soon learns through bitter experience that one cannot let his or her passions run wild. Attention, habit and experience gains; Each strengthens Reason, and Self-love restrains. Self-love and Reason to one end aspire, Pain their aversion, Pleasure their desire,

Pleasure, or wrong or rightly understood, Our greatest evil, or our greatest good. Passions, tho' selfish, if their means be fair, List under reason, and deserve her care. On life's vast ocean diversely we sail, Reason the card, but passion is the hometown essay gale;2. Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's smiling train, Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain, These mix'd with art, and to due bounds confin'd, Make and maintain the balance of the essay for class 6 mind:

Pope's theme is again repeated: the two driving forces of about your hometown, man are his reason and his passion. However, passion is the king and reason but a weak queen. What can she more than tell us we are fools? Teach us to mourn our nature, not to mend. A sharp accuser but a helpless friend! Reason (th' Eternal Art, educing good from ill) is not a guide but a guard. Passion is the mightier pow'r. Envy, Pope points out as an aside, is something that can be possessed only by those who are learn'd or brave.

Ambition: can destroy or save, and makes a patriot as it makes a knave. With Pope's thoughts, it soon becomes clear one should not necessarily consider that envy and ambition are in themselves wrong. They are moving forces in a person and if properly guided, can serve a person well. As, in some well-wrought picture, light and shade. And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice, Where ends the virtue, or begins the vice. And virtuous and vicious ev'ry man must be, Few in the extreme, but all in the degree; Each person is driven by self-love, but on the same occasion each on essays courage the other to depend, a master, or a servant, or a friend, bids each on talk hometown other for assistance call. Interviews. Each person seeks his own happiness, seeks his own contentment; each is proud in what he or she has achieved, no matter what another person might think of talk about your essay, those achievements. Whate'er the passions, knowledge, fame, or pelf,

Not one will change is neighbour with himself. The learn'd is happy nature to explore, The fool is happy that he knows no more; The rich is on global, happy in the plenty given, The poor contents him with the talk about care of Heaven, See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing. The sot a hero, lunatic a king;

The starving chemist in his golden views. Supremely bless'd, the poet in his Muse. None of us should be critical of another person's choice in paper life, who is to know it is talk hometown essay, right. Behold the child, by nature's kindly law, Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw:

Some livelier plaything give his youth delight, A little louder, but as empty quite: Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage, And beads and prayer-books are the toys of age: Pleased with this bauble still, as that before, Till tired he sleeps, and on global 6 life's poor play is about, o'er. Pope returns, in his third Epistle, to interview questions, his ever present theme, all is talk about hometown essay, natural in nature and essays on job interviews man is a part of nature. He first observes how plastic nature is, how everything is dependant on one and the other, is attracted to one and the other, down even to single atoms. Everything it's neighbour to embrace. (While Pope did not do so, he might just as easily have observed that things in nature repel one another, equally so. All things, in the final analysis, are held in the balance, suspended, so it seems, between the two great forces of attraction and repulsion.) All forms that perish other forms supply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die) Like bubbles on the sea a matter borne,

They rise, they break, and to that sea return. Nothing is foreign; parts relate to whole: Then, Pope picks up once again his theme of the ruling principles, reason and passion. Here in his third Epistle, he refers to instinct as the unerring guide that reason often fails us, though sometimes serves when press'd. Talk About Hometown Essay. But honest instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to essays courage, o'ershoot, but just to about your hometown essay, hit, While still to wide or short is essays, human wit;

Sure by quick nature happiness to gain, Which heavier reason labour at in vain. Instinct can be seen at work throughout nature, for example, Who make the spider parallels design . without rule or line? Not just the spider does things by instinct, man does. Your Hometown. The obvious example is his artistic work, but our instincts serve us on a much broader range. Essay Warming 6. Think! And you will wonder about many of the daily things that are done, automatically it seems. Talk. What, exactly, is essays on job interviews, it that prompts us to do things. Who calls the talk about your hometown essay council, states the certain day, Who forms the essays courage phalanx, and your hometown essay who points the way? Pope then comes to a rather critical passage in his essay, when he deals with family units in the animal kingdom versus human beings.

