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Book Report Alternative: Writing Resumes for Characters in Historical Fiction. Historical fiction transports its readers back in time with the characters. Readers can feel as if they are experiencing life vicariously with the characters in these novels. Essay! Invite your students to engage even more with the characters and setting of the historical fiction that they read by helping a character from their reading choose and apply for a job. What would it be like to of a business search for orwells essay a job in the past? What qualifications would be needed? Students explore help wanted ads, in print and online, to famous essays see what employers want. Orwells Essay! Then, students draft a resume so their characters can apply for jobs. Historical Fiction Novels : This sheet features a list of dozens of historical fiction novels. The traditional book report rarely gives students the opportunity to move beyond summary to engage with the book and respond analytically or in thesis on ufone any detail. Chris Crowe warns teachers: Forget traditional book reports.

Kids hate them, and orwells essay, you'll hate reading them, in part because they're inherently boring and in application essay part because it is orwells essay, impossible to tell whether or not your students actually read the books they will have written their reports on (151). Diana Mitchell offers similar advice: Students tire of responding to novels in the same ways. They want new ways to essays think about orwells a piece of literature and new ways to dig into it (92). What teachers need, Mitchell suggests, are book report alternatives that whet the interest of students in the american and nature exploring new directions and in responding with greater depth to the books they read (92). Crowe, Chris. Young Adult Literature. English Journal 90.1 (September 2000): 149-51.

NCTE/IRA NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to essay build an understanding of texts, of best essay, themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of essay, society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to famous essays build an understanding of the many dimensions #40;e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic#41; of human experience. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features #40;e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics#41;. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language #40;e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary#41; to essay communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for famous satirical essays different purposes. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes. Students apply knowledge of essay, language structure, language conventions #40;e.g., spelling and punctuation#41;, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. Students use a variety of technological and information resources #40;e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video#41; to gather and synthesize information and to create and cost business plan, communicate knowledge. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.

Students use spoken, written, and visual language to orwells accomplish their own purposes #40;e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information#41;. The Resume Handbook: How to Write Outstanding Resumes Cover Letters for Every Situation (Resume Handbook, 4th Ed) by Arthur D. Rosenberg, et al. Resume for Sarah Elisabeth Wheaton. Before this lesson, students will read a book independently, in literature circles, or as a whole class. analyze a historical fiction novel for explicit and implicit information about a character. Introduce the assignment to students: What if a character from application, your book came to you and asked you to help write a resume so he or she could apply for a job? What would you need to know to orwells help that character? You would need to know that character’s skills, knowledge, and personality traits. You would also need to know the specifics about the job they are looking for. On Microsft Security! Share additional details about the assignment using the interactive Writing Resumes for Fictional Characters. Use books, Web resources, and collected resumes to share more details about the different types of resumes.

If desired, go over essay the components of a resume in more detail, using the Resume Workshop, from who wrote essays called the american and nature, Purdue OWL. Invite students to explore the sites further on essay their own, but note that the of a plan resources are geared toward an older audience. The resources include sample resumes. Distribute the Resume Component Checklist. Orwells Essay! Have students mark out any components that they wish to omit from their characters’ resumes.

Have the students write a resume to get promoted to the next grade level. Have teachers from the next level provide feedback. Best Application Essay! Informal feedback can come from orwells essay, students who respond to the character resumes and then search out the related book is excellent feedback for students. You might make arrangements with your school library to parts term display copies of the resumes in a notebook. Students looking for something to read can then browse through the notebook for orwells suggestions.

In this alternative to the traditional book report, students report on their novel choices using Facebook-like pages. In this alternative to the traditional book report, students respond to a play they have read by papers creating a resume for one of essay, its characters. Papers Windows! To prepare for literature circles featuring historical novels, students research the decades of the 1930s to the 1990s and orwells, share their information using Prezi, a web application for creating multimedia presentations. Students identify the elements of application, fiction in a book they have read and share summaries of them by writing and illustrating their own mini-book. Students respond to a book they have read by thinking symbolically to create a business card for orwells one of the characters. Students make bookmarks on computers and share their ideas with other readers at their school, while practicing summarizing, recognizing symbols, and writing reviews—all for an authentic audience. Students select a book to read based only on its cover art.

After reading the book, they use an interactive tool to create a new cover for it. Cost! Students explore book covers of a variety of books then create a new cover for orwells a book they have read. Students must think critically to create comic strips highlighting six important scenes from a book they have read. Students explore familiar literary characters, usually first encountered as adults, but whose childhood stories are only parts term paper, told later. Students then create childhoods for adult characters from books of their choice. Students write a persuasive letter to the editor of a newspaper from a selected fictional character#039;s perspective, focusing on a specific issue or situation explored in the novel. Students select a job listing for a character in orwells essay a book they have read, then create a resume and application letter for that character. Comic frames are traditionally used to illustrate a story in a short, concise format. In this lesson, students use a six-paneled comic strip frame to create a story map, summarizing a book or story that they#039;ve read.

Each panel retells a particular detail or explains a literary element #40;such as setting or character#41; from the story. Students celebrate a novel they have read and get hands-on experience with technical writing by creating a board game based on the novel and writing the instructions for best it. In this alternative book report, students identify the orwells essay elements of fiction in papers windows books they have read by creating glogs, interactive multimedia posters, and then share their glogs. Grades 9 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing. This tool guides students through the orwells creation of best application essay, a resume that can be saved and edited. Written and audio tips provide extra support. Students explore the genre of historical fiction by writing original works and comparing all of the finished pieces. Grades 7 12 | Calendar Activity |nbsp August 29. Students write original short works of orwells essay, historical fiction in verse format, modeling the style Hesse used to write Out of the Dust . Offers 50 diverse suggestions intended to offer students new ways to think about a piece of literature, new directions to explore, and ways to respond with greater depth to the books they read. Professional Library | Journal. In this article, Versaci details the many merits of using comics and graphic novels in the classroom, suggests how they can be integrated into historical and social issues units, and recommends several titles. © 2017 IRA/NCTE.

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Oracle Apps Manufacturing Resume Sample. Functional Consultant Oracle Applications Specialist with 11+ years of business and IT experience. Orwells! ERP Analyst with 7 years of experience in manufacturing and distribution modules of thesis on ufone Oracle Applications. Five full cycle implementation at orwells essay, manufacturing sites (USA) using Oracle apps R12 and 11i various modules. Skilled in cost business, Identifying and Analyzing Business Requirements , Solution Design, Gap Analysis , Business Process Mapping, Application configuration, Data Conversion and Validation, Customization and orwells Localization, System and Integration Testing, User Acceptance and Training. Expertise and implementation experience in Oracle ERP Inventory (INV), Bills of essays called the american and nature Material (BOM), Work in Process (WIP), Advance supply chain planning (ASCP), Manufacturing Scheduling /MRP, Warehouse Management (WMS) , Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA), Engineering (ENG), Cost management (CST), Quality (QA), E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES), Approvals Management (AME), Order Management (OM), Purchasing (PO), Depot Repair (CSD). Functional expertise in essay, Report, Interfaces, Conversions and Extensions (RICE) Component.

Discoverer Configuration. Good working experience in business plan, Demantra Demand Management, Oracle Configurator, I-Supplier, I-Procurement, Advanced Product Catalog (APC), Oracle Workflow, XML Publisher. Solution design for orwells, Business Flows and Functions such as Design to Release , Forecast to Plan , Plan to Schedule , Schedule to Build , Quality management, Product Costing to Inventory Valuation , Inventory Count to Reconciliation , Plan to best application essay, Replenish, Procure to orwells, Pay , Internal Requisition to Deliver, Requisition to Receipt, Supplier Return, Order to Shipment, Assemble to research windows, Order to Shipment , Available to Promise , Service Request to Resolution, Repair process , Period End Close and Reporting. Conversant with ‘Oracle - AIM’, ‘Oracle Accelerator’ ‘GE Healthcare - IMPRD’ Implementation Methodology. Oracle Business Accelerator-R12 certified. Project management. Experienced in managing offshore support team. Excellent communication documentation skill. Tools/Packages Oracle applications R12, 11i, 11 10.7, Oracle Accelerator, Oracle UPK, Discoverer, Bartender, Intermec- labelshop pro, Data Loader, Toad, SQL*Loader, SQL*Plus, Open Interface API , Quality Center, QTP, PVCS, e-Library, Workflow Builder, MS Project, OpenProj, MS office, Visio.

Programming Language PL/SQL, SQL, HTML, XML. Operating Systems Windows Vista/XP/2000/NT, UNIX (SUN Solaris), DOS. Databases Oracle 10g, 9i, 8i, 8.x, 7.x and MS Access. Oracle 11i Implementation, GE Healthcare - GSC, Milwaukee, WI Feb 2009 Present. Global Service Center (GSC) of GEHC is the world’s leading Service business of orwells essay medical diagnostic imaging equipment, including conventional and digital x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, ultrasound, positron emission tomography and nuclear medicine. GSC implementing Oracle Applications to automate entire repair process.

As a SME I implemented Depot Repair, INV, BOM, WIP, PO, OM, CST and Quality module. Key initiatives are streamline the Return Repair process, Exchange Loaner process, Asset Recovery process, Item attribute- service and template set-up , Non-standard job configuration , Productivity repair cost analysis, Repair part testing and quality data collection, Repair process holds, Repair BOM and cost of a business Routing, Quality collection plans and collection element setup, label printing bar code deployment for repair process, Product cost mapping, Purchasing Position Hierarchy and approval route configuration, Shipping network set-up, Shelf life management, Cycle count Physical count setup, Solution design document, Reporting requirements. Requirement collection evaluation. Essay! Scope determination. Gap Analysis and Resolution.

