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Ishmael Daniel Quinn Essays and Research Papers. that if they recommend a book to me, I will read it. One of my students recommended Ishmael by Daniel Quinn , which . turned out to papers be my least favorite book ever. On Job Interviews! After the first half, I jotted down some of the reasons why. Here is a list of problems I have with the book, most of the eye which are either logical fallacies or just rhetorical stunts that annoy me. replacing the progress fallacy with the on writing a narrative essay doomsday fallacy Quinn argues against the assumption that things are necessarily getting better, but he. Daniel Quinn , Empirical , Empiricism 1684 Words | 6 Pages. Ms. Antoine Ishmael Analysis The novel Ishmael written by research papers Daniel Quinn is not like any other . novels in the library. The story begins when a nameless narrator reads a newspaper ad that tells about a teacher seeking a pupil to save the world.
The story unravels as the mentor and the student discuss “how things came to problem be this way” in this world and research humankind’s inevitable destiny. What makes this story most interesting is marine officer, that the mentor is papers the eye, not human, but a gorilla named Ishmael , who can transfer. Chimpanzee , Daniel Quinn , Gorilla 932 Words | 3 Pages. 4/15/2010 Plot Summary The book Ishmael by Daniel Quinn is one that questions man’s purpose on earth. The . story begins with the narrator answering a newspaper ad that reads “TEACHER seeks pupil. Must have an mind body essay earnest desire to research the eye save the dream essay world. Apply in person.” The speaker is the eye, convinced that this so called “teacher” must be some kind of hippie/guru. He sets out to meet this teacher in order to help prove to the eye himself it’s a scam. When he arrives to meet this teacher he walks into marine essay, a room and the first. Adam and Eve , Daniel Quinn , Fall of Man 1570 Words | 5 Pages. ? Ishmael The theoretical perspective I plan to use when evaluating the book Ishmael by Daniel . Quinn is the the eye structural / functionalist perspective because it evaluates the subjects that are valued highly in Ishmael . The structural / functionalist perspective consists of a sociological paradigm that all aspects of social life have different levels that enable everyone within the system to find stability, order and a resume meaning.
Ishmael taught me a lot about the way society is and how Takers and. Beyond Civilization , Daniel Quinn , Evolution 2807 Words | 7 Pages. A Taker or Leaver: Chris McCandless’ Side Who are you, a Taker or Leaver? To answer that question, first you must know what a Taker and Leaver is. In . the novel Ishmael by Daniel Quinn , a gorilla named Ishmael describes to the narrator exactly what each one is and many characteristics tied to papers each group. In the story of the tips a narrative Takers, the premise is that the world belongs to research man, while in the story of the Leavers, the premise is mind body problem essay, that man belongs to the world. In the research papers movie, Into the Wild, Chris. Alaska , Christopher McCandless , Daniel Quinn 1464 Words | 4 Pages.
Daniel Quinn introduces us to the idea of help with writing a resume how our civilized society has been born from the ground up, making that the reason we . stand here now. We are prone to making mistakes, so we are in need of someone who can supply us answers, for research the bettering of tips on writing a narrative essay mankind. Humans have lived on their earth from the beginning of time, making the earth’s progress in the hands of man. A culture is research papers, defined as people living the same story that we man see as life. On Job Interviews! We believe this story is what considered “normal or. Daniel Quinn , Earth , Famine 547 Words | 2 Pages.
City of Glass by research papers the eye Paul Auster Essay. Glass is about the 35 years old writer, Daniel Quinn , whose wife and child he has lost. He lives a lonely life in New York, where . he publishes a mystery novel every 5 or 6 months, which makes is possible for him to the crucible encountering live a comfortable life in a small apartment. Research! Quinn seems like a mysterious person from the beginning of the story. Interviews! He hides behind the pseudonym William Wilson, and writes about the research the eye detective Max Work, who he admires. Therefore it is no wonder that Quinn takes the a narrative job as a detective, and pretends. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , Fiction 1556 Words | 4 Pages. Quinn's Character in Paul Auster's City of Glass. departure for a discussion of the research character Quinn –his presentation in the novel and his experience – in City of Glass. In the City of Glass, . Auster creates a sense of uncertainty around the identities of the different characters in the book. Marine Officer! One does not really grasp who is who in the novel because of the complex and multiple layers of the story Austen creates.
The City of Glass asks questions about identity and in the eye this essay I will look at the protagonist ( Quinn ) and his search to understand himself. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , English-language films 1255 Words | 3 Pages. The Dilemma of the Postmodern Writer as Seen Through Paul Auster's City of mind body essay Glass. assumptions had not been thrown out) The core idea of modern nothingness is best portrayed in Paul Auster’s City of Glass from The New York Trilogy. In . the novel, the individual identity withdraws; the the eye protagonist (shall he be called such) Daniel Quinn finds himself challenged by the inexplicable mysteries of his own analysis and identity. On Writing Essay! The main character divides, and research here, New York is the acting catalyst in body essay the progression. Characters, be they human or other chief elements to research the story line. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , In the Country of Last Things 1413 Words | 4 Pages. grows obscure. The information has run out, and essay midsummer theme the events that follow this last sentence will never be known.
It would be foolish even to hazard a guess.” . There are three sets of research persons who are trying to find the truth here. Firstly, there is Quinn who was trying to solve the mystery. Marine! Secondly, there is the papers the eye author himself, who failed to decipher the the crucible encountering words. Thirdly, there are the readers. Papers! We should note that Quinn’s failure impacts upon the reader. By the end of the crucible encountering conflict City of Glass, the the eye reader is lead. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , Novel 2752 Words | 7 Pages. Individuality and despair in mind City of glass and This be the Verse the issue of individual agency and despair. In City of Glass Quinn and research papers the eye Peter Stillmans's personalities and their abilities are profoundly . affected by different events in their lives that are outside of their control and “This Be the Verse” is presented with hereditary faults, namely, genetic flaws that costs complete individual agency that negatively impacts the 'you' in the poem, resulting in despair. Dream Essay Midsummer Theme! The despair experienced by Quinn , Peter Stillman and 'You' in the narratives becomes a challenge. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , In the Country of Last Things 1918 Words | 6 Pages.
Plague which damages more than half of the world as Stephen Quinn goes through the toughest times in his life. Everything that ever existed . Research! was no longer there and the only mind way of surviving was letting go. It had become difficult for citizens to survive. After the research papers the eye loss of his family, everything in his life had become a nightmare. He faces many challenges on his journey and meets many people, some untrustworthy. Although Stephen Quinn from dream, The Eleventh Plague was very dependent on his family, he. 2008 albums , Aerosmith , Apostrophe 1181 Words | 3 Pages.
A review of. Ishmael In the past few centuries there have been a handful of papers the eye books written that offer up ideas about humanity that are so . Essays On Job Interviews! completely new to a reader but are so completely convincing that they can force a reader to the eye take a step back and assess all that they know to be true about their life and their purpose. Daniel Quinn has succeeded in on writing a narrative creating such a book in Ishmael , a collection of new ideas about man, his evolution, and the destiny that keeps him captive. When I began. 2006 singles , Dalai Lama , Daniel Quinn 729 Words | 2 Pages. In the book Ishmael , Daniel Quinn argues claims about our culture and beliefs through Ishmael , the . gorilla. He somewhat effectively argues his claim, I say somewhat because he doesn't adequately use all three parts of an argument: ethos, pathos and papers the eye logos.
Quinn's intended audience is very clearly every Taker/human that is living everyday without really realizing the encountering conflict destruction of the environment and society around them. Research Papers! His rhetorical purpose is to show these people what they're doing wrong and. Critical thinking , Daniel Quinn , Logic 640 Words | 2 Pages. Ishmael An adventure of the mind and spirit The novel Ishmael by essays interviews Daniel Quinn is by far the . most thought-provoking book I have ever read. I have never thought of the human race, as a whole, the the eye way Quinn has stated it in his book. This was a very hard story to take in the first time reading it through, although this has made me think about what I can do to spread the word about encountering essays, what this book has to say. I have always thought of papers agriculture as the body best way for all to live and never looked. Adam and Eve , Book of research the eye Genesis , Daniel Quinn 819 Words | 2 Pages. High School of the crucible essays Engineering and Science Summer Enrichment Science - Class of 2017 Title: Ishmael : An Adventure of the Mind and Spirit Author: . Research! Daniel Quinn All work should be typed. Number each question/answer. All questions need to be answered in your own complete sentences.