The fact of the matter is, family units do not count for much in the animal kingdom, at essays interviews any rate, not for long. However, family connections for talk hometown human beings extend over a long period, indeed, over a lifetime. I would observe that it is an evolutionary development, needed because of the long time required before a child passes into adulthood. These family feelings are important for the development and cohesion of the family, but not necessarily good when extended to the larger group, society as a whole (this is interview research, a theme that I have developed elsewhere (EconEcon.doc) and which someday I hope to put up on the 'net.). Thus beast and bird their common charge attend, The mothers nurse it, and the sires defend:

The young dismiss'd to wander earth or air, There stops the talk essay instinct, and there ends the help with care; The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace, Another love succeeds, another race. A longer care man's helpless kind demands; That longer care contracts more lasting bands: Reflection, reason, still the your essay ties improve, At one extend the interest, and the love;

With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn; Each virtue in with each passion takes its turn; And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise. That graft benevolence on charities. Still as one brood, and talk hometown essay as another rose, These natural love maintain'd, habitual those:

The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect man, Saw helpless from research paper, him whom their life began: Memory and forecast just returns engage; That pointed back to youth, this on to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combined, Still spread the interest, and your hometown preserved the on job kind. Pope then, continuing with his third Epistle, returns to talk about hometown essay, his principle and the power of nature. Essays Courage. Nature is a driving gale, a fact which can be observed in about your hometown the voice of nature and help with statistics which we can learn from the birds and the beasts. It was the power of nature that built the talk hometown essay ant's republic and on job the realm of talk your hometown essay, bees. Pope observes anarchy without confusion.

Their separate cells and properties maintain. Mark what unvaried laws preserve each state;- Laws wise as nature, and as fix'd as fate. In vain thy reason finer webs shall draw; Entangle justice in her net of law; And right, too rigid, harden into essay, wrong, Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong.

Yet go! and thus o'er all the talk your hometown creatures sway; Thus let the wiser make the rest obey; And for those arts mere instinct could afford, Be crown'd as monarchs, or as gods adored. It is the amp effluvia media same voice of nature by which men evolved and cities were built, societies were made. That while men in the gradual and slow build-up ravished one another with war, it was commerce that brought about civilization. Men came to new countries with war-like intentions, but soon became friends when they realized there was much more profit in trade. When love was liberty, and nature law: Thus states were form'd; the name of king unknown,

Till common interest placed the sway in one. 'Twas Virtue only, or in arts or arms, So, it was trade that built civilizations, and Pope observes, that it was tradition that preserves them. Convey'd unbroken faith from sire to son; The worker from the work distinct was known, Then, continuing in this historical vein, Pope deals with the development of government and of laws. So drives self-love, through just and through unjust. To one man's power, ambition, lucre, lust:

The same self-love, in your all, becomes the research paper cause. Of what restrains him, government and talk your laws: For, what one likes if others like as well, What serves one will, when many wills rebel? How shall we keep, what, sleeping or awake,

A weaker may surprise, a stronger take? His safety must his liberty restrain: All join to essay, guard what each desires to gain. Forced into talk your, virtue thus by essays on job self-defence, Ev'n kings learn'd justice and benevolence: Self-love forsook the path it first pursued, And found the your essay private in the public good. 'Twas then, the studious head or generous mind, Follower of God or friend of human-kind, Poet or patriot, rose but to interest, restore. The faith and moral Nature gave before;

Relumed her ancient light, not kindled new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew; Taught power's due use to talk, people and to kings; Taught not to slack nor strain its tender strings; The less or greater set so justly true, That touching one must strike the other too; Till jarring int'rests of themselves create.

Th' according music of a well-mix'd state. Such is the research world's great harmony, that springs. From order, union, full consent of things: Where small and great, where weak and mighty made. To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade; More pow'rful each as needful to the rest, And in talk hometown essay proportion as it blesses, blest; Draw to one point, and to one centre bring.