Prepared Design functional specification document for parts academic, new business processes. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules like CSD, INV, BOM, WIP, CST, PO, OM and orwells essay Quality. Integrated Order Management with Depot Repair to create RMA and Sales Orders, validate customer accounts, and thesis on ufone invoice customers for repairs. Integrated Quality with WIP PO to capture Quality data during repair inspection process. Defined various repair types like Repair and essay Return, Loaner, Exchange, Advance Exchange, Replacement etc to thesis on ufone, support different business processes. Configured quality collection plans to orwells essay, capture critical element as per repair test plan for specific item.

Displayed alert massage for thesis on ufone, specifications and errors. Configured Purchasing options, Receiving Options, Purchasing Approval Groups, Buyers, Jobs, Position Hierarchy, Assignment set, Sourcing Rules and orwells essay the Approved Supplier list. Form Personalization to who wrote essays called and nature, trigger custom label. Evaluated/demonstrated E-Records and essay E-Signatures (ERES) to meet FDA compliance requirements. Data Migration Validation strategy. Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Designed customized reports Bar code labels. Bar Code printer deployment. Coordinated between the business and application essay the technical team members through the orwells essay, solution delivery process.

Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by scholar and nature testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Conducted CRP, User Acceptance Test User Training. Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10.2. Oracle R12 implementation, Escalade Inc, Evansville, IN Jan 2008 Feb 2009. ERP Specialist - MFG SC. Escalade Inc is a manufacturer and distributor of orwells sporting goods and thesis on ufone office/graphic arts products through two wholly owned subsidiaries: Escalade Sports and Martin Yale. As a SME I implemented INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, CST, PO and Quality across multiple sites in orwells essay, US, Mexico Europe using Oracle Business Accelerator. Key initiatives are Planning and scheduling configuration , Integration with Demantra forecast model, Constrained Planning configuration, Available to promise (ATP) configuration, Build to of a business, Order process set-up, RF Scanner, label printing bar code process deployment for manufacturing, receiving and orwells shipping, Super market setup, WMS org configuration , Put away and Cross Docking rule set-up, MSCA GUI configuration, PTO Kit set-up, Direct Indirect cost mapping, Return Repair process, Set-up for Demo Trade-show inventory, NPI and ECO process, Purchasing approval hierarchy configuration , Auto create purchase requisition from planning workbench, Cycle count and Physical count setup, OSP and Drop-ship process, Quality collection plans and collection element set-up, Engineering, Production Purchasing hold, Scrap calculation, XML and Discoverer reports, Workflow configuration, Scrap calculation, Data migration from AS400 to oracle, Training and thesis on ufone change management. Collected business requirement by orwells essay interviewing client team across multiple sites.

Reviewed business process documents. Accountable for providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of findings. Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared functional specifications use-case document for thesis on ufone, new or modified business processes. Conducted work sessions to orwells essay, capture required input for Accelerator questionnaire.

Configured Production and Test instance using Accelerator advance setup template. Configuration Tool runs issues resolved and validated base set-up. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, PO, CST and essays Quality. Integrated Quality with WIP and Purchasing to capture Quality data during manufacturing, receiving and essay return process. Mapped Non conformance, disposition, skip lot inspection processes. Data Migration strategy. Prepared CV060/CV040 - Conversion specification documents, Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Supported conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, Price list, On hand.

Designed customized reports Bar code labels and called prepared specification documents. Integrated testing with Bartender S/W label printer. Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals. Barcode scanning process deployment for orwells essay, MFG, Receiving Shipping area. Used Oracle UPK to prepare training manuals, user training document work instruction sheet. Helped with security, Oracle responsibilities, alerts, workflow approvals and system privileges.

Identified and thesis on ufone analyzed non-functional requirements such as system performance, usability, reliability, adaptability, security, and other operational aspects. Coordinated between the business and orwells essay the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by of a testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP, User Acceptance Test, end user training. Go Live. Production Support Implementation issues, Training, Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications R12.0.4. Oracle Apps, Cummins Power Generation, Fridley, MN Jul 2007 Jan 2008. Cummins Power Generation is a global provider of essay power generation systems, components and services in famous satirical essays, standby power, distributed power generation, as well as auxiliary power in mobile applications. As a Solutions Architect designed and deployed ‘Cummins Annual Operating Plan automated processes, solution that integrate IT and business process to support strategic business information needs.

Oracle solution primarily involves Oracle Inventory, Work in essay, Process, Bills of Material Cost management. In order to prepare the annual operating plan (AOP) for best application essay, Cummins line of business (commercial, consumer Electronic) it is imperative to orwells essay, understand the impact of papers windows impending cost changes to the sellable products. Variation between the estimated total product cost planned in the AOP and actual total product cost resulting from cost roll should ideally be zero. To estimate the impact of cost change variance as early as possible in orwells, AOP process, a custom functionality ‘Tool Reports’ blended with standard oracle process got designed and deployed. Requirements definition evaluation: functions and features. Prepared business use case, functional and technical design specifications document. Solution design for AOP automated tool and parts academic paper reports. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the essay, solution delivery process. Identified operational inefficiencies and papers integration issues. Suggested alternative solution. Prioritization and orwells essay assignment of parts academic term development activities to offshore team.

Specification documents for reports customizations. Designed deployed customized reports. Prepared test script, user training document and work instruction sheet. Conducted integrated testing and orwells UAT. Analyzed data issues and best application essay resolved problems. Supported development and execution of deployment plan. Environment : Oracle Applications 10.7.

Achievement : Year 2007 AOP variation was $15.7 million. Orwells Essay! After AOP automated tool deployment, 2008 variation is virtually Zero. Oracle 11i Roll-out, USG Interiors Inc, Greenville, MS Mar 2007 - Jun 2007. USG is a leading manufacturer of building materials for the construction and term remodeling industries. As an orwells essay ERP analyst rolled out Oracle Inventory, Bills of papers on microsft security Material, Work in essay, Process, Warehouse Management and Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA) and cost modules at USG plant. Key initiatives were Item attributes, template, categories configuration, RF Scanner and bar code process deployment, WMS Org configuration, WMS Rules set-up, Receiving manufacturing transactions on RF scanner, New product introduction (NPI), cycle count set-up, Work Order-less Completions and return process, Scrap calculation , Production Reporting and thesis on ufone Reconciliation, product cost mapping , Custom reports. Requirement collection evaluation. Orwells Essay! Scope determination. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. Gap Analysis and best essay Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and orwells production environment.

Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals for essays the american scholar and nature, manufacturing and inventory transactions. Prepared test plans, user training document work instruction sheet. Designed implemented customized reports/labels required by users. Integrated testing with bar code S/W label printer. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended Supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by testing and orwells troubleshooting functional issues.

Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP , User Acceptance Test , end user training and Go Live. Production Support roll-out issues , Training, Month end activities. Environment: Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at Datex-Ohmeda Inc, Laurel, MD Oct 2005 - Feb 2007. Manufacturing Functional Lead. Datex-Ohmeda Inc is implementing Oracle Applications Suite of software to scholar, meet its e-business vision. As a Function Lead implemented Oracle INV, BOM, WIP, ENG, MS/MRP, PO, ERES and orwells essay AME at Laurel plant. Key initiatives were to configure Planning, Inventory Min-Max planning, SMI material through Kanban Replenishment, cycle count physical count set-up, OSP process, Shelf life item management. Super market setup (Lean MFG) to best, streamline material handling, ERES deployment across oracle modules, ATO PTO, Approval hierarchy set-up, Data migration from legacy system to oracle. Coordinated with technical team for customization, third party system integrations (e-Matrix, GXS- supplier portal, BI Reports-Cognos), SOX compliance.

Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Gap Analysis and Resolution. Accountable for orwells, providing leadership and paper facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of essay findings. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in famous essays, development and production environment.

Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40, Data Validation Load file preparation. Deployed ERES AME framework to orwells, achieve FDA compliance for required business transactions. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces/Data Loader. Conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, On handetc. Error resolution. Designed customized reports Bar code labels required by who wrote called the american users. Orwells! Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live.

Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to of a, End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for essay, test case management and on microsft defect tracking. Prepared Test Plan, Training Documents and work instructions. User training and essay User Acceptance Test. Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues.

Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at GE Clinical Systems, Madison, WI Feb 2004 Aug 2005. GE Clinical Systems in the business of high end Medical equipment like digital imaging, scanners etc. It is carrying out the implementation in a global single instance in a discrete manufacturing environment.

As a MFG Consultant I was responsible for INV, WIP, BOM, CST and ENG module implementation. Key initiatives were to set up Item parameter, cycle count physical count, Model BOM Configuration, Product Cost mapping, Cost-roll up and cost of a plan variance analysis, Data migration and validation, NPI and ECO process. Orwells Essay! Coordinated with technical team for third party system integrations (Sales workbench, Service Parts Order Management, BI Reports, IQA) Mapped business requirements. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis.

Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and essays production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces / Data Loader. Conversions like Item, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, On handetc.

Error resolution. Designed customized reports/labels required by users. Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at essay, various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios.

Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to papers on microsft windows, End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for orwells, test case management and defect tracking. Prepared Training Documents. Who Wrote Essays Called The American And Nature! End user training. Conducted CRP UAT.

Go-live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Month end Quarter close activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.9. Oracle Apps Production Support, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI Apr 2003 Jan 2004. Production support activities (24x7) for GE healthcare live sites across Americas, Europe and Asia. Tracked and resolved business user issues and helped with process across Manufacturing, Distribution and Finance modules. Assisted program manager by scoping the proposed solution leading to accurate cost and time estimates. Developed functional specifications and orwells system design specifications document to meet business requirements.

Supported Conversions, Report, Interfaces, and Extensions requirements. Prepared Set-up BR100, Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Supported Data conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, on hand, Sourcing rule, Item Transaction Defaults, Open PO, Price List. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Test plan development and execution. Conducted User training. Parts Term! Prepared training documents and orwells work instructions. Month end, Quarter close, Year end activities and reporting. Environment : Oracle Applications 11i. Configure, Price, Quote, GE Healthcare, Mumbai, India Feb 2001 Mar 2003.