ANY plagiarism from the internet or another student will result in a zero! (Plagiarism is the use of words or ideas that are not your own.) Due Date: Monday, September 16, 2013 The narrator of dream essay night theme this extraordinary tale is a man. A Story , Advertising , Cain and Abel 787 Words | 2 Pages. held captive. However, in Daniel Quinn’s 1992 novel Ishmael , the character of Ishmael tries teaching the story’s . narrator to research papers the eye think of ways in the crucible encountering which he has been held captive by both internal and external forces. Society has a way of papers making people feel like they need to do certain things to be successful, so basically society is mind essay, holding people captive by holding them back from living the research papers way they want to.
As humans, we also have ways of marine holding ourselves captive. Research! Ishmael compares our captivity with. Believe , Blindness , By the Way 745 Words | 2 Pages. leave.” -Kellin Quinn . Isn’t that what everyone really wants- what everyone really needs? Not always is a solution to a problem needed. . Essay! Sometimes we just need someone to help us through our tough times and to help us learn from mistakes that have been made. Kellin Quinn understands this.
Not only does he relate to research papers the need to essays on job interviews help friends, but Kellin relates to almost all the research the eye struggles most teens and, well, pretty much all ages witness. It shows in his music. You see, Kellin Quinn is the essay night singer. 2006 singles , Daniel Quinn , Music 626 Words | 2 Pages. Ishmael The book Ishmael , which was written by the eye Daniel Quinn , is an adventure for the human mind and help with writing . for research society as a whole. Throughout the book Quinn explores many factual scientific principals, but the encountering intent of the book is not to give one a lecture on science.
The intentions of Quinn are to discuss and examine the beginnings and also the history of our ecologically dominating culture in which we live in. In this book, Ishmael is a telepathic, highly educated gorilla who explores with his fifth. Agriculture , Daniel Quinn , Human 703 Words | 2 Pages. homogeneity threatened. In the article, The Case for Contamination by Kwame Anthony Appiah, he discusses globalization in terms of contamination and the . effects that it can have on cultures. When relating this article to the views of Daniel Quinn in his novel Ishmael , there are many comparisons when discussing what effects viewing other lifestyles can have on an individual.
Both works of literature illustrate new ideas on worldviews. By thinking globally, we are promoting ideas of diversity. There. Anarcho-primitivism , Change , Cosmopolitanism 672 Words | 2 Pages. University Supervisor: C. Wadso-Lecaros Table of Contents 1 Introduction 3 Quinn embarks on papers the eye, a quest for identity 5 . Quinn enters into an arbitrary world 7 Quinn takes an incomplete look at himself 8 Quinn plays the encountering conflict role 10 Quinn submits to chance 12 Quinn creates a second triad 13 Quinn meets his maker 16 Quinn falls in and out of denial 17 Quinn goes up in words 18 Conclusion 21 Works Cited Jakob Pearson Introduction Paul. Daniel Quinn , David Mazzucchelli , Detective fiction 9251 Words | 26 Pages. hardships and tribulations amongst her family. Her mother Rozelle Quinn displays negative habits of a mother by papers the eye being over controlling of essay her . kids. Rozelle often beat and called her children names out of papers the eye frustration and rage. Tangy Mae and her siblings must step up to the plate in order for the family to make a living without a father figure while dealing with their scolding mother.
In the body problem essay story the Darkest Child the mother Rozelle Quinn is a thirty – five year old tall slender lady with dark grey eyes. Daniel Quinn , Family , Martha Jean Steinberg 471 Words | 2 Pages. Critical Analysis on research papers the eye, Paul Auster's the New York Trilogy. flawed in that he believes the protagonists enter singularly when they are actually called upon by other forces to enter a utopian purgatory and help with writing must . overcome an obstacle to enter the research the eye afterlife. This is first seen in City of Glass, when the hero, Quinn , first travels to meet Peter Stillman.
Upon entering Stillman's apartment Auster narrates: he crossed the threshold and entered the apartment, he could feel himself going blank, as if his brain suddenly shut off. Essay Theme! He had wanted to take in the details. Daniel Quinn , Death , Paul Auster 3143 Words | 8 Pages. Quinn’s Religion In Daniel Quinn’s novel Ishmael, religion clearly plays. Quinn's Religion In Daniel Quinn's novel Ishmael , religion clearly plays an important role with respect to the central theme of . the story. Quinn's broad definition of the term accurately demonstrates our unconditional acceptance of culture today, as well as the research the eye problems that arise from regarding a culture that is interviews, not necessarily true. In the research papers story, Quinn never truly defines religion, despite drawing on several examples of both Eastern and Western religious thought. By leaving religion to be broadly. Belief , Doctrine , Dogma 2301 Words | 6 Pages. ?Michael Gerard Bauer’s 2006 novel Don’t Call Me Ishmael . A Narrative! Tells us about the world which we live in, through the first person narrative of a . fifteen year old boy, Ishmael Leseur. The teenage years are very challenging because throughout this time people are learning more about themselves and their place in the world.
This is the case for research papers Ishmael because he is not the most popular kid in tips on writing school and when he starts higschool it just gets worst. This essay will explore the main theme which is acceptance. Abuse , Bullying , Moby-Dick 1189 Words | 2 Pages. Daniel Johnston: Informative Speech Before the terms Indie, DIY, or Free Music were ever sputtered out of any hipster’s mouth, there was . The Eye! Daniel Johnston. Today I want to tell you about the amazing songwriter Daniel Johnston, and give you some insight on his music, art, and illness. Early life Daniel Johnston was born in January 22, 1961 from a right winged Christian family, at marine, a young age he felt separated emotionally and spiritually. Ever since he got his first tape recorder he became obsessed. Austin, Texas , Butthole Surfers , Carnival 1229 Words | 4 Pages.
Daniel Defoe was born in London in research the eye 1660, third child and a narrative essay first son of James 1. Research The Eye! Daniel received a very good education, as his . Essays! father hoped he would become a minister2, but Daniel wasn't interested. His family was Dissenters, Presbyterians to research papers the eye be precise, and those sects were being persecuted a bit at night theme, this time, so maybe Daniel had the right idea. He was always very tolerant of research papers others' religious ideas himself. His mother died when he was ten, and his father sent him to mind body a boarding school, after which. Daniel Defoe , Ibn Tufail , Man Friday 805 Words | 3 Pages. The Life and Times of Col. Daniel Boone is a non-fiction piece of literature which was written by research papers the eye Nancy Ellis. Marine! This book was published by papers . AuthorHouse, and this book ultimately deals with the adventures of Daniel Boone. Nancy Ellis wrote this book because Daniel Boone was one of the most intriguing people America has ever produced. Marine! Throughout this book there are many examples of how unordinary this man is. From killing a cougar when he was a mere child, to volunteering for the War of research the eye 1812 at an age.
Cherokee , Chuck Palahniuk , Daniel Boone 1047 Words | 3 Pages. Through the struggles of growing up, Daniel Defoe had many influences that changed the style of essay writing which ultimately made him an important . figure in the eye many people’s lives. Officer! His creative and research the eye indecisive style of encountering conflict writing changed the style of writing and some people’s ways of thinking. Defoe thought in a way that made him look in papers the future and not just what is happening at essay midsummer night, present. He had his fair share of papers the eye up and downs. Jail was his home for many years. It gave him a view on life that not every person. Creative writing , Daniel Defoe , Ibn Tufail 2106 Words | 6 Pages. Ishmael Beah’s Families Familys in a childs life has the most impact on officer essay, them. It shows them how to grow up and who to trust. . In the book “A Long Way Home” by Ismael Beah, is a true memoir about a boy named Ismael Beah who grows up with many struggles and the eye no family.
He was only help with about twelve years old when he was performing at a rap group and his village was attacked by the Civil War in Sierra Leone leaving him and research papers the eye his group of friends homeless without their families. Family , Grammatical person , Ishmael Beah 1233 Words | 7 Pages. Don’t call me Ishmael Essay: Throughout Michael Gerard Bauer’s Don’t call me Ishmael , the author frequently displays the . contrasts between the two characters Ishmael Leseur and James Scobie. The two characters help each other find themselves throughout the book. They teach many valuable lessons and prove to us that being yourself rules over all. Firstly, both Scobie and Leseur have lessons they can teach to writing a resume all.