Beast, man, or angel, servant, lord, or king. Pope makes a side observation that while government is on job interviews, necessary, its form is of less importance, what is important, is a good administration: For forms of government let fools contest; Whate'er is best administer'd is about your, best: Pope then concludes in his third Epistle, emphasizing that regard for oneself and his family has to be different than regard for the whole of society, that nature link'd the essays courage gen'ral frame and bade self-love and social be the talk about your hometown essay same. In his last Epistle on the Essay of help with for dissertation, Man, Pope deals with the subject of talk your hometown, happiness. It may be any one of a number of things, it depends on the person: good, pleasure, ease, content! whatever thy name. That happiness as a plant of celestial seed will grow, and if it doesn't, one should not blame the soil, but rather the way one tends the soil. Though man may well seek happiness in many quarters, it will only be found in nature.

Man should avoid extremes. He should not go about in life trusting everything, but on interest the same occasion neither should he be a total skeptic. Take Nature's path, and made Opinion's leave; All states can reach it and all heads conceive; Obvious her goods, in no extreme they dwell; There needs but thinking right, and meaning well;

And mourn our various portions as we please, Equal is common sense, and common ease. To Pope, pleasure does not last, it sicken, and all glories sink. To each person comes his or her share and talk hometown who would more obtain, Shall find the help statistics pleasure pays not half the pain. Your Hometown Essay. To be rich, to be wise: these are both laudable goals and a person looking about will always be able to research interest paper, find others who have riches and wisdom in varying degrees, but it cannot be concluded to any degree that they are happy. Happiness comes when one has health, peace, and your hometown competence. It is not clear to me from Pope's lines how one might secure peace and competence; health, he says, consists with temperance alone. It is in the nature of man to attempt to change things; he is essays courage, never happy with things as he finds them; never happy with his fellow man; never happy with the world about him.

We forever strive to make things perfect, a state that can hardly be define in human terms. Those that reflect on man's condition will soon have Utopian dreams. Essay. But still this world, so fitted for the knave, Contents us not. Essay Warming For Class. A better shall we have? A kingdom of the just then let it be: But first consider how those just agree. The good must merit God's peculiar care; But who but God can tell us who they are? It all too often appears to us that virtue starves, while vice is fed. One might wish for man to about your hometown essay, be a God and for earth to research interest, be a heaven, both God and heaven coming from the imaginations of talk your essay, man.

But, Pope concludes: 'Whatever is, is right.' -- This world, 'tis true. Of fame, Pope says, it is but a fancied life in others' breath . All that we feel of it begins and ends in the small circle of statistics, our foes and friends . It will get you nothing but a crowd of stupid starers and of loud huzzas. Of wisdom, Pope attempts a definition and points out how often the wise are bound to trudge alone with neither help nor understanding from your hometown, his fellow man. In parts superior what advantage lies! Tell, for you can, what is it to be wise? 'Tis but to know how little can be known ; To see all others' faults, and feel our own: Condem'd in business or in arts to drudge, Without a second, or without a judge: Truths would you teach, or save a sinking land?

All fear, none aid you, and few understand. And so we arrive at the last of Pope's lines. Essay On Global For Class. Show'd erring Pride, WHATEVER IS, IS RIGHT; That Reason, Passion, answer one great aim; That true Self-love and Social are the same . 1 The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope which includes Dr.

Johnson's 65 page biography on Pope, Essay on Man (31 pp.); Essay on Criticism (17 pp.), Rape of the talk Lock (19 pp.), The Dunciad (31 pp.). Essays Courage. My vintage copy has within it two frontispiece Steel Engravings (Philadelphia: Hazard, 1857). 2 Here, again, we see Pope refer to the analogy of the talk about your hometown sailing ship on the sea finding its way only essays media, with compass (card) for direction and the wind in the sails to drive the vessel along.