Configure-Price-Quote (CPQ), a Product Configuration application, is GEHC’s global initiative to integrate its multiple equipment selling systems on who wrote essays called scholar a single global platform. CPQ integrates with the Order to orwells, Receipt (OTR) Oracle Apps system different components of best sales workbench. CPQ Application is being developed using Selectica’s ISS (Interactive Selling System) tool. Identified and orwells consolidated key Business needs requirements from different GEHC businesses feeding into cost of a the CPQ program. Analyzed and Evaluated enhancements to orwells essay, the application. Coordinated between User and technical teams through the academic term, design and development process to delivery. Developed test plan and orwells essay integrated test script. Used Test Director for defect tracking. Designed Product hierarchy tool to support product configuration. Developed use cases system mock up for support tools. Bajaj Tempo Limited, M.P., India Jul 1997 Jun 1999.

Bajaj Tempo is a leading light commercial Vehicle manufacturer in India. Thesis On Ufone! Manufacture Tempo Trax, Tempo Traveler, Matador, Tempo Tractor, and Mini-door in the segment of passenger load carrying vehicle. Orwells! As Production Engineer I was -in-charge of Tempo Trax production line, managed manpower of plan around 20 employees and reporting to Plant Manager. Production planning to meet daily and orwells essay monthly targets. Manufacturing scheduling Resource allocation. Co-ordination with supporting dept. Thesis On Ufone! (Maintenance, Quality control, IT , Return Repair dept etc). Performance monitoring execution.

Production issue resolution. Master of Engineering (Manufacturing Systems), Birla Institute of Technology and orwells Science- Pilani, Bachelor of who wrote essays Engineering (Mechanical), Govt. Engineering College, Ujjain India. Oracle Certification Program (OCP) - 11i E-Business Suite Essentials for Implementers.

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Fifty Orwell Essays - Project Gutenberg Australia

Why the orwells essay Lean Start-Up Changes Everything. In the parts academic paper past few years, a new methodology for launching companies, called “the lean start-up,” has begun to replace the old regimen. Orwells? Traditionally, a venture’s founders would write a business plan, complete with a five-year forecast, use it to raise money, and then go into “stealth mode” to develop their offerings, all without getting much feedback from the people they intended to sell to. Lean start-ups, in contrast, begin by searching for a business model. They test, revise, and discard hypotheses, continually gathering customer feedback and rapidly iterating on and reengineering their products. Who Wrote Called Scholar And Nature? This strategy greatly reduces the chances that start-ups will spend a lot of time and orwells essay, money launching products that no one actually will pay for. Blank, a consulting associate professor at essay Stanford, is one of the architects of the lean start-up movement and has seen this approach help businesses get off the ground quickly and successfully.

He believes that if it’s widely adopted, it would reduce the incidence of start-up failure. In combination with other trends, such as open source software and the democratization of venture financing, it could ignite a new, more entrepreneurial economy. There are numerous indicators that the essay approach is catching on: Business schools and universities are incorporating lean start-up principles into of a their curricula. Even more interesting, large companies like GE are applying them to internal innovation initiatives. Launching a new enterprise—whether it’s a tech start-up, a small business, or an initiative within a large corporation—has always been a hit-or-miss proposition.

According to the decades-old formula, you write a business plan, pitch it to investors, assemble a team, introduce a product, and start selling as hard as you can. And somewhere in this sequence of essay, events, you’ll probably suffer a fatal setback. The odds are not with you: As new research by best Harvard Business School’s Shikhar Ghosh shows, 75% of all start-ups fail. But recently an important countervailing force has emerged, one that can make the process of starting a company less risky. It’s a methodology called the “lean start-up,” and it favors experimentation over elaborate planning, customer feedback over orwells intuition, and iterative design over traditional “big design up front” development.

Although the of a plan methodology is just a few years old, its concepts—such as “minimum viable product” and “pivoting”—have quickly taken root in the start-up world, and business schools have already begun adapting their curricula to teach them. The lean start-up movement hasn’t gone totally mainstream, however, and we have yet to feel its full impact. In many ways it is roughly where the big data movement was five years ago—consisting mainly of essay, a buzzword that’s not yet widely understood, whose implications companies are just beginning to grasp. But as its practices spread, they’re turning the conventional wisdom about windows security, entrepreneurship on its head. Orwells Essay? New ventures of all kinds are attempting to improve their chances of success by following its principles of failing fast and famous essays, continually learning. And despite the methodology’s name, in orwells essay, the long term some of its biggest payoffs may be gained by scholar and nature the large companies that embrace it. In this article I’ll offer a brief overview of lean start-up techniques and how they’ve evolved. Most important, I’ll explain how, in combination with other business trends, they could ignite a new entrepreneurial economy. The Fallacy of the Perfect Business Plan. According to conventional wisdom, the essay first thing every founder must do is create a business plan—a static document that describes the size of an opportunity, the problem to be solved, and cost of a, the solution that the new venture will provide. Typically it includes a five-year forecast for income, profits, and cash flow.

A business plan is essentially a research exercise written in isolation at a desk before an entrepreneur has even begun to orwells essay, build a product. The assumption is that it’s possible to figure out term paper, most of the essay unknowns of a business in advance, before you raise money and actually execute the parts idea. Once an essay, entrepreneur with a convincing business plan obtains money from research papers security investors, he or she begins developing the orwells essay product in a similarly insular fashion. Developers invest thousands of man-hours to get it ready for launch, with little if any customer input. Business Plan? Only after building and launching the product does the orwells essay venture get substantial feedback from customers—when the sales force attempts to sell it. And too often, after months or even years of development, entrepreneurs learn the hard way that customers do not need or want most of the product’s features. After decades of watching thousands of start-ups follow this standard regimen, we’ve now learned at thesis on ufone least three things: 1. Business plans rarely survive first contact with customers. Orwells Essay? As the boxer Mike Tyson once said about his opponents’ prefight strategies: “Everybody has a plan until they get punched in the mouth.” 2. Essays Called Scholar And Nature? No one besides venture capitalists and the late Soviet Union requires five-year plans to forecast complete unknowns. These plans are generally fiction, and dreaming them up is almost always a waste of orwells, time.

The business model canvas lets you look at all nine building blocks of your business on one page. Each component of the business model contains a series of business plan, hypotheses that you need to test. 3. Orwells Essay? Start-ups are not smaller versions of large companies. Famous? They do not unfold in accordance with master plans. The ones that ultimately succeed go quickly from failure to failure, all the while adapting, iterating on, and improving their initial ideas as they continually learn from customers. One of the critical differences is that while existing companies execute a business model, start-ups look for one. Orwells Essay? This distinction is at the heart of the lean start-up approach. It shapes the thesis on ufone lean definition of a start-up: a temporary organization designed to orwells, search for a repeatable and scalable business model. The lean method has three key principles:

First, rather than engaging in satirical essays, months of planning and research, entrepreneurs accept that all they have on day one is orwells essay, a series of untested hypotheses—basically, good guesses. So instead of writing an thesis on ufone, intricate business plan, founders summarize their hypotheses in a framework called a business model canvas. Essentially, this is a diagram of how a company creates value for itself and orwells essay, its customers. (See the famous satirical essays exhibit “Sketch Out Your Hypotheses.”) Second, lean start-ups use a “get out of the building” approach called customer development to orwells essay, test their hypotheses. They go out and term paper, ask potential users, purchasers, and partners for feedback on all elements of the business model, including product features, pricing, distribution channels, and affordable customer acquisition strategies. The emphasis is on nimbleness and essay, speed: New ventures rapidly assemble minimum viable products and immediately elicit customer feedback. Then, using customers’ input to on microsft windows security, revise their assumptions, they start the cycle over again, testing redesigned offerings and making further small adjustments (iterations) or more substantive ones (pivots) to ideas that aren’t working. Orwells Essay? (See the exhibit “Listen to Customers.”) During customer development, a start-up searches for papers on microsft windows a business model that works.

If customer feedback reveals that its business hypotheses are wrong, it either revises them or “pivots” to new hypotheses. Once a model is proven, the start-up starts executing, building a formal organization. Each stage of customer development is iterative: A start-up will probably fail several times before finding the right approach. 1. Founders translate company ideas into business model hypotheses, test assumptions about customers’ needs, and then create a “minimum viable product” to try out their proposed solution on orwells essay customers. 2. Start-up continues to test all other hypotheses and tries to validate customers’ interest through early orders or product usage. If there’s no interest, the start-up can “pivot” by changing one or more hypotheses. 3. The product is refined enough to sell.

Using its proven hypotheses, the start-up builds demand by rapidly ramping up marketing and best, sales spending, and scales up the business. 4. Business transitions from start-up mode, with a customer development team searching for answers, to functional departments executing its model. Third, lean start-ups practice something called agile development, which originated in the software industry. Orwells Essay? Agile development works hand-in-hand with customer development. Unlike typical yearlong product development cycles that presuppose knowledge of customers’ problems and thesis on ufone, product needs, agile development eliminates wasted time and resources by developing the product iteratively and incrementally. It’s the orwells process by which start-ups create the minimum viable products they test. The American Scholar And Nature? (See the exhibit “Quick, Responsive Development.”) When Jorge Heraud and Lee Redden started Blue River Technology, they were students in orwells, my class at Stanford. They had a vision of building robotic lawn mowers for who wrote called the american scholar commercial spaces. After talking to over 100 customers in 10 weeks, they learned their initial customer target—golf courses—didn’t value their solution.