However, I have extracted my most meaningful quotes and sayings from the book. Sayings. 2004 singles , Gerard Way , Interpretation 1673 Words | 4 Pages. Ishmael Culmnating Assignment Ishmael states that we all have a purpose here on earth, I can agree with this statement. . Research The Eye! Because in tips on writing a narrative the novel Ishmael being an “adventure of the mind and spirit” we learn from an research incredibly smart talking gorilla that just like today, that all living being will never stop growing. Ishmael gave us the idea that we humans are the ones who rule this world (in which the society we live in today clearly proves so). People may disagree with Ishmael but we can’t reject.
Africa , Cell , Earth 516 Words | 2 Pages. Week:2 Ishmael Section 1 (pgs. Tips On Writing A Narrative Essay! 1-63 assignment questions) 1.) After reading the ad for the teacher seeking a student, we get some insight . about why the narrator had his reasons for saving the world. He explains that during the the eye 60s and 70s an era known as a time of peace and love he expected to see that the new era had begun, that the sky was a brighter blue and the grass a brighter green. I expected to heat laughter in the air and to see people dancing in the streets, and not just kids-everyone. Adolf Hitler , Aryan race , Earth 1016 Words | 3 Pages. new policy at DSS and new law in South Carolina; it's designed to provide a safe haven for help with a resume abandoned babies. Its name derives from a nurse whom cared for . an infant boy, that she named Daniel , as he recovered in the hospital. Daniel survived after being buried in a landfill soon after birth.
Similar to Daniel , other babies are born to women in calamity. Papers The Eye! Some of midsummer night these babies are left alone, abandoned by mothers who don't plan to return or provide for research papers their care. Although abandoned babies have. Abandonment , Child abandonment , Human rights 1623 Words | 4 Pages. Almost all critical analysis of the crucible essays Daniel Defoe's novel Moll Flanders focuses on the question of research the eye whether the novel should be read realistically or . ironically. Based on the overwhelming amount of critical study focusing on this bifurcation of viewpoints, it seems that choosing one of these interpretations is mind body, crucial in forming a critical appreciation of the novel.
There does exist, however, a small minority of critics who have come to papers the conclusion that both readings are equally valid, with the caveat. Daniel Defoe , Irony , Moll Flanders 2364 Words | 7 Pages. student has no one he considers an appropriate teacher because he needs to have an open mind. His teacher is essay, a gorilla after all, and if the student had a . predisposition towards a human teacher, then he probably would not embrace the teachings of the eye Ishmael . Chapter 2 1. How are you held captive? I am a captive to body problem essay Mother Culture, who has been whispering myths in my ear my entire life. Ever since I was born, I have been told the story of Mother Culture and am now held captive by research papers the eye this story. . Africa , Earth , Homo sapiens idaltu 2007 Words | 6 Pages. Daniel Webster was born on January 18, 1782, in with writing Salisbury, New Hampshire. After graduating from Dartmouth College in research papers the eye 1801, Webster became a . Help With Writing! successful lawyer in Boston. He was elected to the U.S.
House of Representatives in 1812, and later, in 1827, won a seat in the U.S. Senate. A leader of the Whig Party—a group that opposed President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats—Webster ran for the U.S. presidency in 1836. Four years later, in 1840, he was named secretary of state by President William Henry. Daniel Webster , Democratic Party , Millard Fillmore 840 Words | 3 Pages. Old No. Papers The Eye! 7 Nestled in a quiet mountain glen just outside of Lynchburg Tennessee you’ll find the Jack Daniel’s distillery. Started in 1866 by a man named . Essay! Jasper Newton Daniel , he started distilling a sour mash whiskey now known as Jack Daniel’s. “Using spring water free of iron traces, he added the the eye finest white corn, the best rye, and barley malt, both fresh and ripe yeast to make a sour mash, different from with, most bourbons.”(sippin’ whiskey) He let it ferment 24 hours longer than ordinary bourbons. Brand , Brown-Forman Corporation , Dry county 1400 Words | 4 Pages. Reflection to the Book of Daniel and Revelation.
Northern Luzon Adventist College Artacho, Sison, Pangasinan __________ A Reflection Paper for the Subject Daniel and Revelation by: . Jefferson Mendoza Daniel 1 Chapter Summary Daniel chapter 1 tells a story of a 4 young wise men named Daniel , Meshach, Shadrach and research the eye Abed-nego. They were captivated and tips on writing essay brought in papers the eye into the King’s palace for marine officer a grate purpose. However, that purpose is the papers plan of God for His teachings to mind body problem essay be known and thought in the place of Babylon. God had chosen these. Book of Daniel , Daniel 11 , Daniel 2 1757 Words | 6 Pages. plan for a new Nivea product, speed bands which could be used by individuals and sports teams and a new Jack Daniels honey flavor drink. We . knocked about pros and cons of doing each product and eventually decide to go with the Jack Daniels honey flavor. Assigned tasks to be completed for next meeting: Every member of the group is to the eye research past marketing procedures used by the Jack Daniels company and set a target market for our current product. Mind Problem! Date and venue for research papers next meeting: Wednesday 13th February. Consultative selling , Cost , Jack Daniel's 616 Words | 3 Pages. Symptoms 1. Jack daniel traditionally gave the slop for free for decades, then established a price of $2 per thousand gallons, and then . raised to $4.
Because of the low prices and availability of the feed, farmers began to expand their business. Water was being polluted by the excess amount of essays on job cattle being raised. 2. Jack Daniel informed farmers it would stop delivery until proper environmental improvements are made. However, there was no formal written contract stating Jack Daniel will continue delivering. Contract , Dry county , English-language films 609 Words | 3 Pages. ? Character List Ismael Beah: Ishmael is the main character, and the narrator of the story.
He is a young boy that became a child solider in . the Sierra Leone, in research the eye an attempt to fight against essays, the RUF, the rebel soldiers believed to be responsible for the death of his family. He goes on an exceptionally long physical, and emotional journey as a solider, until ultimately UNICEF arrives, and removes him from the papers the eye situation. At the rehabilitation center, after nearly a year, Beah becomes capable of emotions. Acts of the Apostles , Emotion , Family 1734 Words | 9 Pages. September 19, 2011 THE DANGEROUS DAYS OF DANIEL X James Patterson and Michael Ledwidge I would give this book a thumbs up because it had the essay . The Eye! ability to keep my attention, and most books don’t keep my attention. THE DANGEROUS DAYS OF DANIEL X is about a young boy named Daniel who is 15 years old. He is on a mission to kill aliens following a list until his parents’ killer is finally exterminated. This scientific fictional novel starts off with Daniel being a three year old boy, and his parents. Alien , James Patterson , Science fiction film 1016 Words | 3 Pages. ?Social Services Report – Daniel Pelka “we see things not as they are, but as we are” - H.M.
Tomlinson Daniel Pelka . Born 15th July 2007 Died 3rd March 2012 Introduction This report is based on Daniel Pelka. A four year old boy who was starved and beaten to death by his own mother and her partner. In this report I will be looking into Daniels short life and encountering conflict essays identifying what happened to him. I am going to be exploring not only papers the eye what happened but how it was allowed to. Abuse , Child abuse , Concussion 2433 Words | 6 Pages. A Rhetorical Analysis of Prince Daniel. of Sweden finally got her Prince Daniel . They officially became a couple in May 2002. In the years prior to mind the wedding, Daniel . Research Papers The Eye! has appeared more and more in the royal context and their engagement was announced on 24 February in 2009.
The wedding date was set to a resume the 19th of July in 2010. At the wedding reception, after the ceremony, Prince Daniel gave his first official speech as Prince Daniel of Sweden, Duke of papers Vastergotaland. As a public figure, Prince Daniel must master the art of speaking and. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden , Daniel Westling , Figure of with speech 1656 Words | 4 Pages. Daniel Hale Williams was born on the eye, January 18, 1856 in encountering conflict Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania to Daniel and Sarah Williams. . Daniel was the fifth out of eight children. His father was a barber, who later died when Daniel was nine. His mother was unable to manage and provide for all the research the eye children on tips on writing, her own, so she sent some relatives in Baltimore, Maryland. Daniel was apprenticed to papers the eye a shoemaker in Baltimore, which he done for three years while he was still a young child.
He later ran away to join his mother. African American , Black people , Cardiac surgery 838 Words | 3 Pages. NAME: Daniel Hale Williams OCCUPATION: Surgeon BIRTH DATE: January 18, 1858 DEATH DATE: August 04, 1931 PLACE OF BIRTH: Hollidaysburg, . Pennsylvania Daniel Hale Williams (January 18, 1858 – August 4, 1931) was an American surgeon. He was the first African-American cardiologist,and performed one of the mind essay first successful open-heart surgeries in the United States. Research! He also founded Provident Hospital, the first non-segregated hospital in the United States. Daniel Hale Williams was born in. African American , Barack Obama , Cardiac surgery 877 Words | 3 Pages. Notes: a Long Way Gone - Ishmael Beah. A Long Way Gone – Ishmael Beah - Notes Chapter 2 notes The imagery in this chapter is a jarring contrast to chapter one when . Ishmael played music and went to school and had a loving family. It is filled with memories and dream imagery that are horrifying to both Ishmael and encountering essays the reader.
Chapter 3 notes This chapter is filled with contrasts, especially the the eye days of peace versus the days of war. There is also the contrast of mind body problem Ishmael cooking dinner as gunshots ring out throughout the town. There. 2000s music groups , Bankruptcy , Bankruptcy in papers the United States 994 Words | 3 Pages. ? Lee Daniels ’ The Butler Director: Lee Daniels The movie I chose was Lee Daniels ’ The Butler and I chose the on job interviews . characters to talk about. The Butler is a great movie with amazing characters such as Cecil Gaines (Forest Whitaker), Hattie Pearl (Mariah Carey), Gloria Gaines (Oprah Winfrey), Howard (Terrence Howard), Carter Wilson (Cuba Gooding Jr.), and so many more. This movie is a brilliant, but truthful film on a subject that is usually shrouded in wishing thinking. It is based upon papers the eye, the life of. African American actors , American film actors , Glitter 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Daniel Defoe used realism to enhance his novel, Robin Crusoe.
Many critics agree with this statement, while some think that he should have . been more accurate with his realism. Critics also found the book to be very enlightening and help with beneficial to the eye read and they found that it appealed to help a resume a very wide variety of people including the rich and poor and the young and old. Last but not least, some critics found that it showed lack of ability to create characters and research papers events. Daniel Defoe was born to marine essay James. Alexander Selkirk , Daniel Defoe , Hayy ibn Yaqdhan 1989 Words | 6 Pages. Daniel ‘Mad Dog’ Morgan 2010 Christina Chong Society amp; Environment 5/31/2010 In the research papers the eye 19th century bushrangers were classified as . Mind Problem Essay! robbers. They settled in areas like bush and papers forests as their base.
Most of the bushrangers were convicts from Britain who have escaped from assigned penal colonies in dream night theme NSW and Van Diemen’s Land (currently known as Tasmania). By 1850’s an increase of ambush and robbery began because of the gold rush. The last bushranger had disappeared by 1880. Most bushrangers. Bushranger , Constable , Dan Morgan 1124 Words | 4 Pages. Podvidz Coach Floyd Period 1 Dennis Podvidz assignment 1 Mr. . Floyd Ap World Summer Assignment 8-10-12 How Agriculture Has Shaped Man In the novel Ishmael by Daniel Quinn it makes a brave point of how man has taken over Mother Nature and has claimed what is not his due to the fact that Agriculture has shaped man and his potential. Research! In the movie by dream essay midsummer night James Diamond Guns, Germs, and research Steel it strikes a similar note.
Ancient Egypt , Ancient Near East , Assyria 6842 Words | 21 Pages. Seong Jung English 2 Pre-AP/ MYP May 20, 2013 Analysis on Daniel Defoe A man is defined by his experiences, and his experiences are what . make him himself, and his character is essay, what drives him to action. Daniel Defoe is the author of the research papers the eye critically acclaimed 16th century British novel, Robinson Crusoe and its sequel, The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Robinson Crusoe, the protagonist of tips on writing a narrative both novels struggles against the eye, the force of the Almighty, fighting for his own destiny, yet struck with. Alexander Selkirk , Daniel Defoe , Ibn Tufail 1196 Words | 4 Pages. rehabilitation. “ ‘We can be rehabilitated,’ I would emphasize, and point to myself as an example. I would always tell people that I believe children have . the essay resilience to outlive their suffering, if given a chance.” After eight months in Benin Home, Ishmael Beah was repatriated back into society and the eye went to tips on writing a narrative essay live with his uncle from research papers, his father’s side of the help a resume family, a carpenter in Freetown.
His uncle and wife and four children welcomed him with open arms and research Beah went to live in their home. From the verandah. Armed Forces Revolutionary Council , Ishmael Beah , Military use of children 1247 Words | 3 Pages. the course of this paper, I will show how Daniel Day-Lewis’ ethical and essays on job interviews aesthetic framework revolves around his characters by papers the eye (i) compiling and essays . analyzing self-proclaimed explanations throughout multiple interviews and (ii) analyzing Lewis’ existing filmography, particularly his most recent role as the titular character in Lincoln. Defining another person’s ethical and aesthetic stance is always difficult, especially an actor as high profile as Daniel Day-Lewis. The Eye! Often, when a person develops their. Abraham Lincoln , Acting , Actor 1693 Words | 5 Pages.
Narrative Reflection: a Long Way Gone by on job interviews Ishmael Beah. layers underneath it, just like how an onion cannot be an onion without its many supporting layers. A Long Way Gone by papers Ishmael Beah shows the . layers of society through memories. Beah has experienced these layers through war, and explains each one in his memoir. The first, being himself.
When an individual is torn away from his/her parents, moral corruption may be imminent. Once Ishmael and his friends are separated from their families, they are looked down upon by others. With! They are seen as filthy, useless. Community , Family , Ishmael Beah 893 Words | 3 Pages. Archer Daniels Midland INDEX Topic Page No. * About ADM . - 3 * History amp; Evolution - 4 * Value Creation - 5 * Business Model - 6 * Strategy - 8 * Organizational Structure - 9 About ADM . Agriculture , Archer Daniels Midland , Fodder 1913 Words | 6 Pages.
Where is Daniel Dennett? Daniel Dennett was a special ops agent for the U.S. government who was placed in a very unique . situation. Papers! In order to complete a secret government mission presumably during the cold war, he was required to have his brain removed. Dennett had to have his brain removed in order to extract a warhead buried a mile beneath Tulsa, Oklahoma. With his brain removed from dream essay midsummer night, his body, though still connected and in total control of his body through radio transmitters, he asked one. Mind 977 Words | 3 Pages. ? Daniel Defoe’s “The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe”, just as his second and no less of a name amongst classic novels - “Moll Flanders”, was . mounted borderline between journalism and fiction, being based on the true story of Alexander Selkirk – a shipwrecked seaman. With his (Defoe’s) childhood marked by research the eye two amongst the most tragic of occurrences of the tips on writing a narrative seventeenth century: a recurrence of the plague, which at the time took about 70,000 lives, dubbed the Great Plague of London and research the eye the Great Fire.
Daniel Defoe , Great Plague of London , Max Weber 1283 Words | 3 Pages. The new employee is unimportant in Daniel Orozco’s “Orientation” The short story “Orientation” by Daniel Orozco is a unique . story. Orozco never introduces the narrator or the audience. The story appears to be, just as the title specifies, an orientation for a person entering a new job. The story, however, delves deep into the lives of officer several employees throughout the story.
The lives of the eye these employees and their interactions become the most important part of Orozco’s work and the main character. Character , Daniel Orozco , Fiction 954 Words | 3 Pages.
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5 Tips for Telling Better Stories. This post is part of my ongoing effort to glean useful career skills from research attending more arts and cultural events. William Lee and dream midsummer theme Rick Patrick are the co-creators of research papers, #8220;Talkingstick,#8221; a performance series that is part of the increasingly popular storytelling movement where people stand up before a live audience and tell stories. I know Master Lee (his stage name) and Mr. Patrick because we play poker together, and I#8217;ve noticed something interesting about them: As experienced storytellers, they are so familiar with spotting exaggeration and lies that they can quickly identify a bluff in officer, a poker game. It is well established that being a good storyteller is a useful skill in careers (and not just for journalists and the eye poker players). We need to tell stories all the time #8212; to essay midsummer theme, position ourselves in the job market, to papers the eye, pitch a new business idea to help with a resume, investors, to explain why a failure was actually a success, and so on. I recently attended a #8220;Talkingstick#8221; show and sat down with Master Lee and Mr. Patrick to learn some of the techniques they use to research, tell good stories. Here#8217;s what I learned: 1. Keep it simple. The Crucible Conflict Essays. The brain gets overwhelmed when trying to process too much information.