But then they began to talk to farmers and found a huge demand for an automated way to kill weeds without chemicals. Filling it became their new product focus, and within 10 weeks Blue River had built and tested a prototype. Nine months later the start-up had obtained more than $3 million in essay, venture funding. The team expected to have a commercial product ready just nine months after that. In contrast to traditional product development, in which each stage occurs in linear order and best essay, lasts for months, agile development builds products in short, repeated cycles. A start-up produces a “minimum viable product”—containing only critical features—gathers feedback on it from customers, and then starts over with a revised minimum viable product. Stealth Mode’s Declining Popularity. Lean methods are changing the language start-ups use to describe their work. During the dot-com boom, start-ups often operated in orwells essay, “stealth mode” (to avoid alerting potential competitors to a market opportunity), exposing prototypes to customers only during highly orchestrated “beta” tests.

The lean start-up methodology makes those concepts obsolete because it holds that in essay, most industries customer feedback matters more than secrecy and that constant feedback yields better results than cadenced unveilings. Those two fundamental precepts crystallized for me during my career as an entrepreneur. (I’ve been involved with eight high-tech start-ups, as either a founder or an early employee.) When I shifted into orwells teaching, a decade ago, I came up with the formula for customer development described earlier. By 2003 I was outlining this process in a course at the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. In 2004, I invested in a start-up founded by research windows Eric Ries and Will Harvey and, as a condition of my investment, insisted that they take my course. Eric quickly recognized that waterfall development, the tech industry’s traditional, linear product development approach, should be replaced by iterative agile techniques. He also saw similarities between this emerging set of start-up disciplines and the Toyota Production System, which had become known as “lean manufacturing.” Eric dubbed the combination of customer development and agile practices the “lean start-up.”

The tools were popularized by a series of orwells, successful books. In 2003, I wrote The Four Steps to the Epiphany, articulating for the first time that start-ups were not smaller versions of large companies and laying out the customer development process in detail. In 2010, Alexander Osterwalder and Yves Pigneur gave entrepreneurs the standard framework for business model canvases in Business Model Generation. Thesis On Ufone? In 2011 Eric published an overview in The Lean Startup. And in 2012 Bob Dorf and I summarized what we’d learned about lean techniques in a step-by-step handbook called The Startup Owner’s Manual. The lean start-up method is now being taught at more than 25 universities and orwells essay, through a popular online course at term paper Udacity.com. In addition, in almost every city around world, you’ll find organizations like Startup Weekend introducing the lean method to orwells essay, hundreds of prospective entrepreneurs at a time. At such gatherings a roomful of start-up teams can cycle through half a dozen potential product ideas in a matter of famous essays, hours.

Although it sounds incredible to people who haven’t been to one, at these events some businesses are formed on a Friday evening and are generating actual revenue by Sunday afternoon. Creating an Entrepreneurial, Innovation-Based Economy. While some adherents claim that the lean process can make individual start-ups more successful, I believe that claim is too grandiose. Success is predicated on too many factors for essay one methodology to guarantee that any single start-up will be a winner. Research Papers On Microsft Windows Security? But on the basis of what I’ve seen at orwells hundreds of start-ups, at programs that teach lean principles, and at established companies that practice them, I can make a more important claim: Using lean methods across a portfolio of start-ups will result in fewer failures than using traditional methods. A lower start-up failure rate could have profound economic consequences. Today the forces of on microsft windows, disruption, globalization, and regulation are buffeting the economies of every country. Established industries are rapidly shedding jobs, many of which will never return. Employment growth in essay, the 21st century will have to come from cost business new ventures, so we all have a vested interest in fostering an orwells essay, environment that helps them succeed, grow, and hire more workers. The creation of an innovation economy that’s driven by the rapid expansion of start-ups has never been more imperative. In the past, growth in academic, the number of start-ups was constrained by five factors in addition to the failure rate:

What Lean Start-Ups Do Differently. The founders of lean start-ups don’t begin with a business plan; they begin with the search for orwells a business model. Only after quick rounds of experimentation and who wrote essays and nature, feedback reveal a model that works do lean founders focus on orwells essay execution. 1. The high cost of getting the first customer and the even higher cost of getting the product wrong. 2. Long technology development cycles. 3. The limited number of people with an appetite for the risks inherent in founding or working at a start-up. 4. The structure of the venture capital industry, in best, which a small number of firms each needed to orwells essay, invest big sums in a handful of start-ups to cost business plan, have a chance at significant returns. 5. The concentration of real expertise in how to essay, build start-ups, which in the United States was mostly found in pockets on the East and West coasts. (This is less an issue in Europe and other parts of the world, but even overseas there are geographic entrepreneurial hot spots.)

The lean approach reduces the first two constraints by helping new ventures launch products that customers actually want, far more quickly and cheaply than traditional methods, and the third by making start-ups less risky. And it has emerged at a time when other business and technology trends are likewise breaking down the barriers to start-up formation. The combination of all these forces is altering the entrepreneurial landscape. Today open source software, like GitHub, and parts academic, cloud services, such as Amazon Web Services, have slashed the orwells cost of software development from millions of thesis on ufone, dollars to orwells essay, thousands. Hardware start-ups no longer have to build their own factories, since offshore manufacturers are so easily accessible. Indeed, it’s become quite common to see young tech companies that practice the lean start-up methodology offer software products that are simply “bits” delivered over the web or hardware that’s built in China within weeks of being formed.

Consider Roominate, a start-up designed to inspire girls’ confidence and interest in science, technology, engineering, and math. Once its founders had finished testing and iterating on the design of papers windows security, their wired dollhouse kit, they sent the specs off to a contract manufacturer in China. Three weeks later the first products arrived. Lean start-up practices aren’t just for young tech ventures. Large companies, such as GE and orwells, Intuit, have begun to implement them. Another important trend is the decentralization of access to financing. Venture capital used to be a tight club of formal firms clustered near Silicon Valley, Boston, and New York.

In today’s entrepreneurial ecosystem, new super angel funds, smaller than the traditional hundred-million-dollar-sized VC fund, can make early-stage investments. Called The American? Worldwide, hundreds of accelerators, like Y Combinator and TechStars, have begun to orwells, formalize seed investments. And crowdsourcing sites like Kickstarter provide another, more democratic method of financing start-ups. The instantaneous availability of parts paper, information is orwells essay, also a boon to today’s new ventures. Before the internet, new company founders got advice only as often as they could have coffee with experienced investors or entrepreneurs. Today the biggest challenge is sorting through the overwhelming amount of start-up advice they get.

The lean concepts provide a framework that helps you differentiate the good from the papers on microsft windows bad. Lean start-up techniques were initially designed to create fast-growing tech ventures. Orwells Essay? But I believe the concepts are equally valid for creating the Main Street small businesses that make up the satirical essays bulk of the economy. If the entire universe of small business embraced them, I strongly suspect it would increase growth and efficiency, and have a direct and immediate impact on orwells GDP and employment. There are signs that this may in famous satirical, fact happen.

In 2011 the orwells essay U.S. National Science Foundation began using lean methods to commercialize basic science research in a program called the of a Innovation Corps. Eleven universities now teach the methods to hundreds of teams of senior research scientists across the United States. MBA programs are adopting these techniques, too. For years they taught students to apply large-company approaches—such as accounting methods for essay tracking revenue and cash flow, and organizational theories about managing—to start-ups. Yet start-ups face completely different issues. Cost Of A Plan? Now business schools are realizing that new ventures need their own management tools. As business schools embrace the distinction between management execution and searching for a business model, they’re abandoning the business plan as the template for entrepreneurial education.

And the business plan competitions that have been a celebrated part of the orwells essay MBA experience for over a decade are being replaced by application business model competitions. (Harvard Business School became the latest to orwells essay, make this switch, in 2012.) Stanford, Harvard, Berkeley, and who wrote essays, Columbia are leading the charge and embracing the lean start-up curriculum. My Lean LaunchPad course for educators is now training over 250 college and university instructors a year. A New Strategy for the 21st-Century Corporation. It’s already becoming clear that lean start-up practices are not just for young tech ventures. Corporations have spent the orwells essay past 20 years increasing their efficiency by driving down costs. Business? But simply focusing on improving existing business models is not enough anymore. Almost every large company understands that it also needs to deal with ever-increasing external threats by continually innovating. To ensure their survival and growth, corporations need to orwells, keep inventing new business models. This challenge requires entirely new organizational structures and research, skills. Over the years managerial experts such as Clayton Christensen, Rita McGrath, Vijay Govindarajan, Henry Chesbrough, Ian MacMillan, Alexander Osterwalder, and orwells essay, Eric von Hippel have advanced the essays the american thinking on how large companies can improve their innovation processes. During the past three years, however, we have seen large companies, including General Electric, Qualcomm, and orwells essay, Intuit, begin to implement the lean start-up methodology.

GE’s Energy Storage division, for instance, is best, using the approach to transform the way it innovates. In 2010 Prescott Logan, the general manager of the division, recognized that a new battery developed by the unit had the potential to disrupt the industry. Instead of preparing to build a factory, scale up production, and launch the new offering (ultimately named Durathon) as a traditional product extension, Logan applied lean techniques. He started searching for a business model and orwells, engaging in research papers on microsft, customer discovery. He and his team met face-to-face with dozens of global prospects to explore potential new markets and applications. These weren’t sales calls: The team members left their PowerPoint slides behind and listened to customers’ issues and essay, frustrations with the battery status quo. They dug deep to learn how customers bought industrial batteries, how often they used them, and the operating conditions. With this feedback, they made a major shift in satirical, their customer focus. They eliminated one of orwells, their initial target segments, data centers, and discovered a new one—utilities. In addition, they narrowed the broad customer segment of “telecom” to cell phone providers in developing countries with unreliable electric grids. Paper? Eventually GE invested $100 million to orwells essay, build a world-class battery manufacturing facility in Schenectady, New York, which it opened in 2012.

According to press reports, demand for the new batteries is so high that GE is already running a backlog of orders. The first hundred years of management education focused on building strategies and tools that formalized execution and efficiency for existing businesses. Now, we have the first set of tools for searching for who wrote essays called new business models as we launch start-up ventures. It also happens to have arrived just in time to help existing companies deal with the forces of orwells, continual disruption. In the 21st century those forces will make people in every kind of organization—start-ups, small businesses, corporations, and government—feel the thesis on ufone pressure of rapid change.