2. Openings and closings are very important. When Master Lee and Mr. Research Papers. Patrick organize their shows, they make sure to begin and end the evenings with their strongest material since this is problem essay often what stays with the listener. That is the same reason skilled public speakers often memorize the beginning and ending of a speech but allow themselves to improvise more in the middle. 3. Be mindful of your story#8217;s spine. If your story has six parts, all six parts must be essential. Beware of tangents: if something goes too far astray, you will probably lose your audience#8217;s attention. 4. Make sure not to research, alienate your audience.
When speaking about delicate subjects or things that have the potential to officer essay, offend, carefully plan your approach. Mr. Research Papers. Patrick tells a story about a pedophile priest in his hometown, but he has crafted the story in a way that draws listeners in before he reveals the sensitive details. #8220;When I was 15, something happened in my hometown that you don#8217;t mention,#8221; he begins. Later he draws the audience in further by adding, #8220;You all know you had one in the crucible essays, your hometown, too.#8221; 5. Tell the truth. Research Papers The Eye. According to Mr. Patrick and Master Lee, if you are not telling the truth, listeners will know.
Even stand-up comics #8212; who are permitted exaggeration #8212; perform best when their material stems from the truth. Failure to make comfortable eye contact (usually by looking away or looking too long) or providing too much information are two common tip-offs that someone is not telling the truth. These might come in officer essay, handy for calling someone#8217;s bluff at research the eye the poker table. But in business, things can be a little more subtle. #8220;A certain amount of lying is the crucible encountering conflict essays ingrained in the business world,#8221; Mr. Research. Patrick said. #8220;We#8217;ve all heard #8216;everything is fine#8217; right before the company#8217;s demise.#8221; In those instances, it#8217;s a good idea to look for problem essay an excess of jargon. Remember, good stories can be told in simple language.
Comments are no longer being accepted. Good post Marci. Research. Storytelling is huge in business #8212; the Silicon Valley Junto devoted one session to discussing this very topic. Great post and great advice! These are very useful storytelling tips, ones that we use often in our business of marketing and media relations for nonprofits. When pitching a story, sending a press release, or talking to the media, it is essential to keep your messages clear and compelling.
The age old composition class adage is true, to write or tell an effective story, stick to what you know. We all have problem telling stories. I am not a natural storyteller, and I#8217;m very aware that effective leaders usually are good storytellers. Officer. I would love to learn more about how to tell a good story, not to research the eye, go compete or perform somewhere, but to hold a group#8217;s attention the on writing a narrative, next time I#8217;m leading a meeting or even socializing with colleagues. I work in an area of human resources, where storytelling is abound. Research Papers The Eye. I would say to be cautious of slick-talking Ivy degree people.. some are just filled with lies.
Not all, just some are expert at help #8220;story tales.#8221; It#8217;s so cool that you interviewed #8220;Master Lee#8221;. I have seen him perform around the city for many years, and it is great to see how a performer can make a living doing his art. A very interesting post. Any suggestions for folks on where and how to learn or improve their storytelling skills? I have always admired those who can tell a great story. It has been my experience that the research, most. successful professionals are very good at storytelling. If there is a group(similar to ToastMasters)where one can learn to be better storytellers, I would sure like to join. I love your blog Marci! Interesting post Marci.
It#8217;s for these very reasons that I believe the future is online resume portfolios with videos, audio, documents and photos as a way to dream essay midsummer night theme, tell your story in a captivating way! First Student Resume Network. Research The Eye. good story thats all. Shifting Careers is a column and conflict essays blog that highlights the newfangled ways we are custom-blending careers, and shares tips for research papers doing it better. The column appears in mind problem essay, the Business section of the paper on the fourth Thursday of the month. It also appears exclusively online once a month. In between, the conversation continues on this blog.
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ESSAY VI: HUMAN EVOLUTION AND THE IMAGE OF GOD. In the speech he sought to read into the court record following the verdict in the Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925, creationist champion and trial prosecutor William Jennings Bryan restated Charles Darwin's arguments for human evolution set out in papers the eye, the 1874 edition of help a resume The Descent of Man , and proceeded to challenge them. There Darwin had argued that human beings were the distant descendents of an arboreal Old World primate (Darwin 263). Bryan noted, with some scorn, that Darwin also gave some fanciful reasons for research believing that man is more likely to have descended from the dream essay midsummer night theme, chimpanzee rather than the gorilla (Bryan 326). He went on to condemn Darwin's argument. Papers? And he was not alone. So many people said then, and mind essay still say, that they cannot accept the the eye, notion that they are descended from apes or monkeys.
I have learned to patiently keep on explaining that neither Darwin nor any other scientist studying human evolution has ever asserted that humans are descended from apes. What all have said is that the hominids, which include our species Homo sapiens , and the other primates, to which the family of the great apes belong, diverged from marine a common ancestor millions of the eye years ago. That part Bryan and a lot of other people have gotten wrong. Night? Furthermore, it turns out that Darwin's hypothesis was right on the issue of relationship. The great apes are, biologically speaking, distant cousins; we humans are closer genetically to the African chimpanzees. Nevertheless, these distinctions do little to allay the visceral feelings evoked by the thought of human descent from primates. The Eye? I've sometimes described it to my students as the King Kong effect.
In the 1933 film by that name, the sight of that giant ape climbing New York's tallest building with a beautiful blond in one hand, and snapping at harassing airplanes as he grips the building with the other, sought to on job, stir deep, fearful emotions about primates. In a similar way the research the eye, sight of trained chimpanzees performing silly tricks at their handler's behest may evoke an encountering conflict amused contempt. Papers? Surely we humans, who are made in the image of God, cannot be the descendents of, or related to, these dirty, disgusting, and fearsome creatures. Many Christians reject the theme, notion of human evolution on purely biblical and theological grounds. They assert that the the eye, Bible's creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 are historical fact, and interpret them to mean that God separately created each species. Especially, God created a first couple, Adam and Eve, superior to dream theme, all other forms of life in that they bear the divine image and research papers the eye likeness. Encountering Conflict? So, human evolution raises serious issues of faith for many Christians about the research, historicity of Adam and the claim that humans bear the image of God. To address these issues, I divide this essay into two parts.
In the first I survey briefly the empirical evidence for encountering conflict essays human evolution from the primate lineage, based upon physical anthropology, genetics, and research papers the eye radioactive dating. Essay? In the second I reflect upon papers the eye the implications of these scientific discoveries for theology and biblical interpretation. Can an evolving humanity be said to bear the help writing a resume, image of God? I'll argue that it can. When Charles Darwin published the papers the eye, first edition of The Descent of Man in 1871, he already had an expectantly waiting audience. In it they found an argument, developed in considerable detail, to support a hypothesis of human evolution. Darwin used examples from comparative anatomy to make his case.
He also argued that human emotions and moral sense had also evolved (Darwin 305). Body Problem Essay? In the 130 years since, paleontologists, geneticists, and physical and cultural anthropologists have amassed a much greater collection of physical evidence that has made the case for papers the eye human evolution a much more compelling one. In this section, I present a summary of some of that evidence (leaving aside arguments from the new disciplines of sociobiology and evolutionary psychology) for a common lineage of hominids and other primates. Then I shall review current views about hominid evolution. From both an evolutionary and a taxonomic point of view, human beings belong to the order of Primates. This order includes, among others, old world monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, gibbons, and new world monkeys. Obvious similarities in skeletal structure between humans and apes provided Darwin with evidence for ancestral relationship. Humans and other primates also share such traits as nails instead of encountering essays claws, prehensile hands, opposable thumbs, erect postures, increased reliance on vision, identical number of teeth (in apes and humans), relatively large and complex brains, lengthened periods of maturation, and papers the eye habitation in year-round social groups containing members of both sexes (Poirier and with a resume McKee 47-48). In the late 20 th century, advances in genetic research have provided direct evidence for research the eye genealogical relationships and have bolstered the evidence based on marine essay anatomical similarities. While varying models of the primate family tree exist, there is a pretty firm consensus now that human beings are genetically most closely related to research, chimpanzees, then to gorillas, then to tips, other primates (Poirier and McKee 50).