The lean start-up approach will help them meet it head-on, innovate rapidly, and transform business as we know it.

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act essay strategy “We can learn more from conflicts than we can from agreements.” The Thesis Statement: Your position on the topic The Summary: Your preview of the points you will discuss. Although agreements have value, the juxtaposition of different ideas in a conflict inevitably leads to more significant progress and evolution. Although agreements have value, the juxtaposition of different ideas in orwells essay, a conflict inevitably leads to more significant progress and evolution. What scientific progress would we have, for example, if it weren’t for intellectual debate? None—intellectual debate leads to scientific progress. Who Wrote Essays The American Scholar And Nature. The reformation of outdated political ideas and concepts is also marked by struggle. Finally, in the words of Friedrich Nietzsche, “What doesn’t kill us makes us stronger.” This quotation captures the sentiment that personal growth arises from orwells essay, conflict. The Topic Sentence: The thesis statement of the paragraph The Evidence: The specific, concrete facts, phenomena, events, quotes, or situations that support your overarching thesis statement. First, historically, scientific progress has been inspired by conflicts of ideas.

First, historically, scientific progress has been inspired by research papers windows, conflicts of ideas. In the sixteenth century, for orwells, example, a great debate arose because Copernicus vehemently challenged the notion that the satirical essays, earth is the center of the solar system. Although he paid a price both socially and essay politically for this remonstration, Copernicus disabused a long-held belief, much to the chagrin of the Catholic Church and to other astronomers of his day. Because of academic term paper, this conflict, humankind eventually gained a new understanding of astronomy. Recap your essay Expand your position. Clearly, conflict has been responsible for several upward surges of humankind in diverse respects. In the areas of science, politics, and individual character, progress requires struggle.

Rather than avoiding conflict at all costs, we should accept conflict as a necessary—and beneficial—part of the human condition, whether the conflicts arise among scholars or states. Conflict permits true transformation and growth. An Argument Evidence Varied Sentence Structure Facility with Language. Although agreements have value, the essay, juxtaposition of different ideas in a conflict inevitably leads to more significant progress and essays evolution. In the sixteenth century, for example, a great debate arose because Copernicus vehemently challenged the notion that the earth is the center of the solar system. Although he paid a price both socially and politically for this remonstration, Copernicus disabused a long-held belief, much to the chagrin of the Catholic Church and other astronomers of his day. Science. Copernicus’s challenge to the idea that the earth was the orwells essay, center of the solar system Politics. The abolition of slavery Personal experience.

Hardships leading to research papers, personal growth. Sentence structure is very important. Sentence structure, if appropriately varied, can keep your readers engaged and help make your essay exciting and orwells easier to read. Sentence structure, if it is monotonous and unchanging, can make your essay sound boring and academic paper unsophisticated. Sentence structure is important on orwells essay the GRE essay. Academic Term Paper. Sentence structure is also important in essays you write for school. Historically, scientific progress has been inspired by conflicts of ideas. In the essay, sixteenth century, for application essay, example, a great debate arose because Copernicus vehemently challenged the orwells essay, notion that the earth is the center of the solar system.

Although he paid a price both socially and politically for plan, this remonstration, Copernicus disabused a long-held belief, much to the chagrin of the Catholic Church and orwells essay other astronomers of his day. Thesis On Ufone. Because of this conflict, humankind eventually gained a new understanding of astronomy. Sentence structure is very important. Orwells. Varying the structure of your sentences keeps your reader engaged; it also makes your writing easier—and more exciting—to read. Parts Academic Paper. Monotonous, repetitive sentence structure can make your essay sound boring and unsophisticated. Practice mixing up your sentence structure on the essays for the GRE, but don’t forget to also vary your sentence structure on the application essays you write for graduate school! Never write a sentence that contains more than three commas. Try to avoid sentences with more than two commas (unless you need to include a list).

Never write a sentence that takes up more than three lines on orwells essay the screen. Showing contrast. Katie likes pink nail polish. In contrast , she thinks red nail polish looks trashy. Elaborating. Parts. I love going to the movies.

Even more than that , I love eating popcorn and candy in the dark while I’m there. Providing an example. If you save up your money, you can afford pricey items. For example , Patrick saved up his allowance and eventually purchased a sports car. Showing results. Orwells Essay. Manuel ingested nothing but soda and burgers every day for a month. As a result , he gained ten pounds. Showing sequence.

The police arrested Bob at the party. Soon after , his college applications were all rejected, and eventually Bob drifted into best a life of essay, crime. First, historically, scientific progress has been inspired by conflicts of thesis on ufone, ideas. In the sixteenth century, for example, a great debate arose because Copernicus vehemently challenged the notion that the earth is the orwells, center of the solar system. Best Application Essay. Although he paid a price both socially and politically for this remonstration, Copernicus disabused a long-held belief, much to the chagrin of the Catholic Church and other astronomers of his day. Because of this conflict, humankind eventually gained a new understanding of astronomy.

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Essay on Marriage: Meaning, Functions and Forms. Here is your essay on marriage, it’s meaning, functions and forms! Marriage and family sociologically signifies the stage of greater social advancement. It is orwells essay, indicative of man’s entry into the world of cost business emotion and feeling, harmony and culture. Long before the institution of marriage developed, man and woman may have lived together, procreated children and died unwept and unsung. Their sexual relations must have been like birds and animals of momentary duration. Image Courtesy : 2.bp.blogspot.com/–Zyo4IJENYk/TtuIdHcjm-I/AAAAAAAACwQ/Rg89UBiMU0A/s1600/lklk.jpg.

Marriage as an orwells essay institution developed over the time. It may have been accepted as a measure of social discipline and as an expedient to eliminate social stress due to the sex rivalry. The growing sense and sensibility may have necessitated the acceptance of norms for formalising the of a business union between man and woman. Marriage is the most important institution of human society. It is a universal phenomenon. It has been the orwells backbone of human civilisation. Human beings have certain urges like hungers, thirst and sex. Society works out certain rules and regulation for satisfaction of these urges.

The rules and application essay regulations, which deal with regulation of sex life of human beings, are dealt in the marriage institution. We can say that the Marriage is as old as the institution of family. Orwells? Both these institutions are vital for term, the society. Family depends upon the Marriage. Marriage regulates sex life of orwells essay human beings. Marriage creates new social relationships and reciprocal rights between the research papers on microsft windows security spouses. Orwells Essay? It establishes the best rights and the status of the children when they are born.

Each society recognises certain procedures for creating such relationship and rights. The society prescribes rules for prohibitions, preferences and orwells essay prescriptions in thesis on ufone deciding marriage. It is essay, this institution through which a man sustains the continuity of his race and attains satisfaction in a socially recognised manner. Sociologists and anthropologists have given definitions of marriage. Some of the important definitions are given below.

Edward Westermark. “Marriage is a relation of one or more men to one or more women which is recognised by custom or law and involves certain rights and duties both in the case of the thesis on ufone parties entering the union and in the case of the children born of it. As B. Malinowski defines, “Marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children”. According H.M. Johnson, “Marriage is a stable relationship in which a man and a woman are socially permitted without loss of standing in community, to have children”. Ira L. Reiss writes, “Marriage is a socially accepted union of individuals in orwells essay husband and wife roles, with the key function of legitimating of parenthood”. William Stephens, the anthropologist, says that marriage is: (1) A socially legitimate sexual union begun with. (2) A public announcement, undertaken with. (3) Some idea of performance and assumed with a more or less explicit. (4) Marriage contract, which spells out reciprocal obligations between spouses and famous satirical between spouses and their children. William J. Goode, the famous family sociologist has tried to orwells essay combine the two objectives of marriage i.e. to regulate sex life and to recognize the newborn. It was perhaps for this reason that American sociologists came out with the statement that no child should be born without a father.

Although different thinkers have tried to provide definition of marriage, but there is no universally acceptable definition of marriage. There seems to be, however, a consensus that marriage involves several criteria that are found to exist cross-culturally and throughout time. For example, Hindu marriage has three main objectives such as Dharma, Progeny and Sexual Pleasure. Individual happiness has been given the least importance. Thesis On Ufone? It is considered to be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and orwells essay a woman in academic the social status of husband and wife. In Western countries, marriage is a contract. Personal happiness is given the utmost importance. People enter into matrimonial alliances for the sake of orwells essay seeking personal happiness. If this happiness is-not forthcoming they will terminate the relationship.

Marriage is thus cultural specific. The rules and regulations differ from one culture to another. We can, however, identify certain basic features of this institution. (1) A heterosexual union, including at least one male and one female. (2) The legitimizing or granting of famous essays approval to the sexual relationship and the bearing of children without any loss of standing in the community or society. (3) A public affair rather than a private, personal matter. (4) A highly institutionalized and essay patterned mating arrangement. (5) Rules which determine who can marry whom.

(6) New statuses to man and research on microsft woman in the shape of husband and wife and father and mother. (7) Development of personal intimate and affectionate relationships between the spouses and parent and children. (8) A binding relationship that assumes some performance. The above discussion helps us to orwells essay conclude that the boundaries of marriage are not always precise and clearly defined. It is, however, very important institution for the society as it helps in replacement of old and dying population. Marriage is an of a plan institutionalized relationship within the family system. It fulfills many functions attributed to the family in general. Family functions include basic personality formation, status ascriptions, socialization, tension management, and replacement of orwells essay members, economic cooperation, reproduction, stabilization of adults, and the like. Many of these functions, while not requiring marriage for their fulfillment, are enhanced by thesis on ufone, the marital system”. In fact, evidence suggests marriage to be of great significance for the well-being of the individual. Researchers have shown that compared to the unmarried, married persons are generally happier, healthier, less depressed and disturbed and less prone to orwells essay premature deaths.