This hypothesis has been strengthened by comparative studies of such common proteins as the hemoglobins, cytochromes, and serum albumins (Price 266). For example, the cytochrome-c molecule in humans and research the eye chimpanzees contains the essays interviews, same 104 amino acids in research the eye, exactly the same sequence (Ayala 35). Using a technique that compares primate serum albumin, researchers established that chimpanzees are least dissimilar in albumin structure from humans, followed by gorillas. In fact, the officer essay, analyses of many of these proteins yield the same results: human and research chimpanzee proteins are 99% identical in structure (Price, 266-268). These and many other kinds of the crucible encountering conflict essays comparisons at the molecular level are so conclusive as to justify, on the basis of molecular structure alone, status as sibling species (Price, 269). If hominids and other primates are so closely related, when did they diverge? Using DNA analysis scientists have provided varying results. One study estimates that the human and chimpanzee lines diverged between 7.7 and 6.3 million years ago (mya), and that the gorillas split off earlier, approximately 8-10 mya.
As its own lineage developed, the research the eye, family of Hominidae , to which the genus Homo and our species Homo sapiens belong, developed traits that have set its members apart from other primates. These include adaptations of the skeleto-muscular system to allow straight-knee bipedalism, loss of opposability in the big toe, increased cranial height and capacity, and dental changes leading to reduced projection of the face. And humans have developed, as no other primate has, the abilities of language, abstract and symbolic thought, culture and essays interviews technology, the ability to research papers the eye, think about the past and plan for the future, to think about the differences between what is and help with writing what ought to be (Poirier and McKee 53-54), and to communicate experiences of transcendence. Hominid Evolution: Early and Now Extinct Genera. It has been easier to establish the similarities and differences between humans and papers the eye other primates than it has to establish the lineages and relationships between the various, now extinct hominids and help modern human beings.
Over the past eighty years more and research papers the eye more fossils of previously unknown hominids have been unearthed, particularly in Africa but also in Asia and Europe. Their bones, especially skulls, have brought to light previously unknown species. Anthropology, radioactive dating techniques and genetic analyses have succeeded in providing hypothetical timelines for the emergence and the crucible encountering essays extinction of our hominid ancestors. However, evidence to date is not extensive enough to determine a clear phylogenetic lineage. The Eye? A family tree cannot yet be drawn. Nevertheless, by essays the end of the research papers, twentieth century anthropologists have looked over the numerous fossils of the family Hominidae gathered since the 1920s and grouped them into three genera (pl. of genus). Encountering Conflict? They are, from the oldest to the most recent, Ardipithecus , Australopithecus , and Homo . Ardipithecus : Nearly six million years ago, a creature already exhibiting features of bipedalism inhabited the forests of what is now the continent of Africa.
Ardipithecus has yielded fossils of its earliest species, A. ramidus kadabba , that have been dated between 5.3 and 5.8 mya. Many of its features are anatomically similar to those of the papers the eye, great apes; in other features, though, …the fossils resemble later hominids Given its numerous chimp-like features, this genus appears to a narrative essay, have emerged early on the hominid lineage at a time close to research papers the eye, that of the help writing, common hominid-chimpanzee ancestor (Leakey and research Walker 19). The Crucible? . Fossil remains of two other creatures discovered in Africa in 2002 and 2001 may or may not push the lineage of Ardipithecus back even further. The oldest, named Sahelanthropus tchadensis , discovered in the part of Africa known as the Sahel, has been dated back to 7 mya, even closer to the point of divergence. The fossil remains of research a creature named Orrorin tuganensis , are also older. While their discoverers assert that the specimens align them with the hominid family, other anthropologists disagree, and at this point no conclusive argument can be made (Wong 4-13). Australopithecus : The latest Ardipithecus remains have given this genus an existence of at least one million years, but at some point it became extinct. A new one emerged about a narrative, 4 mya, and dozens of individuals and hundreds of fossils discovered in eastern and southern Africa, reliably dated using potassium-argon dating techniques, bring the papers, lifetime of this genus, Australopithecus , up to about 1.8 mya. The most famous find, the female Lucy lived some 3.5 mya (Johanson and Edey); her relatively complete skeletal remains show that she walked fully erect, and that while she displays some ape-like features her many distinctly hominid features place her in the latter lineage (Leakey and Walker 15). Encountering? Australopithecines in research papers the eye, general were of smaller stature and possessed smaller skulls and braincases than members of the genus Homo . No evidence for the use of fire or tools exists, and almost certainly Australopithecus had not yet developed language (Hurd 214). Lucy is but one specimen of a number of different species of australopiths.
Her discoverer named her species A. afarensis , but an even earlier species, A. amanensis , dated back to 4 mya, exhibits a number of the crucible interesting features. Some appear to be holdovers from the era around the hominid-chimpanzee split; others display advanced features associated with true hominids. A later, so-called robust, group of australopiths have been given the name Paranthropu s, as they exhibit features that bring them closer to their relatives of the genus Homo . They include remains that have been dated from research papers about 3 mya to about 1.8 mya (Tattersall, 2003, 23). The study of hominid evolution is in with writing a resume, a state of flux as the research, twenty-first century begins. Many more skeletal remains of the dream essay midsummer, genus Homo have been found than of the earlier pithecines, and research papers sites have been discovered with remains of campfires, meals, and burials. Anthropologists have not yet reached a consensus regarding the classification of certain specimens, or of mind problem their relationships, although the notion of a linear descent has been largely abandoned, and there is general agreement that the biological lineage that led to modern humans has been marked, like those of papers the eye other animal species, by diversity.
We modern humans are but one of several twigs on the hominid branch, and there appears to have been a long period during which several species were contemporaries, perhaps living in proximity and competing with one another. This is tips on writing, most evidently the research, case with Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis . While clear links have not been established, fossil remains argue for the emergence of new hominids in officer, a strong unbroken sequence from Australopithecus to Homo erectus to Homo sapiens . They include, in gradual stages over several million years, (1) reduction in research, the size of canine teeth, (2) development of a larger braincase and a more complexly organized brain, (3) reduction in the maxilla (facial area), (4) increase in body size, and (5) decrease in size difference between males and mind body females. The Eye? Although it cannot be proven, the simplest conclusion is that the latter forms were descended from the earlier ones (Hurd 220, 230). There is officer, also general agreement that the first members of our genus were living in Africa about 2.5 mya. Bones unearthed in sub-Saharan Africa have been assigned to a species named H. habilis . Crude tools found with them suggest to some anthropologists a considerable cognitive leap, heralding the research, arrival of a new genus. A contemporary eastern-African H. Problem Essay? ergaster made an appearance probably around 1.5 mya and may have been responsible for another technological innovation, the hand axe (Tattersall, 200l, 198-201; Tattersall and Matternes 22-25).
Some of the first specimens of a new arrival, Homo erectus , were first found in Asia, and papers the eye originally referred to as Peking man and Java man. Body Problem Essay? Their body size approaches modern humans, although their average cranial capacity of about 1000cc is smaller than the 1400cc average of the research papers, modern human. From skeletal evidence of a striding gait some hypothesize that this Homo was one of the first wanderers. Night Theme? H. erectus appears in research papers, the fossil record from about 1.8 mya to about 200,000 years ago. Anthropologists disagree whether the species arose in Africa and migrated to help, Europe and the Far East, or whether their homeland was located somewhere in the latter regions (Hurd 220; Tattersall, 2001, 203; Tattersall, 2003, 42-43). A hominid species named H. heidelbergensis , found in research, Africa but named from later specimens found in Europe, appeared about 600,000 years ago. This hominid used fire, constructed huts and made crude tools, including throwing spears that indicate they were hunters as well as foragers. Several anthropologists speculate that H. Encountering Essays? heidelbergensis was the common ancestor of H. The Eye? neanderthalensis and H. sapiens (Tattersall, 2003, 26) None of our now extinct ancestors has engendered so much fascination as the Neanderthals, thanks to the many remains which allow a more detailed reconstruction of their history. The earliest fossils, found mostly in dream essay midsummer night, Europe but a few also in Africa and Asia, indicate that the Neanderthals appeared about 200,000 years ago.
The last Neanderthal disappeared from the earth only 25,000 years ago, a mere blink of an eye in research the eye, the hominid timeline. Their skeletal remains show many similarities with modern humans, but there are enough differences in the forms of the skull and other features to argue for a separate species. Their cultural remains certainly show an advance over previous species, including the finest flint tools yet crafted. They also practiced inhumation (Tattersall, 2001, 204-205; Wong, 29-30). Yet anatomically modern humans, H. Marine Officer Essay? sapiens , who appear on the scene around 130,000 to 120,000 years ago (though some anthropologist argue for an even earlier 180,000 years ago), show many cultural differences that reveal superiority in thinking and making artifacts, as well as many anatomical features that differ from their Neanderthal contemporaries. Among the latter are a smaller face, a higher forehead, and a less robust postcranial skeleton (Hurd 218).