Marriage, rather than becoming less important or unimportant, may be increasingly indispensable. The functions of marriage differ as the structure of essays the american and nature marriage differs. ‘For example, where marriage is specially an extension of the kin and orwells extended family system, then procreation, passing on the family name and continuation of property become a basic function. Thus, to not have a child or more specifically, to not have a male child, is sufficient reason to academic term paper replace the present wife or add a new wife. Where marriage is based on “free choice,” i.e. parents and kinsmen play no role in selecting the orwells partner, individualistic forces are accorded greater significance. Thus in the United States, marriage has many functions and involves many positive as well as negative personal factors : establishment of a family of one’s own, children, companionship, happiness, love, economic security, elimination of loneliness etc. The greater the extent to business plan which the perceived needs of marriage are met, and the fewer the alternatives in the replacement of the unmet needs, the greater the likelihood of marriage and the continuation of orwells essay that marriage. At a personal level, any perceived reason may explain marriage, but at a social level, all societies sanction certain reasons and renounce others. Societies evolved mannerism and method for selection of the best spouses, according to their peculiar socio-economic and political conditions, and in accordance with their levels of orwells essay cultural advancement. This explains on the one hand the origin of the various forms, of marriage and on the other the differences in the attitude of societies towards the institution of marriage. Some have accepted it as purely a contractual arrangement between weds, while others hold it as the sacred union between man, and woman.

Forms of marriage vary from society to society. Marriage can be broadly divided into two types, (1) monogamy and (2) polygamy. Monogamy is that form of marriage in which at a given period of time one man has marital relations with one woman. On the death of the spouse or one of the partners seek divorce then they can establish such relationship with other persons but at a given period of time, one cannot have two or more wives or two or more husbands. This one to one relationship is the most modern civilized way of living. Essays? In most of the societies it is this form, which is found and recognized. It should be noted that on a societal basis, only about 20 per cent of the societies are designated as strictly monogamous, that is, monogamy is the required form. When monogamy does not achieve stability, certain married persons end their relationship and remarry. Thus, the second spouse, although not existing simultaneously with the first, is sometimes referred to as fitting into a pattern of sequential monogamy, serial monogamy or remarriage.

Keeping in view the advantages of monogamy the orwells world has granted recognition to monogamous form of application essay marriage. The following are its advantages: 1. Better Adjustment: In this form of marriage men and women have to orwells adjust with one partner only. In this way there is better adjustment between them.

2. Greater Intimacy: If the number of people in the family will be limited there will be more love and affection in who wrote essays the family. Because of which they will have friendly and deep relations. 3. Better Socialization of Children: In the monogamy the children are looked after with earnest attention of parents.

The development of modes of children will be done nicely. There will be no jealously between the parents for looking after their children. Family happiness is maintained under monogamy which is completely destroyed in other forms of marriage because of jealousy and orwells essay other reasons. Thus, in this form of marriage, family is defined as happy family. 5. Equal Status to Woman: In this form of essays marriage the status of woman in family is equal. If husband works she looks after the house or both of essay them work for strengthening the economic condition of the family. 6. Who Wrote And Nature? Equalitarian way of Living:

It is only under monogamous way of living that husband and wife can have equalitarian way of life. Under this system husband and orwells wife not only share the familial role and obligations but also have joint decisions. Academic Term Paper? The decision making process becomes a joint venture. 7. Orwells? Population Control: Some sociologists have the view that monogamy controls the population. Because of one wife children in the family will be limited. 8. Better Standard of Living: It also affects the standard of living within limited resources. One can manage easily to academic term live a better life. It helps in the development of independent personality without much constraint and pressure.

9. Respect to old Parents: Old parents receive favouring care by their children but under polygamy their days are full of orwells essay bitterness. 10. Law is in favour: Monogamy is thesis on ufone, legally sanctioned form of marriage while some are legally prohibited. 11. More Cooperation: In such a family there is close union between the couple and orwells the chances of conflict are reduced and best application essay there is cooperation between husband and wife.

It is more stable form of marriage. There is better division of property after the death of parents. Monogamy is a marriage between one husband and one wife. So if the partner is not of choice then life loses its charm. They have to adjust between themselves but now-a-days divorce is the answer to orwells their problem. According to Sumner and Keller, “Monogamy is monopoly.” Wherever there is monopoly, there is bound to thesis on ufone be both ‘ins and outs’. Some inpatients can’t have kids or some barren cannot have kids. If one of the partners has some problem couples cannot have children. They have to suffer from childlessness.

4. Economic Factors: Marriage in monogamy does not play part of orwells income. They have to depend upon their own occupation for living. If they are poor they will remain poor. So monogamy effects the economic condition of man and woman. 5. Better status to Women: Monogamy provides better status to women in the society.

They are counted equal to men. Some people do not like this form of marriage. When they do not get partner of their own choice they start sexual relations with other people. This also leads to the problem of prostitution. Distinguished from monogamy is polygamy. Polygamy refer to the marriage of several or many. Polygamy is the form of marriage in which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of thesis on ufone women. According to F.N. Balasara, “The forms of orwells marriage in which there is plurality of partners is called polygamy”. Polygamy, like other forms of marriage is highly regulated and normatively controlled. It is likely to be supported by the attitudes and values of both the sexes.

Polygamy itself has many forms and variations. Called And Nature? Polygamy is of three types: (i) Polygyny, (ii) Polyandry and (iii) Group marriage. Let us now discuss forms of polygamy in details, Polygyny is essay, a form of marriage in which a man has more than one .wife at a time. In other words it is a form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time. It is the essays prevalent form of marriage among the tribes, Polygyny also appears to be the privilege of the wealthy, in many African societies the rich usually have more than one wife.

This type of marriage is found in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda. Orwells? In India, polygyny persisted from the Vedic times until Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Now polygyny is visible among many tribes of India. Viewing polygyny cross-culturally, poiygynous families evidence specific organisational features: 1. In certain matters, sex particularly, co-wives have clearly defined equal rights. 2. Essays Called The American Scholar? Each wife is set up in a separate establishment. 3. The senior wife is given special powers and privileges. It has been suggested that if co-wives are sisters, they usually live in the same house; if co-wives are not sister, they usually live in separate houses. Orwells? It is believed that sibling can better tolerate, suppress and live with a situation of sexual rivalry than can non-siblings.

Polygyny may be of two types: (i) Sororal polygyny and (ii) Non-soraral polygyny. Sororal polygyny is one in which all the wives are sisters. Non-sororal polygyny means the marriage of one man with many women who are not sisters. 1. Disproportion of sexes in the Population: When in any tribe or society male members are less in on microsft windows number and females are more, then this type of marriage takes place. 2. Out-migration of male Population: To earn the livelihood male members migrate from one society to another. This way there is orwells essay, a decrease in the number of males than females and polygyny takes place.

Hypergamy also gives rise to polygyny. Under this system the parents of lower castes or classes want to improve their social status by academic, marrying their daughters in the higher caste or classes. 4. Desire for male Child: Among the primitive people importance was given to orwells essay make children than females. Thus man was free to have as many marriages as he liked on the ground to get male children. In some societies number of wives represented greater authority and who wrote essays called the american scholar and nature status.

Particularly the essay leaders of primitive society increased number of wives in order to prove their superiority. A single marriage was considered a sign of poverty. So where marriage is research security, taken as sign of prestige and prosperity the orwells essay custom of polygyny is natural. 6. Economic Reason: Where the people of the poor families were unable to find suitable husbands for their daughters they started marrying their daughters to rich married males. 7. Variety of Sex Relation:

The desire for variety of sex relations is another cause of polygyny. The sexual instincts become dull by more familiarity. It is stimulated by novelty. 8. Enforced Celibacy: In uncivilized tribes men did not approach the women during the period of of a plan pregnancy and while she was feeding the child. Thus long period of enforced celibacy gave birth to orwells essay second marriage. In uncivilized society more children were needed for thesis on ufone, agriculture, war and status recognition. Essay? Moreover, in some tribes the birth rate was low and death rate was high. In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children. 10.

Absence of children: According to Manu, if wife is cost of a, unable to have children, man is permitted to have more marriages. He further says if a wife takes her husband then he should live with her one year and take another wife. 11. Religious Reasons: Polygyny was permitted in the past if wife was incapable of forming religious duties in her periodic sickness because religion was given significant place in social life. 12. Patriarchal Society: Polygyny is found only in the patriarchal society where more importance is given to males and male member is the head of the family. (1) Better status of children:

In polygyny children enjoy better status. They are looked after well because there are many women in the family to care. (2) Rapid growth of Population: In those societies where population is orwells, very less and birth rate is almost zero, for those societies polygyny is best suited, as it increases the population at faster rate. (3) Importance of term Males: In polygyny males occupy higher status. More importance is given to husband by several wives. (4) Division of Work:

In polygyny there are several wives. Therefore, there is a proper division of work at essay home. (5) Variety of Sex Relations: Instead of going for extra marital relations husband stays at home because his desire for variety of on microsft sex relations is essay, fulfilled within polygyny. (6) Continuity of Family:

Polygyny came into existence mainly because of inability of a wife to produce children. Polygyny provides continuity to the family tree. In absence of one wife other women in the family produce children. 1. Lower status of Women: In this form of thesis on ufone marriage women have very low status; they are regarded as an object of pleasure for orwells, their husbands. They generally do not have a right to take decisions about their welfare; they have to depend upon their husband for fulfillment of their basic needs. 2. Jealousy as stated by Shakespeare: “Woman thy name is jealousy”. When several wives have to share one husband, there is bound to be jealousy among co-wives. Thesis On Ufone? Jealousy leads to inefficiency in their work. They are not able to socialize their children in a proper manner in such atmosphere. 3. Low Economic Status:

Polygyny increases economic burden on the family because in many cases only husband is the bread winner and whole of the family is dependent on him. 4. Population Growth: This type of marriage is harmful for developing society and poor nations because they have limited resources Further increase in population deteriorates progress and essay development of that society. 5. Fragmentation of Property: In polygyny all the children born from different wives have share in father’s property. Essay? Jealousy among mothers leads to property conflicts among children as a result property is divided and essay income per capita decreases. 6. Uncongenial Atmosphere: Polygyny does not promise congenial atmosphere for the proper growth and development of children. There is lack of affection among the members.

As such families have large number of members. They fail to provide proper attention to research papers security all of them. This gives rise to many immoral practices in the society. It is a form of marriage in orwells essay which one woman has more than one husband at a given time. According to K.M. Kapadia, Polyandry is a form of union in which a woman has more than one husband at a time or in which brothers share a wife or wives in common. This type marriage is prevalent in few places such as tribes of Malaya and some tribes of India like Toda, Khasi and Kota etc.

Polyandry is of two types: (i) Fraternal Polyandry and. (ii) Non-Fratemai Polyandry. (i) Fraternal Polyandry: In this form of polyandry one wife is regarded as the wife of all brothers. All the famous satirical brothers in a family share the same woman as their wife. Essay? The children are treated as the offspring of the eldest brother, it is found in some Indian tribes like Toda and Khasis. This type of marriage was popular in Ceylon (Srilanka at present). (ii) Non-Fraternal Polyandry: In this type of polyandry one woman has more than one husband who is not brothers.

They belong to different families. The wife cohabits with husbands in turn. In case of Fraternal Polyandry, the wife lives in the family of her husbands, while in case of non-fraternal polyandry, the wife continues to stay in the family of her mother. This type of polyandry is found among Nayars of Kerala. 1. Lesser number of Women: According to Westermark, when the number of famous women is essay, lesser than the number of males in a society, polyandry is found. For example, among Todas of Nilgiri. Who Wrote Called Scholar And Nature? But according to Brifficult, polyandry can exist even when the number of women is not lesser e.g. in orwells essay Tibet, Sikkim and Laddakh polyandry is found even though there is not much disparity in the number of men and women.

In some tribal societies female infanticide is present; as a result these female population is less than male population. Further males do not enjoy good status. Cost Of A Business Plan? Therefore, one female is married to orwells a group of brothers and polyandry exists. 3. Matrilineal System: Just in contrast to research papers on microsft security above noted point, it has also been argued that polyandry exists in matrilineal system where one woman can have relationship with more than one man and the children instead of orwells getting the name of father are known by mother’s name. Polyandry exists in such areas where there is scarcity of natural resources. It is for this reason many men support one woman and her children.

In societies where there is parts term, bridge price, polyandry exists. Brothers pay for orwells essay, one bride who becomes wife of all of them. 6. Division of Property: To check the division of ancestral property polyandry is favoured. When all the brothers have one wife then the question of division of property does not arise. 7. Production and called the american scholar and nature labour: Polyandry not only essay avoids division of property but it also increases production in agriculture. All the brothers work together because they have to best application support only one family. Thus production and income increases, further there is no expenditure with regard to orwells essay labour because all the husbands contribute their share of work. Polyandry exists in some societies mainly because of customs and traditions of that particular society.

Generally, polyandry is found in such areas which are situated far away from thesis on ufone, modern developed areas. (1) Checks Population Growth: It checks population growth because all the male members of the family share one wife. As a result population does not increase at that rapid rate, the way in orwells which it occurs in polygyny Therefore, it limits the size of the family. (2) Economic Standard: Polyandry helps to unhold the economic standard of the family. It strengthens the economic position of the family because all the members work for the improvement of the family. (3) Greater Security: With large number of satirical males working after the family affairs, other members of the family especially women and children feel quite secure.

Greater security among the members develop sense of we-feeling among the members of the family. (4) Property is kept Intact: In polyandry family does not get divided. The property of the family is held jointly and thus it is kept intact. (5) Status of Women: In polyandry one woman is essay, wife of large number of best essay husbands. Orwells? As a result she gets attention of thesis on ufone all the members and thus enjoys a good status in essay the family.

She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs. When all the men have to share one woman, family quarrels and tensions are ought to be there. Husbands feel jealous of one another which adversely effect congenial atmosphere of the family. When children have large number of fathers they fail to thesis on ufone select appropriate model for themselves. This adversely effects their personality configuration.

(3) Health of the Woman: It adversely effects health of a woman because she has to essay satisfy several husbands. It not only has negative effect on the physical health but also on mental health of the application essay woman. According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of husbands. In matrilineal system where polyandry is found husbands do not enjoy high status. They do not give their name to the children. (6) Lack of Attachment: In many tribes where polyandry exists husbands do not live permanently with their families.

They are visiting husband who visit the family for a specific period. Orwells Essay? They do not get love and affection of their children because children feel unattached to their fathers. (7) Less Population: This form of marriage decreases population growth. In some tribal societies where polyandry continues to research papers windows exist may get extinct after a gap of few years.

This is another outcome of this practice. Group marriage is that type of marriage in which a group of men marry a group of women. Each man of male group is considered to be the husband of every woman of female group. Similarly, every woman is the wife of every man of male group. Pair bonded or Multilateral marriage are the substitute term for group marriages. This form of marriage is found among some tribes of orwells New Guinea and Africa. In India group marriage is practised by the Toda Tribe of Nilgiri Hills. Best Application? Except on an experimental basis it is an extremely rare occurrence and may never have existed as a viable form of orwells essay marriage for satirical essays, any society in the world. The Oneida community of orwells essay New York State has been frequently cited as an cost business plan example of group marriage experiment. It involved economic and sexual sharing based on spiritual and religious principles.

Like most group marriage on record, its time span was limited. Rarely do they endure beyond one or two generations. Levirate and Sororate: In levirate the essay wife marries the brother of the dead husband. If a man dies, his wife marries the brother of her dead husband.

Marriage of the widow with the dead husband’s elder brother is called Senior Levirate. But when she marries to the younger brother of the dead husband, it is research security, called Junior Levirate. In Sororate the husband marries the essay sister of best essay his wife. Sororate is essay, again divided into two types namely restricted Sororate and thesis on ufone simultaneous Sororate. Orwells Essay? In restricted sororate, after the death of one’s wife, the man marries the sister of his wife. Famous Essays? In simultaneous sororate, the sister of one’s wife automatically becomes his wife. Concubinage is a state of living together as husband and wife without being married. It is .cohabitation with one or more women who are distinct from wife or wives. Concubinage is sometimes recognised by various societies as an accepted institution. A concubine has a lower social status than that of a wife.

The children of a concubine enjoy a lower status in the society. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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latin essay Promoting Classics in The Old Dominion Since 1910. All elementary, middle, and orwells, high school teachers who are members of CAV are encouraged to have their students. participate in any or all of the contests listed below. Please contact the individual chairs for more information. THE EIGHTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL LATIN TOURNAMENT. OF THE CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VIRGINIA. March 20-24, 2017. The exams are designed to test the student's mastery of the Latin language and, in the case of the upper level exams, some basic literary matter at that particular level of study. Exams will consist of questions on satirical vocabulary, forms, syntax, (where appropriate) rhetorical and poetic devices, and reading passages for translation to show active and accurate comprehension.

Each exam will include 75 multiple-choice questions and a 25-point Latin passage for orwells essay, translation into English. There are five tests offered, depending on the level of the student. Thesis On Ufone! A syllabus for each exam may be found on the CAV website. The tests are: • Advanced Latin Prose: levels 3-4-5+ for non-AP, non-Cicero students. • Caesar: levels 3-4-5+; based upon de Bello Gallico (AP selections) and sight passages.

• Advanced Latin Poetry: based upon authors such as Catullus, Ovid, Horace, and other poets. Schools in Virginia may compete in one of orwells essay, three divisions: • Alpha (secondary and called scholar, intermediate public schools) • Beta (independent and private schools) • Gamma (charter, magnet, and orwells essay, governor’s schools)

Teachers must submit their registration postmarked by Wednesday, February 15, 201 7 . Competition fee is best essay $3.00 per student, non-refundable. Try the tournament for free your first year! Your students may compete free of charge if your school is registering for the first time or has not registered in the past five years. Any arrangements for orwells essay, a change in the date or location for administering the exam must be made directly with the who wrote the american and nature CAV Tournament Director. The only acceptable reason for a change in dates shall be (1) a school's vacation, in which case an orwells earlier exam date will be granted, or (2) inclement weather on the scheduled date. The exam will be given at the school of the participants and may be given on any ONE of the days from March 20-24, 2017 . Schools on vacation that week may request to parts academic paper take the exam the previous week. All students in the same level of Latin MUST be tested at orwells essay, the same time. The Latin teacher MAY administer the exams.

BETWEEN REGISTRATION AND TESTING. By March 1 you (the Latin teacher) will receive an e-mail or fax confirmation of your registration. Please write your e-mail address (and those of all teachers registering students at your school) neatly and correctly on the registration form so the registrar can reach you via e-mail. If you do not receive an e-mail, call or e-mail the CAV Tournament Registrar IMMEDIATELY. Expect the tests and cost of a, testing directions to arrive by March 10 (or earlier if you request an earlier testing date) OR notify your test administrator of orwells, their arrival date. Check with that person on that date. If materials have NOT been received, call or e-mail the CAV Tournament Registrar IMMEDIATELY. Before the exam , get the List of Participating Students from the examination packet. Type or neatly print a list of each student's name, his/her assigned student ID number, which exam he/she is academic taking, and (for Advanced Latin Prose, Caesar, and Advanced Poetry students) his/her level of Latin (and return it to the test administrator, if you are using one). Orwells Essay! This document has been emailed to the teacher, and is pre-filled with the names of your tests and student ID numbers.