There is also clearer evidence that these humans possessed language, and a much greater capacity for symbolic representation. Artifacts dating back to 40,000 years ago show far more variety and sophistication in materials and workmanship. Our early H. sapiens ancestors created finely-made tools, delicately worked ivory, bone and antler, ornamental beads, and bone flutes with complex sound capabilities. They buried their dead, and produced some of the finest art known up to research papers, that time--cave drawings, paintings, and sculptures. The human family we are members of marine essay had arrived (Tattersall, 2001, 205). There is another question that engages anthropologists: has H. sapiens descended from a widely dispersed precursor or arisen from one location? The majority of anthropologists favor the Out of research Africa theory.
Calling attention to conflict, the evolutionary fact that new species populations tend to emerge in one area and then spread out over a wider geographical range, its proponents argue that modern humans began in Africa and from there spread into the Near East, Asia, and Europe. These wandering populations replaced Neanderthal and remaining H. erectus populations (Tattersall, 2003, 38-45). The opposing view has been dubbed the Multiregional Hypothesis by its advocates. Modern humans, they argue, descended from already wide-spread H. erectus populations. Interbreeding between various populations led to papers, exchanges of varying genetic traits (gene flow), out of the crucible which emerged anatomically modern humans. Physical differences resulted from isolated developments in different regional populations (Thorne and Wolpoff 46-53). However, a third group argues for a compromise between these two theses: Out of Africa best explains developments in Africa and Western Eurasia, while Multiregional developments accounts for Eastern Asia phenomenon. Whatever the truth, all of the the eye, evidence from body fossil and DNA studies indicates a strong biological unity of modern humans. We humans truly are all related. To keep this survey brief, I have had to leave out a number of the eye details that would have provided more evidence for human evolution.
The gaps in the fossil record encourage some to continue to doubt the reality that we humans have evolved from an earlier hominid species. Yet, the large number of fossils of obviously different species makes it clear that we are not the only hominid forms that have appeared in on job, history. And since all are genetically related, our descent from previous forms is the most likely scientific explanation. Part II: THEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF HUMAN EVOLUTION. How have Christians, in particular evangelicals, reacted to the scientific evidence that a continuum exists between pre-human and human creatures?
If one believes that the creation is a kind of Book of Nature, a metaphor that theologians for centuries have used, then all of the data from fossil, genetic, and research papers radioactive dating studies that support the conclusion that we humans have evolved from an earlier hominid species cannot simply be dismissed out of hand. But if the Christian believer takes this evidence seriously, then what is she or he to make of the biblical stories and the crucible conflict references that appear to depict a separate creation by God of a first man and woman? And how is one to understand that human beings are created in the image and likeness of God, in the eye, the light of human evolution? Is there a way to harmonize the evidences from the two books, as theologian Charles Hodges (1797-1878) asked? Is there a way to reconcile the place of essay Adam in Scripture and theology with the research papers the eye, fossil and DNA evidence that our biologically united modern human species emerged on the scene between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago?
Evangelicals have responded in various ways. For the problem, rest of this essay, I'll briefly outline a few positions, and then conclude with theological reflections I share with many other Christians about the meaning of research imago Dei , the image of God in on job, humanity. Young earth creationists (YECs) believe that the Bible is infallible and inerrant in all areas of knowledge (see essay III), and that the creation stories in Genesis 1-3 present scientific and research papers historical truth about origins, including human origins. They interpret the text to mean that Adam was literally speaking the first human being, created directly by God some 6,000 or so years ago. Since the Bible is the word of essay God, its statements, they assert, must be superior to any conclusions of science. Arguments for human evolution, they claim, are speculative and the eye based on only a small number of uncertain remains. Creationist J. Woodmorappe, after criticizing evolutionary interpretations of hominid fossil evidence, states that H. ergaster, erectus, heidelbergensis and neanderthalensis are all racial variants of modern man, descended from Adam and Eve and representing the separations that took place after the tower of Babel incident (Woodmorappe 13). Anyone who has carefully examined the skeletal remains of these species will recognize that this assertion is without scientific merit. The differences between these species are so marked that this claim requires a rapid devolution from a common ancestor (i.e., their Adam) into essay hominid forms that then disappeared unremembered during historical times. The mind boggles at such a defiance of reason and common sense.
But this argument, specious as it is, does exemplify the Conflict approach to science and research the eye faith: YECs absolutely reject any evolutionary interpretation of empirical data that contradicts their literalistic interpretation of the Bible. I'll examine their methodology in a later essay. Many evangelicals accept the evidence for an ancient earth and for hominid precursors to tips on writing essay, H. sapiens and at the same time maintain that the figure of Adam in Genesis is historical. These concordists, using anthropological evidence, recognize that the writer of Genesis 2-4 has described the family of Adam as cultivators of domesticated plants and herders of animals; as well as metalworkers who made utensils and research papers musical instruments. The biblical record, they say, describes human cultural developments in essay, the ancient Near East that do not go back more than 10,000 years ago, the beginning of the research papers, Neolithic Age. Dick Fischer argues that Adam lived between 4,000 and 5,000 years before Christ, at the point when the help a resume, Neolithic Age was merging into the Bronze Age, around 3500 BC (Fischer 1).
Others disagree with this chronology, since cities (see Gen. 4) first appear ca. 9,000 BC. If Gen. 2-4 is research papers, based on historical anthropology, then one has to account for essay the evidence from physical anthropology and archeology that H. sapiens appeared prior to 100,000 years ago. The concordists attempt to papers the eye, do so. Fischer, for example, asserts that one can hold to essay, the view that God separately created Adam and Eve, but that their descendents intermarried with an indigenous population of pre-Adamites (e.g., Cain's wife), thus merging with the long line of research papers the eye H. sapiens and encountering conflict essays its hominid ancestors. Adam and Eve, while historical persons, are not to be literally understood as the first humans, but rather as the first God created to function as God's representatives (Fischer 1). They were the the eye, first to bear the image of God. James Hurd criticizes this argument: If Adam lived at the time of the Neolithic, how should we classify these pre-Adamic forms so abundant in mind problem, the fossil record?
If they walked like humans, worked like humans, and worshipped like humans, were they not human? Did they not have ‘godness' [i.e., the ‘image of God']? (Hurd 224-225). I would add, what sense does it make for God to the eye, separately create two humans who have the same DNA and basic protein molecules, and are similar in every other way to all humans who descended from those who appeared more than 100,000 years ago? Other scenarios have Adam and Eve appearing as early as 40,000 years ago, a time during which archeologists note a cultural explosion: the on job interviews, presence of more sophisticated stone tools, cave art, and ritual burials. Hugh Ross suggests on the basis of certain male chromosomal studies that all male humans are descended from a single ancestor (his Adam) who lived between 7,500 and 60,000 years ago (Ross). Pushing the chronology back, however, does not eliminate the objections stated above, and such an Adam would not fit the description of the Neolithic farmer and his family depicted in Gen. 2-4.
Imago Dei : the Image of God. There are other and better ways, I think, to understand the figures of Adam and research papers Eve. Mind Body? One is to apply the principle of accommodation (described in essay III) the Holy Spirit inspired the writer of Genesis 2-4 to papers, depict the origin of mind body problem humankind in a way that was comprehensible to the people of his time. Another interpretation has been adopted by many Christians, including some evangelicals: the figures of Adam and papers the eye Eve are to be taken as representative theological symbols of humanity in tips a narrative essay, its origins and not as the literal, historical first man and woman (Collins 482-488; Hyers 149). Understood in this sense, Adam and Eve in Gen. 2-4 are identified with the unnamed figures of man and woman referred to in the separate account of creation given in Genesis 1--the male and female who bear the image of God. This interpretation allows one to the eye, frame a different and more fundamental question: how does one understand theologically the meaning of imago Dei in an evolving humanity? We shall begin by exploring interpretations of the phrase image of God itself. Historically, Christian theology has provided a number of interpretations: the image refers to the divine gifts of love and the crucible conflict essays compassion, or intellectual and moral reasoning and research papers the eye imagination, or creativity, or free choice. In this essay, however, I shall focus on the formative biblical texts that have provided the foundation for essays interviews subsequent theological reflection.
Most Protestant and research Roman Catholic thinkers agree on on job interviews their meaning. In Genesis, the image of research God is connected with two fundamental notions, relationship and stewardship . The first refers to the relationship or communion between man and woman (and by extension within the whole human family) and the relationship between humanity and tips a narrative essay God. To display the research papers the eye, divine image is to be in the kind of loving and harmonious relationship depicted in the chapters 1 and 2 of essays interviews Genesis between God, the man and papers the woman, and between God and the whole creation. Stewardship extends the dream essay midsummer, notion of relationship for human beings to the rest of creation: humans are given dominion and entrusted to care for, that is, to serve (Gen. 2:7), the earth. Human beings are to image God by treating each other and the rest of creation in the way God intends the creation to be treated—with love and care (Miller, 1993; Finlay 20-21; Communion and Stewardship , I, chap. 1.7-10). As Malcolm Jeeves states: the meaning of research papers ‘the image of God' is thus to be found in the human vocation, given and enabled by God to relate to officer essay, God as God's partner in covenant, to join in research, companionship with the human family, and in relationship to the whole cosmos in ways that reflect the covenant love of God (14, 26). Marine Officer? Love and papers compassion, the very traits that can be said to be literally true of encountering conflict essays God, are the very traits that humanity is to research papers, mirror in its relationship to the creation. (I shall explore the tips on writing a narrative, implications of this teaching for Christians' obligation to care for the earth in a later essay.) The New Testament extends the notion of imago Dei in its declarations that Jesus Christ is the image of the invisible God (2 Cor. 4:4; Col.
1:15; Heb. 1:3). In the saving work of research Christ, humanity is offered the problem, gift of grace that enables the believer to the eye, work into essay midsummer theme the image of Christ through the power of the research papers, Holy Spirit: to tips on writing essay, be conformed to Christ, as St. Paul put it (Rom. 8:29; 2 Cor.
3:18). The divine image given in creation and disfigured through sin can be realized to its fullest by living into the image of Christ, for research the eye Christ became human in order to display in with a resume, its wholeness the image of God, and restore it to all of humanity. The Eye? Through Christ Jesus, in encountering, whom the fullness of God dwells, the believer may finally realize the fullness of communion with God, with one another in the Body of Christ, and with all of creation ( Communion and Stewardship , I, chap. 1.11-12). If this is the biblical understanding of what it means to research papers, be created in the image of God, then does it require a separate creation for a narrative essay human beings, that is, for H. sapiens , to be made in this image? Robin Collins, Grahame Finlay, Malcolm Jeeves, Keith Miller, and research papers the eye other evangelicals think that it does not; nor do I. As Finlay wrote, That God created human beings (Gen. 1:27; Ps. 100:3) does not imply instantaneous action. With? God's creation of humanity encompasses past primate history, the present, and whatever is to come. The sweep of the eye human evolution illustrates how God's work of creation is a continuing relationship of help with writing a resume dependence between the world and God, a continuing act of research papers the eye God's will, an eternal covenant relationship (Finlay 16-17). And accepting the notion of an evolving human species can still leave a place for the figure of Adam as a historical reference, as Robin Collins argues.
He suggests that Adam can be seen as representing in a symbolic way the father of the first group of evolving hominids who gained moral and spiritual awareness (Collins 486; without, I would suggest, insisting that one locate this awareness in a specific population, time and place). Genesis itself implies that humanity and all the other living beings are made of the same stuff and given the same breath of life (Gen. 2:7, 9, 19, cf. Eccl. 3:19-21; Miller 1993), and modern science has shown that we share the same DNA and other molecules with virtually all living things (Finlay).
If the divine image has emerged in humanity through an evolutionary process, it has done so also through God's providence. It does not denigrate either God or humanity to hold that God's creative evolutionary processes brought humanity to a point where it would be capable of expressing those qualities that both Scripture and theology have associated with the image of God. (Many Christians believe that there had to be a historical Adam and Eve who fell from grace and infected humankind with original sin. Otherwise, there would not have been a need for Christ to come and save humanity. The Crucible Conflict? I shall address this issue in a later essay.) Concluding scientific postscript. In her book Wild Heritage , wildlife biologist Sally Carrighar describes a visit with a female orangutan in a zoo several years ago. They sat and studied each other for some time. After a while, Carrighar began to think about how all the beauty of life and of creatures like herself and this ape could be destroyed in a nuclear exchange. It was during the Cold War: the US and the Soviet Union mutually threatened one another with massive nuclear armament. Carrighar stared at the floor of the cage, saddened by her thoughts, when she was awakened out of her meditation by a gentle touch on her arm.
She looked up and into research papers the compassionate gaze of the orangutan, who, seeing her distress and sadness, reached out to comfort her. When I read this story many years ago, it left a deep impression on me, and I have often shared it with my students when we discussed human evolution. This moment and many others between such gentle primates and humans who have lived among them have convinced me that we share with them more than anatomical, genetic, and tips a narrative molecular connections. I believe that we also share capacities for affection and compassion. Stories like these give the lie to the false images we hold about other primates--of dangerous, sexually threatening, clownish and research papers the eye dirty creatures that we shrink from seeing as our relatives. It is they who are in danger from us as humans take over their habitats and poachers slaughter them in great numbers. If there is an image problem here, it is in our failure to mind body problem essay, see other primates as they really are—our cousins in creation—and reveal to them the research the eye, image of God by entering into a relationship of care and compassion. Ayala, Francisco J., The Evolution of Life: An Overview, in An Evolving Dialogue: Theological and Scientific Perspectives on Evolution , edited by James B. Miller.
Harrodsburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2003, p. 9-52. Bryan, William Jennings, Proposed Address in the Scopes Case, in The World's Most Famous Court Trial: Tennessee Evolution Case . Cincinnati, OH: National Book Company, 1925, p. 320-339. Carrighar, Sally, Wild Heritage . New York: Ballantine Books, 1971. Collins, Robin, Evolution and Original Sin, in Perspectives on an Evolving Creation , ed. by Keith B. Miller. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003, p. 469-501. Darwin, Charles, The Descent of Man , in marine, Darwin , selected and edited by Philip Appleman. Norton Critical Edition. New York: W. W. Norton, 1970. Finlay, Graeme, Homo divinus : the research, ape that bears God's image, Science and Christian Belief 15 (2003) 17-40. (website) Fischer, Dick, In Search of the Historical Adam: Part I, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 45 (1993) 45ff. (website)
Hurd, James, Hominids in the Garden? in Perspectives on an Evolving Creation , p. 208-233. Hyers, Conrad, The Meaning of Creation: Genesis and Modern Science . Dream Midsummer? Atlanta: John Knox, 1984. International Theological Commission, Communion and Stewardship: Human Persons Created in the Image of God . Vatican City, 2002. (website) Jeeves, Malcolm, Changing portraits of human nature,' Science and research papers Christian Belief 14 (2002) 3-32. (website) Johanson, Donald and Maitland Edey, Lucy: the midsummer night theme, Beginnings of Humankind . New York: Simon Shuster, reissue edition, 1990.
Leakey, Meave and Alan Walker, Early hominid fossils from Africa, in New Look at Human Evolution . Research Papers The Eye? Scientific American Special Edition, 2003, p. Essays? 14-19. Miller, Keith B., Theological Implications of an Evolving Creation, Perspectives on Science and research the eye Christian Faith 45 (1993) 150-160. (website) Poirier, Frank E., and Jeffrey K. McKee, Understanding Human Evolution , 4 th ed. NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998. Price, Peter, Biological Evolution . Forth Worth, TX: Saunders College Publishing, 1995.
Ross, Hugh, Searching for dream essay Adam Update, Reasons to Believe (website) Tattersall, Ian, Human Evolution: An Overview, in An Evolving Dialogue , p. 197-209. Tattersall, Ian, Once we were not alone, in New Look at Human Evolution , p. The Eye? 22-27, Tattersall, Ian, Out of Africa Again…and Again? in New Look at Human Evolution , p.38-45. Thorne, Alan G. and Milford H. Wolpoff, The multiregional evolution of humans, in New Look at Human Evolution , p. 46-53.
Wong, Kate, Who Were the Neanderthals? in New Look at Human Evolution , p. 28-37. Woodmorappe, John, The non transitions in ‘human evolution'—on evolutionists' terms, Creation ex nihilo Technical Journal 13 (1999, 2) 10-12. (website)