This provides a testing roster, which will be mailed with the tests for best essay, accurate spelling of names of award recipients. Essay! If there is bad weather on your prearranged date of testing, contact the CAV Tournament Director IMMEDIATELY for permission to give the test within the next two class days back in school. He needs to research on microsft security plan for late-arriving results. Past exams (and keys) from the Latin Tournament (2005 - 2016) can be found here. TOURNAMENT DIRECTOR AND REGISTRAR: 5809 Chase Commons Ct. #205. The awards on orwells the Latin Tournament are designed to recognize students who have achieved an outstanding performance on their exam. First place winners will receive an engraved Jefferson Cup; second and third place winners will receive medals. Certificates of Honorable Mention will also be awarded as the Tournament Director deems appropriate. If there is a large number of students registered on an advanced level of testing, awards may be subdivided by year of Latin.

If the parts number is small, there may be fewer than three awards. Awards will be announced at the spring meeting of the CAV; if for any reason the orwells essay awards themselves may not be available at that meeting, they will be mailed as soon as possible. Three plaques will be awarded: one to thesis on ufone the public (alpha) school with the most points for first-second-third places, one to the independent (beta) school with the same distinction, and lastly one to the charter, magnet, or governor’s (“gamma”) school with the same distinction. Nota Bene I: Please be advised that the CAV will not publish in its newsletter or on its website the names of student winners whose families do not wish to make that information public. If your school or school system maintains data on which students may or may not allow their names to be published, please advise Kevin Jefferson . It is the responsibility of each individual Latin teacher to orwells inform the tournament director if any students opt out of having their names listed among the winners in the newsletter.

Nota Bene II : Kevin Jefferson is willing to send past issues of CAV Tournament Exams by e-mail to application essay anyone indicating what (s)he would like: Latin One, Latin Two, Advanced Prose, or Advanced Poetry. Orwells Essay! Just e-mail Kevin at: kevinsjefferson@gmail.com . There is no charge for past issues sent this way. CLASSICAL ESSAY CONTEST. Classical Essay Information Available To Print: Word | pdf. The CAV Classical Essay Contest is thesis on ufone designed to recognize those students who have submitted outstanding essays in English on orwells a topic appropriate to each level or class. The contest is open to students in the public and private middle and high schools of Virginia, and homeschoolers, whose teachers are current members of the Classical Association of Virginia. Essays shall be submitted in English in the following divisions:

First Year Latin : Thermae Romanae: A Day at the Roman Bath House ( Division A for students in grade 6-8; Division B for thesis on ufone, grades 9-12) Second Year Latin : Panem et Circenses: The Life of a Roman Gladiator. * Third Year Latin : Memoria et Monumenta: Arches, Columns, Tombs and Other Monuments in the city of essay, Rome. Advanced Latin (Latin III and above*): Vergil : Qualis in Eurotae ripis aut per iuga Cynthi/exercet Diana choros. Plan! Explore the characterization of Dido in Book I of the Aeneid. Poetry : Militat omnis amans : Explore the tension between love and war in Ovidian poetry.

*N.B. : Students who are in their third year of Latin who choose to do the general third year topic will be judged only with other Third Year students. Orwells! They may also submit an essay in one of the advanced topics. This is so that we do not prevent students who are in their third year and doing one of the advanced authors from writing on the author they are currently studying. Those essays will be judged in the same pool as the advanced level students. Essays should be roughly 1000 words, typed double-spaced on single sides of the page . The first page of the essay may include a title. The student's name should not appear on any page of the essay , and academic, the pages of the essay should be numbered . Each entry must come with a COVER PAGE (Word) | COVER PAGE (.pdf). Please use the form provided here.

The cover page shall include: name and home address of the contestant name and orwells essay, address (with city or district) of the school name of the teacher year of Latin studied in 2016-2017 (First, Second, etc., AP is NOT a level) student's grade level essay topic. No help may be received from famous essays any person in the research, preparation, and/or writing of the essay. Orwells Essay! Books and electronic sources may (indeed, generally should) be consulted, provided that all research is completed by the student and proper acknowledgement of plan, intellectual property is given. A list of sources and works cited should be provided at the end of the essay on a separate page. A good on-line source for help in the formal preparation of an essay is Purdue's online writing lab (OWL), which can be found at: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html. Teachers, of orwells essay, course, are allowed to parts academic term guide students toward the essay types of the american scholar and nature, reference material to consult, and provide general instruction on the writing of orwells, a good essay. However, teachers must not provide any editorial feedback to the students. That is, they should not be reading and parts paper, commenting on their students' essays before the final form in which they will be submitted. Essays should present a clear, coherent synthesis of orwells essay, material researched . A lively and well-organized essay is called the american scholar better than a laundry list of essay, facts.

Judges look for verve and imagination in research papers on microsft windows security, the writing, and not merely quantity of research. To this end, it has been the orwells essay policy to accept essays that are closer to creative writing exercises than to plan the traditional expository essay. It is to be understood, however, that the same amount of factual content and critical thought must be in evidence in whatever form the essay essay takes. It should be noted as well that what appears to be a creative approach to writing an essay begins to look less and less creative when essay after essay is written in the same pattern. The fee is $2.00 per student . Teachers who are not members of CAV should send their d ues of $20.00 with the essay entrance fee. Make checks payable to orwells the Classical Association of Virginia . Ineligible entries will be discarded. Please note that by research papers on microsft entering this contest you are giving the Classical Association of orwells, Virginia consent to publish your name in its official publications. Winners' names will be published on the CAV website and in the CAV newsletter. Note also : the winning essays will be posted on the CAV website in who wrote called the american scholar and nature, pdf form. If students do not want their names published and/or essays posted, they should please add a note to that effect on orwells their cover page. The contest closes on Friday, February 24, 2017 . Entries may be submitted electronically or sent through US mail.

Those postmarked after the closing date will be discarded. Winners will be announced and prizes awarded at the Spring meeting. All entries should be sent to: ARTHUR F. Of A Plan! STOCKER LATIN ESSAY CONTEST. INFORMATION AND TOPICS.

1. Orwells Essay! The contest is open only to students in high schools and preparatory schools in thesis on ufone, the Commonwealth of Virginia whose teacher is essay currently a member of the thesis on ufone Classical Association of Virginia and whose dues for 2015-2016 school year have been paid in full at orwells essay, the time when the entry is submitted. 2. No fee is charged for essays entered in the Latin Essay Contest. 3. All entries must be submitted through the Latin teacher. Called The American And Nature! No entries sent directly by the student, or received from any other source than the teacher, will be accepted. 4. Each entry must be accompanied by a written statement from the teacher, specifying. a. Orwells! Both the level of Latin which the student is taking at essays called scholar, the time of submission of the orwells essay and the number of years the student has been taking Latin. b. The author(s) and title of the research windows security basic textbook being used in the course which the entrant is essay taking. 5. Research Security! All entries must be received on or before Monday, April 3, 2017 , and orwells essay, should be sent to: John F. Miller Director, CAV Arthur F. Best Essay! Stocker Latin Essay Contest. University of orwells, Virginia, Department of Classics. B018 Cocke Hall, P.O.

Box 400788 Charlottesville, VA 22904-4788. 6. Essays must be written entirely in thesis on ufone, Latin , and orwells essay, must be on the subject prescribed for the level of Latin the contestant is taking. The subjects for this year are: First Year Latin: De Baccho et Ariadna (100-200 words) Second Year Latin: De morte C. Iulii Caesaris (150-250 words) Advanced Latin: De negotii mercatorum Romanorum in essays called the american scholar and nature, urbe et peregre (200-300 words) 7. If the number of contestants warrants it, there will be separate competitions and awards for students in third-year Latin and for essay, students in fourth- or fifth-year Latin, but this shall be entirely at the discretion of the judges. 1. The first page of each entry shall be blank, except for. a. The full name and home address (including the zip code) of the contestant.

Nick-names should not to be used. b. Business! The full name (including the middle initial) of the contestant's Latin teacher. c. The name and post office address (including zip code) of the school in which the contestant is enrolled. 2. The contestant's name shall appear in the upper right-hand corner of every page submitted, except for the first page (see Rule #1, above). 3. The name of the Latin teacher and the name of the school shall not appear anywhere except on the first page of the entry, as prescribed in essay, Rule #1, above). 4. Contestants may write only on the subject specified for the level of Latin in which they are enrolled. The limitations on academic the number of words for each subject should be carefully observed. 5. No help from any person is permitted in the preparation of this essay. Reference books on Roman literature, Roman life, and essay, Roman history, books about Roman religion, Latin dictionaries, and Latin grammars may of course be used, but a bibliography identifying books that have been used should appear at who wrote essays scholar, the end of the essay. 6. Judging will be based both upon the content of the orwells essay and on Latin usage, but the correctness of the Latin will be the who wrote essays the american and nature most important single factor.

Contestants should make a conscious effort to essay incorporate as many as possible of the new syntactical features of the Latin language that they have encountered for the first time on the level of Latin for which they are currently enrolled. The syllabi for Latin I, Latin II, and Latin III that have been prepared for the use of students taking the Latin Tournament examinations should be consulted. 7. The names of the winners in each competition and thesis on ufone, of those receiving honorable mention will be announced at the spring meeting of the Classical Association of Virginia.. 8. All entries become the essay property of the Classical Association of Virginia, and will not be returned to the writer after judging. Contestants who want to keep a copy should make one for themselves before submittal. The decision of the judges will in of a business plan, all cases be final.

***Nota Bene I: Students who plan to enter the Latin Essay Contest might find a visit to the following Latin chatroom amusing and instructive: http://chat.yle.fi/yleradio1/latini/index.php. ***Nota Bene II: Teachers should inform students that, by entering this competition, they are giving the Classical Association of Virginia permission to publish their names in essay, any of satirical essays, its official publications. This permission is given unless the students make written requests to the contrary. This site designed and maintained by Charlaine D. Essay! Lunsford for parts term paper, the Classical Association of Virginia.